Subaru Car 1998-05

Transaxle Removal & Installation

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Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of the engine and transaxle mounts-Impreza and Legacy models

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Air intake duct with air cleaner case
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Speedometer cable or electronic wiring connector from the speed sensor
     
    Front Oxygen (O 2 S) sensor connector
     
    Transaxle harness connector
     
    Inhibitor switch connector
     
    Revolution sensor connector
     
    Transaxle ground terminal
     
    Clip band that secures the air breather hose to the pitching stopper
     
    Starter and air intake boot
     
    Timing hole inspection plug
     
    4 bolts that hold the torque converter to the driveplate
     
    Automatic Transaxle Fluid (ATF) level gauge
     
    Pitching stopper rod from the bracket
     
    Engine-to-transaxle mounting nut and bolt on the right side
     
    Buffer rod
     

  6.  
  7. Support the engine assembly with special engine support tool.

    Exhaust system
     
    Exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transaxle, as necessary
     

  8.  
  9. Drain the transmission fluid.
    NOTE
    Matchmark the installed position of the driveshaft before removal.


    NOTE
    Discard the old spring pin and always install a new pin.



    ATF cooler hoses from the pipes of the transmission side
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     



    Driveshaft. Plug the opening at the rear of extension housing to prevent oil from flowing out.
     
    Gearshift cable from the transaxle select lever
     
    Stabilizer from the transverse link
     
    Parking brake cable bracket from the transverse link
     
    Transverse link bolts and lower the link
     
    Spring pins
     
    Halfshafts from the transaxle
     



    Oil cooler hoses
     

  10.  
  11. Place a transaxle jack under the transaxle.
    NOTE
    Do not place the jack under the oil pan otherwise the oil pan may be damaged.



    Engine to transaxle mounting nuts
     



    Rear cushion rubber mounting nuts and the rear crossmember
     

  12.  
  13. Move the torque converter and transaxle as a unit away from the engine and lower it from the vehicle.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Transaxle to the engine and temporarily tighten the engine-to-transaxle mounting nuts
     
    Rear crossmember to the rear cushion rubber mounts. Align the rear cushion guide with the rear crossmember guide hole and tighten nuts.
     
    Rear crossmember to the chassis. Tighten the rear crossmember bolts to 39-49 ft. lbs. (53-66 Nm).
     
    Engine to transaxle retaining nuts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm)
     

  2.  
  3. Remove the transaxle jack from the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine support tool and install the buffer rod.
  6.  
  7. Install or connect the following:

    Axle shafts to the transaxle using new spring pins
     
    Transverse link temporarily to the front crossmember. Do not complete final torque at this point.
     
    Stabilizer temporarily to the transverse link
     
    Parking brake cable bracket to the transverse link
     
    Transverse link-to-front crossmember mounting bolts and transverse link-to-stabilizer mounting bolts, with the tires placed on the ground
     
    Transverse link to front crossmember (self-locking nuts) to 40-62 ft. lbs. (54-84 Nm) and the transverse link to stabilizer to 18-32 ft. lbs. (24-44 Nm).
     
    Gearshift cable to the select lever. Be sure the lever operates smoothly all across the operating range.
     
    Driveshaft. Tighten the driveshaft-to-rear differential retaining bolts to 17-24 ft. lbs. (23-33 Nm) and center bearing location retaining bolts to 25-33 ft. lbs. (34-45 Nm).
     
    Oil cooler hoses
     
    Engine to transaxle bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm)
     
    Starter
     
    Pitching stopper. Be sure to tighten the bolt for the body side first. Tightening torque for the body side bolt is 35-49 ft. lbs. (47-67 Nm). The engine or transaxle side bolt is torque to 33-40 ft. lbs. (44-54 Nm).
     
    Torque converter-to-driveplate mounting bolts to 17-20 ft. lbs. (23-27 Nm)
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     
    ATF cooler hoses to the pipes of the transmission side
     
    Timing hole inspection plug, air intake boot and air breather hose to the pitching stopper
     
    O 2 S sensor connector.
     
