Honda CRV/Odyssey 1995-2000 Repair Information

Power Rack and Pinion Steering Gear

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION




CAUTION
The models covered by this guide are equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), which uses an air bag. Whenever working near any of the SRS components, such as the impact sensors, the air bag module, steering column and instrument panel, disable the SRS, as described in Chassis Electrical .

The original radio may contain a coded anti-theft circuit. Obtain the security code number before disconnecting the battery cable.

  1. Drain the fluid from the power steering system, as follows:
    1. Lift the power steering reservoir off of its mount and disconnect the inlet hose.
    2.  
    3. Insert a length of tubing into the inlet hose and route the tubing into a drain container.
    4.  
    5. With the engine running at idle, turn the steering wheel lock-to-lock several times until fluid stops running out of the hose. Then, immediately shut the engine Off .
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Position the front wheels straight ahead. Lock the steering column with the ignition key. Reconnect the reservoir inlet hose.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the negative and positive battery cables. Wait at least three minutes before working around the airbags.
  6.  
  7. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Remove the steering joint cover on the driver's side floor and remove the lower steering joint bolts.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the steering joint by sliding it up toward the steering column.
  12.  
  13. Remove the front wheels.
  14.  
  15. Remove the tie-rod ends, cotter pins and castle nuts. Install a 10mm nut onto the end of the ball joint stud so the threads won't be damaged by the ball joint remover. Using a ball joint removal tool, disconnect the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles.
  16.  
  17. Remove the self-locking nuts and separate the catalytic converter and the joint pipe from exhaust pipe and the front muffler. Remove the catalytic converter. Be careful not to damage the Oxygen Sensor (O 2 S); disconnect their electrical leads if necessary.
  18.  
  19. On the CRV and 4-cylinder Odyssey models perform the following:
    1. Unbolt the fluid return line clamp from the top of the rear subframe beam.
    2.  
    3. Use a flare nut wrench to disconnect the two hydraulic lines from the rack valve body. Plug the lines to keep dirt and moisture out. Carefully move the disconnected lines to the rear of the rack assembly so that they are not damaged when the rack is removed.
    4.  
    5. Push on the left side inner tie rod to position the rack all the way to the right.
    6.  
    7. Remove the rack stiffener plate, then remove the right steering rack mounting bolts.
    8.  
    9. Pull the steering rack down to release it from the pinion shaft.
    10.  
    11. Drop the steering rack far enough to permit the end of the pinion shaft to come out of the hole in the frame channel.
    12.  
    13. Slide the steering rack to the right until the left tie rod clears the subframe, then drop it down and out of the vehicle to the left.
    14.  

  20.  
  21. On V6 Odyssey models, perform the following:
    1. Remove the front lower splash shield.
    2.  
    3. Disconnect the feed line mounting brackets from the front sub frame.
    4.  
    5. Loosen the 14mm flare nut on the steering housing and disconnect the feed line.
    6.  
    7. Loosen the hose clamp for the return hose, and remove the return hose.
    8.  
    9. Attach a chain hoist to the engine, and carefully lift the engine up slightly.
    10.  
    11. Remove the bolts that attach the rear engine mount to the sub-frame.
    12.  
    13. Remove the through bolt that attaches the rear engine mount busing to the bracket.
    14.  
    15. Lift the engine mount bushing assembly upward and install the bracket through bolt such that the bushing assembly rests on the through bolt, to allow clearance between the bushing assembly and the sub-frame.
    16.  
    17. Attach a sturdy wood block between both sides of the lower center of the sub-frame.
    18.  
    19. Secure a jack to the center of the wood block and support the sub-frame by lifting with the jack.
    20.  
    21. Tighten the slack on the engine chain hoist caused by lifting the sub-frame with the jack.
    22.  
    23. Loosen the four sub-frame bushing through bolts 1 3 / 16 inch (30mm) from the mounting surface, using care not to loosen the bolts more than necessary.
    24.  
    25. Remove the front and rear sub-frame stiffener bolts and plates.
    26.  
    27. Slowly and carefully lower the jack that is supporting the sub-frame, and allow the sub-frame to rest on the mounting bolts that were previously loosened.
    28.  
    29. Remove the right feed line clamp and bracket.
    30.  
    31. Remove the two left side steering gearbox mounting nuts and bolts.
    32.  
    33. Move the steering gearbox to the left between the sub-frame and the body to remove.
    34.  

  22.  

