Quest 1995-1996

Wheels

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Care Of Special Wheels



Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

If you have invested money in magnesium, aluminum alloy or sport wheels, special precautions should be taken to make sure your investment is not wasted and that your special wheels look good for the life of the vehicle.

Special wheels are easily damaged and/or scratched. Occasionally check the rims for cracking, impact damage or air leaks. If any of these are found, replace the wheel. But in order to prevent this type of damage and the costly replacement of a special wheel, observe the following precautions:



Use extra care not to damage the wheels during removal, installation, balancing, etc. After removal of the wheels from the vehicle, place them on a mat or other protective surface. If they are to be stored for any length of time, support them on strips of wood. Never store tires and wheels upright; the tread may develop flat spots.
 
When driving, watch for hazards; it doesn't take much to crack a wheel.
 
When washing, use a mild soap or non-abrasive dish detergent (keeping in mind that detergent tends to remove wax). Avoid cleansers with abrasives or the use of hard brushes. There are many cleaners and polishes for special wheels.
 
If possible, remove the wheels during the winter. Salt and sand used for snow removal can severely damage the finish of a wheel.
 
Make certain the recommended lug nut torque is never exceeded or the wheel may crack. Never use snow chains on special wheels; severe scratching will occur.
 

Inspection



Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

Inspect the tires for lacerations, puncture marks, nails and other sharp objects. Repair or replace as necessary. Also check the tires for treadwear and air pressure.

Check the wheel assemblies for dents, cracks, rust and metal fatigue. Repair or replace as necessary.

Removal & Installation



Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

  1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
  2.  
  3. Remove the jack, tire iron and, if necessary, the spare tire from their storage compartments.
  4.  
  5. Check the owner-s manual or refer to General Information and Maintenance, Jacking. Then, place the jack in the proper position.
  6.  
  7. If equipped with lug nut trim caps, remove them by either unscrewing or pulling them off the lug nuts, as appropriate. Consult the owner-s manual, if necessary.
  8.  
  9. If equipped with a wheel cover or hub cap, insert the tapered end of the tire iron in the groove and pry off the cover.
  10.  
  11. Apply the parking brake and block the diagonally opposite wheel with a wheel chock or two.
    NOTE
    Wheel chocks may be purchased at your local auto parts store, or a block of wood cut into wedges may be used. If possible, keep one or two of the chocks in your tire storage compartment, in case any of the tires has to be removed on the side of the road.

  12.  
  13. Place the selector lever in P (park).
  14.  
  15. With the tires still on the ground, use the tire iron/wrench to break the lug nuts loose.
    NOTE
    If a nut is stuck, never use heat to loosen it or damage to the wheel and bearings may occur. If the nuts are seized, one or two heavy hammer blows directly on the end of the bolt usually loosens the rust. Be careful, as continued pounding will likely damage the brake drum or rotor.

  16.  
  17. Using the jack, raise the vehicle until the tire is clear of the ground. Support the vehicle safely using jackstands.
  18.  
  19. Remove the lug nuts, then remove the tire and wheel assembly.
  20.  

To install:

  1. Make sure the wheel and hub mating surfaces, as well as the wheel lug studs, are clean and free of all foreign material. Always remove rust from the wheel mounting surface and the brake rotor or drum. Failure to do so may cause the lug nuts to loosen in service.
  2.  
  3. Install the tire and wheel assembly and hand-tighten the lug nuts.
  4.  
  5. Using the tire wrench, tighten all the lug nuts, in a crisscross pattern, until they are snug.
  6.  
  7. Raise the vehicle and withdraw the jackstand, then lower the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Using a torque wrench, tighten the lug nuts in a crisscross pattern to 72-87 ft. lbs. (98-118 Nm). Check your owner-s manual or refer to Wheels for the proper tightening sequence.
    WARNING
    Do not overtighten the lug nuts, as this may cause the wheel studs to stretch or the brake disc (rotor) to warp.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Typical wheel lug tightening sequence



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Using a torque wrench to tighten the lug nuts

  10.  
  11. If so equipped, install the wheel cover or hub cap. Make sure the valve stem protrudes through the proper opening before tapping the wheel cover into position.
  12.  
  13. If equipped, install the lug nut trim caps by pushing them or screwing them on, as applicable.
  14.  
  15. Remove the jack from under the vehicle, and place the jack and tire iron/wrench in their storage compartments. Remove the wheel chock(s).
  16.  
  17. If you have removed a flat or damaged tire, place it in the storage compartment of the vehicle and take it to your local repair station to have it fixed or replaced as soon as possible.
  18.  

Wheel Lug Studs/Bolts



Removal & Installation
  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle securely on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. If removing a front wheel stud, remove the disc brake caliper and disc. Please refer to Brakes, Disc Brakes, Brake Disc (Rotor), Removal and Installation for the procedure.
  6.  
  7. If removing a rear wheel stud, remove the brake drum. If necessary to provide clearance, remove the brake shoes. Please refer to Brakes, Drum Brakes, Removal and Installation for the procedure.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Exploded view of the drum, axle flange, and stud



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Use a C-clamp and socket to press out the stud



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Force the stud onto the axle flange using washers and a lug nut

  8.  
  9. Using a large C-clamp and socket, press the stud from the hub.
  10.  

To install:

  1. Place the stud into the hole.
  2.  
  3. Position about four flat washers over the stud and thread the lug nut. Hold the hub while tightening the lug nut, and the stud should be drawn into position. MAKE SURE THE STUD IS FULLY SEATED, then remove the lug nut and washers.
  4.  
  5. If a front wheel stud was replaced, install the disc and caliper.
  6.  
  7. If a rear wheel stud was replaced, install the brake shoes and drum.
  8.  
  9. Install the wheel, then remove the jackstands and carefully lower the vehicle.
  10.  
  11. Tighten the lug nuts to the proper torque.
  12.  

 
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