    Transaxle harness connector
     
    Inhibitor switch connector
     
    Revolution sensor connector, if equipped
     
    Transaxle ground terminal, on Legacy models
     
    Speedometer cable. Tighten the cable nut by hand, then turn it approximately 30 degrees more with a tool.
     
    Exhaust system and exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transaxle, as necessary
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Air intake duct with air cleaner case
     
    Battery ground cable
     

  8.  
  9. Refill and check transaxle oil level.
  10.  
  11. Road test the vehicle for proper operation across all operating ranges.
  12.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Engine and transaxle mounts-Impreza and Legacy (1997)



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Engine and transaxle mount assembly-SVX

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove speedometer cable or electronic wiring connector from speed sensor.
  4.  
  5. Unplug the following electrical harness connections on the automatic transaxle:
    1. Oxygen sensor connector
    2.  
    3. Transaxle harness connector
    4.  
    5. Inhibitor switch connector
    6.  
    7. Revolution sensor connector on 4WD equipped vehicles
    8.  
    9. Crankshaft and camshaft angle sensor connector on Legacy vehicles
    10.  
    11. Knock sensor connectors and transaxle ground terminal on Legacy vehicles
    12.  

  6.  
  7. Remove clip band which secures air breather hose to pitching stopper.
  8.  
  9. Remove the starter and air intake boot.
  10.  
  11. Remove timing hole inspection plug and remove the 4 bolts which hold torque converter to driveplate.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect pitching stopper rod from bracket.
  14.  
  15. Remove engine to transaxle mounting nut and bolt on the right side.
  16.  
  17. Remove the buffer rod from the vehicle. Support the engine assembly with special engine support tool or equivalent.
  18.  
  19. Remove the exhaust system. Remove exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transaxle, as necessary.
  20.  
  21. Matchmark and remove the driveshaft on 4WD vehicles. Plug the opening at the rear of extension housing to prevent oil from flowing out.
  22.  
  23. Disconnect the gear shift cable from the transaxle select lever.
  24.  
  25. Remove stabilizer from transverse link.
  26.  
  27. Remove parking brake cable bracket from transverse link and bolt holding transverse link to crossmember on each side. Lower the transverse link.
  28.  
  29. Remove spring pin and separate halfshaft from transaxle on each side.
    NOTE
    Use a suitable tool to remove spring pin. Discard old spring pin and always install a new pin.

  30.  
  31. Disconnect the halfshaft from transaxle on each side. Be sure to remove axle shaft from transaxle by pushing the rear of tire outward.
  32.  
  33. Remove engine to transaxle mounting nuts.
  34.  
  35. Disconnect oil cooler hoses.
  36.  
  37. Place transaxle jack or equivalent, under transaxle. Always support transaxle case with a transaxle jack.
    NOTE
    Do not place jack under oil pan otherwise oil pan may be damaged.

  38.  
  39. Remove rear cushion rubber mounting nuts and rear crossmember.
  40.  
  41. Move torque converter and transaxle as a unit away from the engine. Remove the transaxle.
  42.  

To install:

  1. Install transaxle to engine and temporarily tighten engine to transaxle mounting nuts.
  2.  
  3. Install rear crossmember to rear cushion rubber mounts. Align rear cushion guide with rear crossmember guide hole and tighten nuts.
  4.  
  5. Install rear crossmember to chassis; be careful not to damage threads. Tighten rear crossmember bolts to 39-49 ft. lbs. (53-66 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Tighten engine to transaxle retaining nuts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm). Remove transaxle jack from the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Remove the engine support tool and install bufferrod. The remainder of installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten each component to specifications.
  10.  
  11. Refill and check transaxle oil level. Road test vehicle for proper operation across all operating ranges.
  12.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Automatic transmission crossmember and related components-Impreza and Legacy

