Subaru Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1985-1996 Repair Guide

Engine

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1 and 2

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Before beginning any engine removal procedure, disconnect the negative battery cable



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: It may look like an impossible job, but with organization and patience, this engine can be removed


CAUTION
The EPA warns that prolonged contact with used engine oil may cause a number of skin disorders, including cancer! You should make every effort to minimize your exposure to used engine oil. Protective gloves should be worn when changing the oil. Wash your hands and any other exposed skin areas as soon as possible after exposure to used engine oil. Soap and water, or waterless hand cleaner should be used.

1.2L Engine

CAUTION
When draining the coolant, keep in mind that cats and dogs are attracted to ethylene glycol antifreeze, and could drink any that is left in an uncovered container or in puddles on the ground. Always drain the coolant into a sealable container. Coolant should be reused unless it is contaminated or several years old.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle on jackstands.
  4.  
  5. Scribe alignment marks around the hood hinges, then remove the retainer bots and hood.
  6.  
  7. Drain the cooling system into a suitable container.
  8.  
  9. Remove the front bumper bumper and the grille. Refer to Body & Trim for removal and installation steps.
  10.  
  11. Tag and disconnect the electrical harnesses and hoses from the radiator, Remove the radiator. Refer to the procedure in this guide.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the hood release cable and remove the radiator upper support member.
  14.  
  15. Tag and disconnect the hoses and cables to the air cleaner, fuel distribution system, heater unit, brake booster, clutch, if equipped with a manual transaxle, accelerator and speedometer cables and wiring to the distributor.
  16.  
  17. Disconnect the pitching stopper from the bracket.
  18.  
  19. Remove the engine splash covers and the exhaust pipes to the manifold.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the gearshift rod and stay from the transaxle.
  22.  
  23. Remove the transverse link. Using a suitable prytool, remove the halfshafts from the transaxle.
  24.  
  25. Remove the engine/transaxle mounting brackets. Refer to the procedures in this guide.
  26.  
  27. Using a suitable engine hoist and a cable, attach the cable to the lifting points on the engine and lift slightly.
  28.  
  29. Remove the center member and crossmember from the vehicle.
  30.  
  31. Lift the engine/transaxle assembly carefully and remove from the vehicle.
  32.  
  33. If necessary, separate the engine from the transaxle, If you intend to work on the engine, secure it to a suitable workstand.
  34.  

To install:
  1. Attach the engine to the transaxle. Attach the engine assembly to the hoist and cable at the appropriate lifting points.
  2.  
  3. Slowly lower the engine/transaxle assembly into the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. With the engine/transaxle assembly slightly raised, install the center member and crossmember to the vehicle. Tighten the bolts to 27-49 ft. lbs. (37-67 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Completely lower the engine/transaxle into place and install the mounting brackets. Tighten the bolts to 13-23 ft. lbs. (18-31 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the halfshaft. Refer to the procedure in Drive Train . Instal the transverse link.
  10.  
  11. Install the gearshift rod and stay into the transaxle.
  12.  
  13. Install the exhaust pipes to the manifold. Refer to the procedure in this guide.
  14.  
  15. Install the engine splash cover securing in place with the retainer screws.
  16.  
  17. Install the pitching stopper.
  18.  
  19. Install all removed hoses.
  20.  
  21. Install the hood release cable.
  22.  
  23. Install the radiator, then connect the coolant hoses and electrical harnesses.
  24.  
  25. Install the grille and bumper. Refer to Body & Trim for installation steps.
  26.  
  27. Check to make sure the radiator drain plug is tight, then fill the radiator with coolant.
  28.  
  29. Lower the vehicle.
  30.  
  31. Connect the negative battery cable.
  32.  
  33. Start the vehicle. Adjust the timing, if needed and check for leaks.
  34.  

1.6L and 1.8L Carbureted Engines

On all models, the engine is removed separately from the transaxle.

