Repair Pontiac Mid-size 1974-1983 Repair Guide

Introduction

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The tune-up is a routine maintenance procedure which is essential for the efficient and economical operation of your car's engine. Regular tune-ups will also help prolong the life of the engine.

The interval between tune-ups is a variable factor which depends upon the way you drive your car, the conditions under which you drive it (city versus highway, weather, etc.), and the type of engine installed. A complete tune-up should be performed on your Pontiac at least every 15,000 miles or one year, whichever comes first. 1981 and later cars have an increased tune-up interval of 25,000 miles; 1974 cars should have their distributor contact points replaced every 12,000 miles, along with a complete tune up.

This interval should be halved if the car is operated under severe conditions such as trailer towing, prolonged idling (a common occurrence in the city), start and stop driving, or if starting and running problems are noticed. It is assumed here that the routine maintenance described in has been followed, as this goes hand-in-hand with the recommended tune-up procedures. The end result of a tune-up can only be the sum of all the various steps, so every step applicable to the tune-up should be followed.

If the specifications on the underhood sticker in the engine compartment of your car disagree with the "Tune-Up Specifications" chart in this section, the figures on the sticker must be used. The sticker often reflects changes made during the production run, or displays specifications that apply only to your particular engine.

The replaceable parts involved in a tune-up include the spark plugs, ignition points on 1974 models, air filter, distributor cap, rotor, and the spark plug wires. In addition to these parts and the adjustments involved in properly installing them, there are several adjustments of other parts involved in completing the job. These include carburetor idle speed and air/fuel mixture, ignition timing, and valve clearance adjustments.This section gives specific procedures on how to tune-up your Pontiac, and is intended to be as complete and basic as possible.


CAUTION
When working with a running engine, make sure that there is proper ventilation. Also make sure that the transmission is in Neutral (unless otherwise specified) and the parking brake is fully applied. Always keep hands, clothing and tools well clear of the hot exhaust manifolds and radiator and especially the belts and fan. Remove any wrist or long neck jewelry or ties before beginning any job, and tuck long hair under a cap. When the engine is running, do not grasp ignition wires, distributor cap or coil wires as a shock in excess of 50,000 volts may result. Whenever working around the distributor, make sure the ignition is "off."

 
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