  1. Open the hood to the full open position.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Drain the transmission fluid.
  6.  
  7. On non turbocharged engine, remove the air intake chamber and intake duct. Remove the air intake chamber stay.
  8.  
  9. On turbocharged engine, remove the intercooler.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the transmission harness connector and ground cable.
  12.  
  13. Remove the starter.
  14.  
  15. On 2006 vehicles, remove the throttle body assembly.
  16.  
  17. Remove the pitching stopper.
  18.  
  19. To separate the torque converter clutch from the drive plate, remove the service hole plug. Remove the bolts that retain the flex plate to the torque converter. When rotating the engine do so in the proper direction of rotation. Install tool ST49827720, or equivalent, to the torque converter case to hold the assembly in place.
  20.  
  21. Remove the transmission filler gauge and housing. Plug the opening.
  22.  
  23. Remove the pitching stopper bracket.
  24.  
  25. Position engine support tool ST41099AC000, or equivalent to hold the engine assembly in place.
  26.  
  27. Remove the upper side transmission to engine retaining bolts.
  28.  
  29. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the undercover.
  30.  
  31. On non turbocharged engine, remove the front, center and rear exhaust pipes and muffler.
  32.  
  33. On turbocharged engine, remove the center and rear exhaust pipes and muffler.
  34.  
  35. Disconnect the transmission cooler hoses from the transmission side. Remove the oil charge pipe.
  36.  
  37. Remove the driveshaft.
  38.  
  39. Remove the shift select cable.
  40.  
  41. Disconnect the stabilizer link from the transverse link. Remove the bolt securing the ball joint of the transverse link to the housing.
  42.  
  43. Pull out the front halfshaft from the transmission. Place a cloth between the tool and the transmission to avoid damaging the side retainer of the transmission.
  44.  
  45. Remove the bolts that hold the clutch housing cover. Remove the nuts that retain the lower engine to transmission.
  46.  
  47. Position a transmission jack under the transmission.
    NOTE
    Make sure that the support plates of the transmission jack do not contact the oil pan.

  48.  
  49. Remove the transmission rear crossmember retaining bolts. Remove the crossmember from the vehicle.
  50.  
  51. While gradually lowering the transmission jack, fully contact the engine support, and then tilt the engine rearward.
  52.  
  53. Remove the transmission from the vehicle.
    NOTE
    Move the transmission and torque converter away from the engine as an assembly.

  54.  

To install:

  1. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.
  2.  
  3. Be sure to use a new differential side oil seal.
  4.  
  5. Be sure to fill the transmission with the proper grade and type transmission fluid.
  6.  
  7. Start the engine and check for leaks, correct as required.
  8.  
  9. Road test the vehicle.
  10.  

  1. Open the hood to the full open position.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Drain the transmission fluid.
  6.  
  7. Remove the air intake duct. Remove the air intake chamber. Remove the air cleaner case assembly.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the transmission harness connectors and the ground terminal.
  10.  
  11. Remove the starter.
  12.  
  13. Remove the pitching stopper.
  14.  
  15. To separate the torque converter clutch from the drive plate, remove the service hole plug. Remove the bolts that retain the flex plate to the torque converter. When rotating the engine do so in the proper direction of rotation. Install tool ST49827720, or equivalent, to the torque converter case to hold the assembly in place.
  16.  
  17. Remove the transmission filler gauge and housing. Plug the opening.
  18.  
  19. Remove the throttle body assembly.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the engine harness and then remove the connector from the bracket. Remove the bracket.
  22.  
  23. Remove the pitching stopper bracket.
  24.  
  25. Position engine support tool ST41099AC000, or equivalent to hold the engine assembly in place.
  26.  
  27. Remove the upper side transmission to engine retaining bolts.
  28.  
  29. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the undercover.
  30.  
  31. Remove the front, center and rear exhaust pipes and muffler. Remove the heat shield cover.
  32.  
  33. Disconnect the transmission cooler hoses from the transmission side. Remove the oil charge pipe.
  34.  
  35. Remove the driveshaft.
  36.  
  37. Remove the shift select cable.
  38.  
  39. Remove the two brackets which hold the front stabilizer. Remove the bolt securing the ball joint of the front arm to the housing.
  40.  
  41. Pull out the front halfshaft from the transmission. Place a cloth between the tool and the transmission to avoid damaging the side retainer of the transmission.
  42.  
  43. Remove the bolts that hold the clutch housing cover. Remove the nuts that retain the lower engine to transmission.
  44.  
  45. Position a transmission jack under the transmission.
    NOTE
    Make sure that the support plates of the transmission jack do not contact the oil pan.