See Figure 1

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Remove and install the rack and pinion gear by moving it as shown

To install:

Use new gaskets and self-locking nuts when installing the catalytic converter.

  1. Before installing the rack and pinion, slide the rack's ends all the way to the right. Install the pinion shaft grommet. Align the lug and the slot of the grommet and the valve body.
  2.  


WARNING
Use only genuine Honda Type-V power steering fluid. Any other type or brand of fluid will damage the power steering pump.

  1. Move the steering rack into position. Install the pinion shaft grommet and insert the pinion through the hole in the firewall.
  2.  
  3. On the CRV and 4-cylinder Odyssey models, perform the following:
    1. Install the rack mounting bolts. Tighten the bracket bolts to 28 ft. lbs. (39 Nm). Tighten the stiffener plate mounting bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Reconnect the two hydraulic lines to the rack valve body. Carefully tighten the 14mm inlet fitting to 27 ft. lbs. (37 Nm) and the 16mm outlet fitting to 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Install the catalytic converter using new gaskets and self-locking nuts. Tighten the self-locking nuts to 16 ft. lbs. (22 Nm). Reconnect the O 2 S if it was disconnected.
    6.  
    7. Center the rack ends within their steering strokes.
    8.  
    9. Install the tie rod ends onto the rack ends. Connect the tie rod ends to the steering knuckles and install the castle nuts. Install the front wheels.
    10.  
    11. Verify that the rack is centered within its strokes.
    12.  

  4.  
  5. Center the SRS cable reel, as follows:

    Turn the steering wheel clockwise until it stops.
     
    Turn the steering wheel counterclockwise until the yellow gear tooth lines up with the alignment mark on the lower column cover.
     

  6.  
  7. On V6 Odyssey models, perform the following:
    1. Install the two left side steering gearbox mounting nuts and bolts loosely.
    2.  
    3. Install the right side mounting bracket and feed line clamp.
    4.  
    5. Carefully raise the sub-frame with the jack.
    6.  
    7. Install the front and rear sub-frame stiffener plate bolts and torque to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Tighten the four sub-frame bushing bolts to 75.9 ft. lbs. (103 Nm), and lower the jack and remove the wooden support block.
    10.  
    11. Install the rear engine mount and torque the sub-frame to engine mount bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm), and the engine mount bushing through bolt to 61 ft. lbs. (83 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Remove the engine chain hoist from the engine.
    14.  
    15. Connect and secure the return hose and clamp, and the feed line flare nut.
    16.  
    17. Install the feed line mounting brackets onto the front of the sub-frame.
    18.  
    19. Using new gaskets, install the front exhaust pipe and catalytic converter and connect the O 2 S wires.
    20.  
    21. Install the front lower splash shield.
    22.  
    23. Install the tie rod ends and torque the nuts to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm). Install a new cotter pin through the hole at the end of the tie rod end and spread the ends of the cotter pin flush with the assembly.
    24.  
    25. Install the steering joint onto the pinion shaft of the steering gearbox taking care to align the hole of the steering shaft joint with the flat portion of the pinion.
    26.  

  8.  
  9. Line up the bolt hole in the steering joint with the groove in the pinion shaft. Slip the joint onto the pinion shaft. Pull the joint up and down to be sure the splines are fully seated. Tighten the joint bolts to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
  10.  

Connect the steering joint and pinion shaft with the cable reel and steering rack centered. Verify that the lower joint bolt is securely seated in the pinion shaft groove. If the steering wheel and rack are not centered, reposition the serrations at the lower end of the steering joint.

  1. Install the steering joint cover.
  2.  
  3. On CRV and 4-cylinder Odyssey models, tighten the tie rod end castle nuts to 29-35 ft. lbs. (40-48 Nm). Then, tighten them only enough to install new cotter pins.
  4.  
  5. Lower the vehicle. Reconnect the negative battery cable.
  6.  
  7. Be sure the reservoir inlet line has been reconnected. Fill the reservoir to the upper line with Honda power steering fluid. Run the engine at idle and turn the steering wheel lock-to-lock several times to bleed any air from the system and fill the rack valve body with fluid. Recheck the fluid level and add more if necessary.
  8.  
  9. Check the power steering system for leaks.
  10.  
  11. Check the front wheel alignment and steering wheel spoke angle. Make adjustments by turning the left and right tie rod ends equally.
  12.  
  13. Road test the vehicle, then enter the radio security code.
  14.  

 
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