Saturn Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1991-1998 Repair Guide

Manual Transaxle

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FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS



Saturn Transaxle Fluid (P/N 21005966) is recommended. If not available, DEXRON®IIE or DEXRON®III transmission/transaxle fluid is also acceptable.

LEVEL CHECK



See Figures 1, 2 and 3

  1. The manual transaxle fluid should be checked COLD , with the car parked on a level surface.
  2.  
  3. If necessary, move the car to a level spot and allow the powertrain to cool.
  4.  
  5. Reach below the brake master cylinder, located at the firewall on the left side of the engine compartment, to the top of the transaxle. Grasp the hinged dipstick lever and pull upwards to withdraw the dipstick. The dipstick hinge will automatically straighten and release the expansion plug at the bottom of the hinge, so the stick may be pulled from the transaxle.
  6.  
  7. Note the fluid level, it should be at the FULL line. If necessary, add fluid to bring the amount up to the proper level. Be careful not to overfill the transaxle.
  8.  
  9. Insert the dipstick to the top of the transaxle case and push the hinge back to the locked position. This will expand the rubber plug below the hinge to lock and seal the transaxle.
  10.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Withdraw the manual transaxle dipstick with the hinge in the upright position



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Fig. Fig. 2: When the dipstick is installed, position the hinge in the locked position to seal the transaxle



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Fig. Fig. 3: Make sure the transaxle fluid level is at the FULL mark

DRAIN & REFILL



See Figure 4

The manual transaxle fluid should be changed when the vehicle reaches 6000 miles (10,000 km). No periodic changing should be necessary after the initial change.

  1. Start the engine and allow it to warm to normal operating temperature, then shut the engine OFF .
  2.  
  3. If possible, raise and safely support the vehicle so that it is level. If not, support the vehicle so the drain plug is the lowest point of the transaxle case.
  4.  
  5. Position a drain pan under the plug.
  6.  
  7. Clean the area around the drain plug, then remove the plug using a socket or box wrench. Push in on the plug as you turn it out, so that no fluid escapes until the plug is completely removed. Allow the fluid to drain into the pan.
  8.  
  9. Clean the drain plug, then lubricate the plug using clean transaxle fluid. Wipe off the excess fluid and install the plug using a new washer (1991-early 93 models) or integral rubber seal (late 1993-98 models). On 1991-early 93 models, tighten the drain plug to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm). On late 1993-98 models, tighten the drain plug to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Slide the drain pan out from under the vehicle, then remove the supports and carefully lower the vehicle to the ground.
  12.  
  13. Withdraw the transaxle dipstick and position a suitable long necked funnel into the top of the transaxle. Fill the transaxle to the proper level using the recommended fluid.
  14.  
  15. Check the fluid level, then install and lock the transaxle dipstick.
  16.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: Manual transaxle drain plug location

 
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