  46.  
  47. Remove the transmission rear crossmember retaining bolts. Remove the crossmember from the vehicle.
  48.  
  49. While gradually lowering the transmission jack, fully contact the engine support, and then tilt the engine rearward.
    NOTE
    Retract the support until there is 0.39 inch clearance between the crossmember and the torque converter case.

  50.  
  51. Remove the transmission from the vehicle.
    NOTE
    Move the transmission and torque converter away from the engine as an assembly.

  52.  

To install:

  1. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.
  2.  
  3. Be sure to use a new differential side oil seal.
  4.  
  5. Be sure to fill the transmission with the proper grade and type transmission fluid.
  6.  
  7. Start the engine and check for leaks, correct as required.
  8.  
  9. Road test the vehicle.
  10.  

  1. Open the hood to the full open position.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Drain the transmission fluid.
  6.  
  7. On non turbocharged engine, remove the air cleaner case or air intake chamber. Remove the air cleaner case stay.
  8.  
  9. On turbocharged engine, remove the intercooler.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the transmission harness connectors and the ground terminal.
  12.  
  13. Remove the starter.
  14.  
  15. Remove the pitching stopper.
  16.  
  17. To separate the torque converter clutch from the drive plate, remove the service hole plug. Remove the bolts that retain the flex plate to the torque converter. When rotating the engine do so in the proper direction of rotation. Install tool ST49827720, or equivalent, to the torque converter case to hold the assembly in place.
  18.  
  19. Remove the transmission filler gauge and housing. Plug the opening.
  20.  
  21. Position engine support tool ST41099AC000, or equivalent to hold the engine assembly in place.
  22.  
  23. Remove the upper side transmission to engine retaining bolts.
  24.  
  25. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the undercover.
  26.  
  27. On non turbocharged engine, remove the front, center and rear exhaust pipes and muffler.
  28.  
  29. On turbocharged engine, remove the center and rear exhaust pipes and muffler.
  30.  
  31. If equipped, remove the heat shield cover.
  32.  
  33. Disconnect the transmission cooler hoses from the transmission side. Remove the oil charge pipe.
  34.  
  35. Remove the driveshaft.
  36.  
  37. Remove the shift select cable.
  38.  
  39. Disconnect the stabilizer link from the transverse link. Remove the bolt securing the joint of the transverse link to the housing.
  40.  
  41. Remove the spring pins and separate the front halfshaft out of the transmission.
  42.  
  43. Remove the bolts that hold the clutch housing cover. Remove the nuts that retain the lower engine to transmission.
  44.  
  45. Position a transmission jack under the transmission.
    NOTE
    Make sure that the support plates of the transmission jack do not contact the oil pan.

  46.  
  47. Remove the transmission rear crossmember retaining bolts. Remove the crossmember from the vehicle.
  48.  
  49. While gradually lowering the transmission jack, fully contact the engine support, and then tilt the engine backward.
  50.  
  51. Remove the transmission from the vehicle.
    NOTE
    Move the transmission and torque converter away from the engine as an assembly.

  52.  

