- Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
- Slightly lift the front assembly.
- Remove the brace between the MacPherson struts.
- Undo the main fuse box and put it to one side.
- Remove the driver side lower dashboard panel (with the data link connector).
Remove the steering shaft lock bolt.
WARNINGSecure the steering wheel to avoid damaging the contact roller (coil spring). If the basic position of the contact roller is disturbed, the spiral conductor in the roller will be damaged when the steering wheel is turned full-lock. The airbag will then fail to function, causing risk for injury in the event of a collision.
- Turn the steering wheel to the straight-ahead position.
- Pull the steering shaft from the pinion shaft.
- Cut the cable tie between the return hose and the pressure hose and separate the two hoses.
- Detach the return hose from the steering gear and plug it. Pinch the hose with pliers. Bend the hose to one side.
- Remove the delivery pipe from the steering gear. Plug the hole in the steering gear.
- Remove the lock plate and separate the steering arm from the steering gear.
- Remove the right and left steering gear mounting brackets.
- Remove the bulkhead seal.
Lift and remove the steering gear up through the engine bay.
- If installing a new steering gear, transfer the return pipe to the new unit.
- Fit the rubber bushing (lubricated with petroleum jelly) to the left mounting bracket.
- Position the steering gear by lowering it down through the engine bay.
- Install the right mounting bracket, with the rubber bushing loosely installed to the bulkhead.
- Install the bulkhead seal. Position the groove in the seal against the groove in the steering gear.
Install the left mounting bracket first. Make sure the smooth surface of the steering gear is against the bulkhead partition. Tighten the bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm) after applying thread lock sealant.
WARNINGIt is extremely important that the steering gear mounting brackets are fitted in the correct order. Otherwise, the steering gear can be fitted in such a position that the angle to the steering column fitting is incorrect.
- Tighten the right mounting bracket to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm) after applying thread lock sealant.
Fit the suspension arms to the steering gear and tighten the attaching bolts to 69 ft. lbs. (93 Nm).
NOTEA new lock plate must be fitted each time the steering gear has been removed from the car.
- Remove the plug and attach the delivery pipe to the steering gear and tighten it.
- Remove the plug from the return hose and attach it to the steering gear.
- Install a new cable tie between the return hose and the pressure hose and fix them together.
- Install the main fuse box.
- Install the brace between the MacPherson struts.
Release the steering wheel and fit the steering shaft to the pinion shaft. Tighten the lock bolt to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm).
WARNINGIf the steering wheel position has been altered, the coil spring must be adjusted.
Adjust coil spring position as follows:
- Check that the road wheels are set straight ahead.
- Remove air bag module and steering wheel.
- Turn the coil spring clockwise until you feel stiff resistance.
Turn the coil spring back 2 complete turns, plus the distance that remains until the electric leads are standing straight up.
NOTEIf a new coil spring is being fitted, no adjustment to the central position is needed. The coil comes ready-set to the central position, being held there by a transport arrester.
- Check that the leads connected to the coil spring are not twisted.
- Install the steering wheel and air bag module.
- Lower the car and turn the wheels to point straight ahead.
- Fill the hydraulic fluid reservoir. Start the engine, turn the steering wheel to the right and left lock positions 2-3 times.
- Turn off the engine and correct the fluid level. At 68°F (20°C), it should be in between the MAX and MIN markings on the dipstick in the hydraulic fluid reservoir.
- Check for leaks at the control valve couplings.
Make sure the steering wheel is positioned -straight ahead- when the car is steering straight ahead on a level road.
- Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
- Clamp the return hose using suitable pinch-off pliers.
- Position the steering wheel and the wheels so that they face straight ahead. Use woven tape to secure the steering wheel to the dashboard.
- Raise the car and remove the front wheels.
- Remove the nuts securing the track rod ends to the steering swivel members. Remove the track rod.
- Remove the anti-roll bar links from the anti-roll bar.
- Remove the steering shaft joint from the steering gear.
- Detach the delivery line and the return line from the steering gear. Plug the lines.
- Remove the heat shield from the steering gear.
- Remove the steering gear bolts, nuts and washers.
- Twist up the anti-roll bar as high as possible and lift out the steering gear through the wheel housing on the passenger side.
- Lift the steering gear into place through the wheel housing on the passenger side.
- Install the steering gear to the subframe and tighten mounting bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm), plus an additional 60 degrees.
- Install the heat shield to the steering gear.
- Attach the delivery line and return line to the steering gear. Fit new O-rings. Tighten fittings to 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm).
- Twist the anti-roll bar down into position. Install the anti-roll bar links to the anti-roll bar. Hold with a thin 17mm open wrench so that the ball joint does not turn. Torque to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm).
- Fit the track rod ends to the steering swivel members. Torque nuts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
- Install the steering shaft joint to the steering gear. Torque pinch bolt to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
- Lower the car and install the wheels.
- Remove the hose pinch-off pliers and fill steering reservoir with power steering fluid.
- Remove the tape used to prevent the steering wheel from moving.
- Bleed the power steering system and check for leaks.
- Carry out a wheel alignment .
Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
CAUTIONCarefully clean area around all fittings for steering gear and hoses. Immediately plug openings.
- Drain the power steering reservoir.
For 4-cylinder models only, remove or disconnect the following:
Power steering reservoir and move it aside
- On 4-cylinder models, with wheels clear of floor, start the engine and turn steering wheel from lock-to-lock until flow of power steering fluid slows down into container. Turn engine off (do not allow pump to run dry).
- For all engines, set wheels in straight-ahead position and secure steering wheel so it will not turn.
Remove or disconnect the following:
Steering column shaft from the steering gear
- Turn pinion shaft until rack is in center position.
Install or connect the following:
Steering gear into position. Hand tighten the bolts at this time
- Fill and bleed the power steering system by starting engine turning steering wheel lock-to-lock 2-3 times. Turn the engine off and top up the fluid.
- Check the toe-in and adjust if necessary.
- Tighten the track rod lock nuts to 55 ft. lbs. (70 Nm).