Ram B1500, B2500, B3500, 1999-2003

Wheels

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Care Of Special Wheels



If you have invested money in magnesium, aluminum alloy or sport wheels, special precautions should be taken to make sure your investment is not wasted and that your special wheels look good for the life of the vehicle.

Special wheels are easily damaged and/or scratched. Occasionally check the rims for cracking, impact damage or air leaks. If any of these are found, replace the wheel. But in order to prevent this type of damage and the costly replacement of a special wheel, observe the following precautions:



Use extra care not to damage the wheels during removal, installation, balancing, etc. After removal of the wheels from the vehicle, place them on a mat or other protective surface. If they are to be stored for any length of time, support them on strips of wood. NEVER store tires and wheels upright; the tread may develop flat spots.
 
When driving, watch for hazards; it doesn't take much to crack a wheel.
 
When washing, use a mild soap or non-abrasive dish detergent (keeping in mind that detergent tends to remove wax). Avoid cleansers with abrasives or the use of hard brushes. There are many cleaners and polishes for special wheels.
 
If possible, remove the wheels during the winter. Salt and sand used for snow removal can severely damage the finish of a wheel.
 
Make certain the recommended lug nut torque is NEVER exceeded or the wheel may crack. NEVER use snow chains on special wheels; severe scratching will occur.
 

Special Notes



  1. Lug nuts must be tightened properly to ensure efficient braking. Over-tightening (excessive torque) in the wrong pattern can cause distortion of the rotor or drums. Air wrenches are NOT recommended for tightening lug nuts. Always use a torque wrench.
  2.  
  3. Models equipped with chrome-plated wheels must NOT use chrome-plated lug nuts. The factory-supplied lug nuts used with chrome-plated wheels are NOT chrome-plated on purpose. Use only these lug nuts. Do NOT replace these items with chrome-plated lug nuts.
  4.  
  5. All 8800 GVW 4x4 vehicles have a factory-installed spacer behind the right front wheel.
  6.  
  7. Some models use a two-piece lug nut with a flat face. Do NOT substitute different types. Place two drops of oil (NOT MORE!) on the nut/washer interface before tightening
  8.  
  9. All aluminum and some steel wheels have lug nuts with an enlarged nose. This is necessary to prevent loosening.
  10.  
  11. Dual rear wheels use a special, heavy-duty lug nut wrench. Always use this wrench when removing or installing the wheels.
  12.  
  13. With dual rear wheels, be sure both wheels are off the ground when tightening the lug nuts. This will ensure correct wheel centering and maximum wheel clamping.
  14.  
  15. With dual rear wheels, repeat the torquing sequence twice to ensure accuracy and prevent lug nut loosening. Check tightness at 100 miles and again at 500 miles.
  16.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Some models use two-piece lug nuts like this



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Fig. Oil two-piece lug nuts before installing



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Fig. Aluminum lug nut wrenches can help minimize scratching on custom lug nuts.


WARNING
Do NOT over-tighten the lug nuts, as this may cause the wheel studs to stretch or the brake disc (rotor) to warp.

  1. If so equipped, install the wheel cover or hub cap. Make sure the valve stem protrudes through the proper opening before tapping the wheel cover into position.
  2.  
  3. If equipped, install the lug nut trim caps by pushing them or screwing them on, as applicable.
  4.  
  5. Remove the jack from under the vehicle, and place the jack and tire iron/wrench in their storage compartments. Remove the wheel chock(s).
  6.  
  7. If you have removed a flat or damaged tire, place it in the storage compartment of the vehicle and take it to your local repair station to have it fixed or replaced as soon as possible.
  8.  

Wheel Lug Studs/Bolts



Removal & Installation
With Disc Brakes
  1. Raise and support the appropriate end of the vehicle safely using jackstands, then remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the caliper. Support the caliper aside using wire or a coat hanger.
  4.  
  5. Five-stud and six-stud wheels: remove the retainers on the wheel studs and remove the rotor.
  6.  
  7. Eight-stud wheels: remove the hub extension, if fitted. Remove the cotter pin and hub nut. Remove the ABS sped sensor, if fitted. Back off the hub/bearing mounting bolts 1 / 4 in. each. Then tap the bolts with a hammer to loosen the hub/bearing from the steering knuckle. Remove the hub/bearing mounting bolts and remove the hub/bearing. Remove the rotor.
  8.  
  9. Properly support the rotor using press bars, then drive the stud out using an arbor press.
  10.  


NOTE
If a press is not available, CAREFULLY drive the old stud out using a blunt brass drift or a copper mallet. MAKE SURE the rotor is properly and evenly supported or it may be damaged.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. View of the rotor and stud assembly-typical



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Fig. Pressing the stud from the rotor

To install:

  1. Clean the stud hole with a wire brush and start the new stud with a hammer and drift pin. Do NOT use any lubricant or thread sealer.
  2.  
  3. Finish installing the stud with the press.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Use a press to install the stud into the rotor



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Studs can be driven out carefully with a copper mallet or similar soft metal instrument


NOTE
If a press is not available, start the lug stud through the bore in the hub, then position about 4 flat washers over the stud and thread the lug nut. Hold the hub/rotor while tightening the lug nut, and the stud should be drawn into position. MAKE SURE THE STUD IS FULLY SEATED, and then remove the lug nut and washers.

  1. Install the rotor and adjust the wheel bearings.
  2.  
  3. Install the brake caliper and pads.
  4.  
  5. Install the wheel, then remove the jackstands and carefully lower the vehicle.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the lug nuts to the proper torque.
  8.  

With Drum Brakes
  1. Raise the vehicle and safely support it with jackstands, then remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the brake drum.
  4.  
  5. If necessary to provide clearance, remove the brake shoes.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of a brake drum, axle flange and stud-typical



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Fig. One method of pressing out a rear wheel stud



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Force the stud onto the axle flange using washers and a lug nut

  1. Using a large C-clamp and socket, press the stud from the axle flange.
  2.  
  3. Coat the serrated part of the stud with liquid soap and place it into the hole.
  4.  

To install:

  1. Position about four flat washers over the stud and thread the lug nut. Hold the flange while tightening the lug nut, and the stud should be drawn into position. MAKE SURE THE STUD IS FULLY SEATED, then remove the lug nut and washers.
  2.  
  3. If applicable, install the brake shoes.
  4.  
  5. Install the brake drum.
  6.  
  7. Install the wheel, then remove the jackstands and carefully lower the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Tighten the lug nuts to the proper torque.
  10.  

 
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