To install:

  1. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.
  2.  
  3. Be sure to use a new differential side oil seal.
  4.  
  5. Be sure to fill the transmission with the proper grade and type transmission fluid.
  6.  
  7. Start the engine and check for leaks, correct as required.
  8.  
  9. Road test the vehicle.
  10.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Automatic transmission crossmember and related components-2005

Except Wrx





Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of the engine and transaxle mounts-Impreza and Legacy models

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Air intake duct with air cleaner case
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Front Oxygen Sensor (O2S) connector
     
    Speedometer cable or electronic wiring connector from the speed sensor
     
    Transaxle harness connector
     
    Inhibitor switch connector, if equipped
     
    Revolution sensor connector, if equipped
     
    Transaxle ground terminal
     
    Clip band that secures the air breather hose to the pitching stopper, if equipped
     
    Starter and air intake boot
     
    Pitching stopper
     
    Timing hole inspection plug
     
    4 bolts that hold the torque converter to the driveplate
     
    Automatic Transaxle Fluid (ATF) level gauge
     
    Engine-to-transaxle mounting nut and bolt on the right side
     
    Buffer rod
     

  6.  
  7. Support the engine assembly with special engine support tool.

    Exhaust system
     
    Exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transaxle, as necessary
     

  8.  
  9. Drain the transmission fluid.

    ATF cooler hoses from the pipes of the transmission side
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     

  10.  


NOTE
Matchmark the installed position of the driveshaft before removal.



Driveshaft. Plug the opening at the rear of extension housing to prevent oil from flowing out.
 
Gearshift cable from the transaxle select lever
 
Stabilizer from the transverse link
 
Parking brake cable bracket from the transverse link
 
Transverse link bolts and lower the link
 
Spring pins
 
Halfshafts from the transaxle
 


NOTE
Discard the old spring pin and always install a new pin.



Oil cooler hoses
 

  1. Place a transaxle jack under the transaxle.

    Engine to transaxle mounting nuts
     

  2.  


NOTE
Do not place the jack under the oil pan otherwise the oil pan may be damaged.



Rear cushion rubber mounting nuts and the rear crossmember
 

  1. Move the torque converter and transaxle as a unit away from the engine and lower it from the vehicle.
  2.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Transaxle to the engine and temporarily tighten the engine-to-transaxle mounting nuts
     
    Rear crossmember to the rear cushion rubber mounts. Align the rear cushion guide with the rear crossmember guide hole and tighten nuts.
     
    Rear crossmember to the chassis. Tighten the rear crossmember bolts to 39-49 ft. lbs. (53-66 Nm) on all models except the 3.0L engine. On the 3.0L engine tighten the T1 bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) and the T2 bolts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
     


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Location of the rear crossmember bolts-3.0L engine

    Engine to transaxle retaining nuts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm)
     

  2.  
  3. Remove the transaxle jack from the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine support tool and install the buffer rod.
  6.  
  7. Install or connect the following:

    Axle shafts to the transaxle using new spring pins
     
    Transverse link temporarily to the front crossmember. Do not complete final torque at this point.
     
    Stabilizer temporarily to the transverse link
     
    Parking brake cable bracket to the transverse link
     
    Transverse link-to-front crossmember mounting bolts and transverse link-to-stabilizer mounting bolts, with the tires placed on the ground
     
    Transverse link to front crossmember (self-locking nuts) to 40-62 ft. lbs. (54-84 Nm) and the transverse link to stabilizer to 18-32 ft. lbs. (24-44 Nm).
     
    Gearshift cable to the select lever. Be sure the lever operates smoothly all across the operating range.
     
    Driveshaft. Tighten the driveshaft-to-rear differential retaining bolts to 17-24 ft. lbs. (23-33 Nm) and center bearing location retaining bolts to 25-33 ft. lbs. (34-45 Nm).
     
    Oil cooler hoses
     
    Engine to transaxle bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm)
     
    Starter
     
    Pitching stopper. Be sure to tighten the bolt for the body side first. Tightening torque for the body side bolt is 35-49 ft. lbs. (47-67 Nm) on all except 3.0L; on the 3.0L tighten the bolt to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm). The engine or transaxle side bolt is torque to 33-40 ft. lbs. (44-54 Nm) ) on all except 3.0L; on the 3.0L tighten the bolt to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm).
     
    Torque converter-to-driveplate mounting bolts to 17-20 ft. lbs. (23-27 Nm)
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     
    ATF cooler hoses to the pipes of the transmission side
     
    Timing hole inspection plug, air intake boot and air breather hose to the pitching stopper
     
    O2S connector
     
    Transaxle harness connector
     
    Inhibitor switch connector
     
    Revolution sensor connector, if equipped
     
    Transaxle ground terminal
     
    Speedometer cable. Tighten the cable nut by hand, then turn it approximately 30 degrees more with a tool.
     
    Exhaust system and exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transaxle, as necessary
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Air intake duct with air cleaner case
     
    Battery ground cable
     

  8.  
  9. Refill and check transaxle oil level.
  10.  
  11. Road test the vehicle for proper operation across all operating ranges.
  12.  

  1. Drain the transmission fluid.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Air intake duct with air cleaner case
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Front Oxygen Sensor (O 2 S) connector
     
    Speedometer cable or electronic wiring connector from the speed sensor
     
    Transmission harness connector
     
    Inhibitor switch connector, if equipped
     
    Revolution sensor connector, if equipped
     
    Transmission ground terminal
     
    Clip band that secures the air breather hose to the pitching stopper, if equipped
     
    Starter and air intake boot
     
    Pitching stopper
     
    Timing hole inspection plug
     
    4 bolts that hold the torque converter to the driveplate
     
    Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) level gauge
     
    Engine-to-transmission mounting nut and bolt on the right side
     
    Buffer rod
     

  4.  
  5. Support the engine assembly with special engine support tool.

    Exhaust system
     
    Exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transmission, as necessary
     

  6.  
  7. Drain the transmission fluid.
    NOTE
    Matchmark the installed position of the driveshaft before removal.


    NOTE
    Discard the old spring pin and always install a new pin.



    ATF cooler hoses from the pipes of the transmission side
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     



    Driveshaft. Plug the opening at the rear of extension housing to prevent oil from flowing out.
     
    Gearshift cable from the transmission select lever
     
    Stabilizer from the transverse link
     
    Parking brake cable bracket from the transverse link
     
    Transverse link bolts and lower the link
     
    Spring pins
     
    Halfshafts from the transmission
     



    Oil cooler hoses
     

  8.  
  9. Place a transmission jack under the transmission.
    NOTE
    Do not place the jack under the oil pan otherwise the oil pan may be damaged.



    Engine to transmission mounting nuts
     



    Rear cushion rubber mounting nuts and the rear crossmember
     

  10.  
  11. Move the torque converter and transmission as a unit away from the engine and lower it from the vehicle.
  12.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Transmission to the engine and temporarily tighten the engine-to-transmission mounting nuts
     
    Rear crossmember to the rear cushion rubber mounts. Align the rear cushion guide with the rear crossmember guide hole and tighten nuts.
     
    Rear crossmember to the chassis. Tighten the rear crossmember bolts to 39-49 ft. lbs. (53-66 Nm) on all except the 3.0L engine. On the 3.0L engine tighten the T1 bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) and the T2 bolts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Location of the rear crossmember bolts-3.0L engine

     
    Engine to transmission retaining nuts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm)
     

  2.  
  3. Remove the transmission jack from the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine support tool and install the buffer rod.
  6.  
  7. Install or connect the following:

    Axle shafts to the transmission using new spring pins
     
    Transverse link temporarily to the front crossmember. Do not complete final torque at this point.
     
    Stabilizer temporarily to the transverse link
     
    Parking brake cable bracket to the transverse link
     
    Transverse link-to-front crossmember mounting bolts and transverse link-to-stabilizer mounting bolts, with the tires placed on the ground
     
    Transverse link to front crossmember (self-locking nuts) to 40-62 ft. lbs. (54-84 Nm) and the transverse link to stabilizer to 18-32 ft. lbs. (24-44 Nm).
     
    Gearshift cable to the select lever. Be sure the lever operates smoothly all across the operating range.
     
    Driveshaft. Tighten the driveshaft-to-rear differential retaining bolts to 17-24 ft. lbs. (23-33 Nm) and center bearing location retaining bolts to 25-33 ft. lbs. (34-45 Nm).
     
    Oil cooler hoses
     
    Engine to transmission bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm)
     
    Starter
     
    Pitching stopper. Be sure to tighten the bolt for the body side first. Tightening torque for the body side bolt is 35-49 ft. lbs. (47-67 Nm) on all except 3.0L engine; on the 3.0L engine tighten the bolt to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm). The engine or transmission side bolt is torque to 33-40 ft. lbs. (44-54 Nm) ) on all except 3.0L engine; on the 3.0L engine tighten the bolt to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm).
     
    Torque converter-to-driveplate mounting bolts to 17-20 ft. lbs. (23-27 Nm)
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     
    ATF cooler hoses to the pipes of the transmission side
     
    Timing hole inspection plug, air intake boot and air breather hose to the pitching stopper
     
    O 2 S connector
     
    Transmission harness connector
     
    Inhibitor switch connector
     
    Revolution sensor connector, if equipped
     
    Transmission ground terminal
     
    Speedometer cable. Tighten the cable nut by side, then turn it approximately 30 degrees more with a tool.
     
    Exhaust system and exhaust brackets or hangers that attach to the transmission, as necessary
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Air intake duct with air cleaner case
     
    Battery ground cable
     

  8.  
  9. Refill and check transmission oil level.
  10.  
  11. Road test the vehicle for proper operation across all operating ranges.
  12.  

Wrx



  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Intercooler
     
    Center and rear exhaust pipes and the muffler
     
    Transaxle harness connector
     
    Transaxle ground terminal
     
    Starter
     
    Pitching stopper
     
    Torque converter service hole plug
     
    Bolts that hold the torque converter to the driveplate
     
    Automatic Transaxle Fluid (ATF) level gauge
     

  6.  
  7. Support the engine assembly with special engine support tool.

    Engine-to-transaxle mounting and bolt(s) on the right side
     
    Undercover
     
    Heat shield cover
     
    Buffer rod
     

  8.  
  9. Drain the transmission fluid.

    ATF cooler hoses from the pipes of the transmission side
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     

  10.  


NOTE
Matchmark the installed position of the driveshaft before removal.



Driveshaft. Plug the opening at the rear of extension housing to prevent oil from flowing out.
 
Gearshift cable from the transaxle select lever
 
Stabilizer from the transverse link
 
Transverse link bolts and lower the link
 
Spring pins
 
Halfshafts from the transaxle
 


NOTE
Discard the old spring pin and always install a new pin.

  1. Place a transaxle jack under the transaxle.

    Engine to transaxle mounting nuts
     

  2.  


NOTE
Do not place the jack under the oil pan otherwise the oil pan may be damaged.



Rear cushion rubber mounting nuts and the rear crossmember
 

  1. Move the torque converter and transaxle as a unit away from the engine and lower it from the vehicle.
  2.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Transaxle to the engine and temporarily tighten the engine-to-transaxle mounting nuts
     
    Rear crossmember to the rear cushion rubber mounts. Align the rear cushion guide with the rear crossmember guide hole and tighten nuts.
     
    Rear crossmember to the chassis. Tighten the rear crossmember T1 bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) and the T2 bolts to 51 ft. lbs. (70 Nm). Refer to the accompanying illustration for bolt location.
     


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Location of the rear crossmember bolts-WRX models

    Engine to transaxle retaining nuts to 36 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Starter
     
    Torque converter clutch plate bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm0
     
    Torque converter plug
     
    Pitching stopper. Be sure to tighten the bolt for the body side first. Tightening torque for the body side bolt is 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm). The engine or transaxle side bolt is torque to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     
    Axle shafts to the transaxle using new spring pins
     
    Transverse link temporarily to the front crossmember. Do not complete final torque at this point.
     
    Stabilizer temporarily to the transverse link
     
    Transverse link-to-front crossmember mounting bolts and transverse link-to-stabilizer mounting bolts, with the tires placed on the ground
     
    Transverse link to front crossmember (self-locking nuts) to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm) and the transverse link to stabilizer to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     
    Gearshift cable to the select lever. Be sure the lever operates smoothly all across the operating range.
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     
    Oil cooler hoses
     
    Driveshaft
     
    Heat shield cover
     
    Center, rear exhaust pipes and the muffler
     
    Undercover
     
    ATF fluid level gauge
     
    Transmission harness connectors
     
    Transmission ground terminal
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Intercooler
     
    Battery ground cable
     

  2.  
  3. Refill and check transaxle oil level.
  4.  
  5. Road test the vehicle for proper operation across all operating ranges.
  6.  

  1. Drain the transmission fluid.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Intercooler
     
    Center and rear exhaust pipes and the muffler
     
    Transmission harness connector
     
    Transmission ground terminal
     
    Starter
     
    Pitching stopper
     
    Torque converter service hole plug
     
    Bolts that hold the torque converter to the driveplate
     
    Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) level gauge
     

  4.  
  5. Support the engine assembly with special engine support tool.

    Engine-to-transmission mounting and bolt(s) on the right side
     
    Undercover
     
    Heat shield cover
     
    Buffer rod
     

  6.  
  7. Drain the transmission fluid.
    NOTE
    Matchmark the installed position of the driveshaft before removal.


    NOTE
    Discard the old spring pin and always install a new pin.



    ATF cooler hoses from the pipes of the transmission side
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     



    Driveshaft. Plug the opening at the rear of extension housing to prevent oil from flowing out.
     
    Gearshift cable from the transmission select lever
     
    Stabilizer from the transverse link
     
    Transverse link bolts and lower the link
     
    Spring pins
     
    Halfshafts from the transmission
     




  8.  
  9. Place a transmission jack under the transmission.
    NOTE
    Do not place the jack under the oil pan otherwise the oil pan may be damaged.



    Engine to transmission mounting nuts
     



    Rear cushion rubber mounting nuts and the rear crossmember
     

  10.  
  11. Move the torque converter and transmission as a unit away from the engine and lower it from the vehicle.
  12.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Transmission to the engine and temporarily tighten the engine-to-transmission mounting nuts
     
    Rear crossmember to the rear cushion rubber mounts. Align the rear cushion guide with the rear crossmember guide hole and tighten nuts.
     
    Rear crossmember to the chassis. Tighten the rear crossmember T1 bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) and the T2 bolts to 51 ft. lbs. (70 Nm). Refer to the accompanying illustration for bolt location.
     
    Engine to transmission retaining nuts to 36 ft. lbs. (50 Nm)
     
    Starter
     
    Torque converter clutch plate bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm0
     
    Torque converter plug
     
    Pitching stopper. Be sure to tighten the bolt for the body side first. Tightening torque for the body side bolt is 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm). The engine or transmission side bolt is torque to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     
    Axle shafts to the transmission using new spring pins
     
    Transverse link temporarily to the front crossmember. Do not complete final torque at this point.
     
    Stabilizer temporarily to the transverse link
     
    Transverse link-to-front crossmember mounting bolts and transverse link-to-stabilizer mounting bolts, with the tires placed on the ground
     
    Transverse link to front crossmember (self-locking nuts) to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm) and the transverse link to stabilizer to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
     
    Gearshift cable to the select lever. Be sure the lever operates smoothly all across the operating range.
     
    ATF level gauge guide
     
    Oil cooler hoses
     
    Driveshaft
     
    Heat shield cover
     
    Center, rear exhaust pipes and the muffler
     
    Undercover
     
    ATF fluid level gauge
     
    Transmission harness connectors
     
    Transmission ground terminal
     
    Air cleaner case stay
     
    Intercooler
     
    Battery ground cable
     

  2.  
  3. Refill and check transmission oil level.
  4.  
  5. Road test the vehicle for proper operation across all operating ranges.
  6.  

 
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