  1. Open the hood and scribe alignment marks around the hood hinge. Remove the hinge retainer bolts and hood. Place the hood aside.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery terminal from the battery.
  4.  
  5. Remove the ground cable-to-intake manifold bolt and disconnect the cable. It is unnecessary to remove the cable fully: leave it routed along the side of the body.
  6.  
  7. Remove the spare tire from the engine compartment.
  8.  
  9. Remove the emission control hoses from the air cleaner. Remove the air cleaner brackets and the wingnut, then lift the air cleaner assembly off the carburetor.
  10.  
  11. Position a drain pan under the fuel line union. At the union, remove the hose clamp, then pull the hose(s) off. Cap the open hose ends to prevent fuel spillage.
  12.  
  13. Position a drain pan under the engine, remove the drain plug and drain the oil from the crankcase.
  14.  
  15. Drain the engine coolant by performing the following procedures:
    1. Position a clean container, large enough to hold the contents of the cooling system, under the radiator drain plug.
    2.  
    3. Open the draincock on the radiator; turn it so that the slot faces downward.
    4.  
    5. Disconnect both the hoses from the radiator.
    6.  
    7. Disconnect the heater hoses from the pipe on the side of the engine.
    8.  
    9. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, disconnect the oil cooler lines from the radiator.
    10.  

  16.  
  17. Disconnect the following electrical wiring connectors:

    Alternator
     
    Oil pressure sender
     
    Engine cooling fan
     
    Temperature sender
     
    Primary distributor lead
     
    Secondary ignition leads (ignition side)
     
    Starter wiring harness
     
    Anti-dieseling solenoid lead
     
    Automatic choke lead
     
    EGR vacuum solenoid
     
    EGR coolant temperature switch
     

  18.  
  19. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, disconnect the neutral safety switch harness and downshift solenoid harness.
  20.  
  21. Remove the radiator-to-chassis bolts, then remove the ground lead from the upper side of the radiator and remove the radiator.
  22.  

On 4WD models, remove the engine fan.

  1. Remove the crankshaft damper as follows:
    1. Remove the front nut from the damper.
    2.  
    3. Remove the nut on the body bracket and withdraw the damper.
    4.  
    5. Pull the damper rearward, away from the engine lifting hook; be careful not to lose any of the damper parts.
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Remove the starter-to-engine bolts and wires followed by the starter.
  4.  
  5. Loosen the screw on the carburetor throttle lever. Remove the outer end of the accelerator cable.
  6.  
  7. Tag and remove the vacuum hose and the purge hose from the vapor canister.
  8.  
  9. If equipped with a manual transaxle, remove the clutch return spring and clutch cable from the lever.
  10.  
  11. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, disconnect the vacuum hose from the transaxle.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the vacuum hose from the brake booster unit (if equipped).
  14.  
  15. On 4WD models, remove the skid plate-to-chassis bolts and the plate.
  16.  
  17. To remove the Y-shaped exhaust pipe, perform the following procedures:
    1. Remove the exhaust pipe-to-manifold nuts.
    2.  
    3. Remove the exhaust pipe-to-pre-muffler nuts/bolts.
    4.  
    5. While supporting the exhaust pipe by hand, remove the exhaust pipe-to-transaxle bracket bolts, then lower the exhaust pipe.
    6.  

  18.  
  19. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, remove the torque converter bolts by performing the following procedures:
    1. Remove the timing hole cover from the torque converter housing.
    2.  
    3. Through the timing hole, remove the torque converter-to-drive plate bolts.
    4.  

  20.  

Be careful that the bolts DO NOT fall into the torque converter housing.

  1. Connect a chain hoist or equivalent to the engine, with hooks at the front and rear engine hangers. Adjust the hoist so that the weight of the engine is supported, but DO NOT raise the engine.
  2.  
  3. Position a floor jack under the transaxle to support the transaxle weight when the engine is removed.
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine-to-transaxle nuts.
  6.  
  7. Remove the front engine mount-to-crossmember nuts.
  8.  
  9. Using the hoist to raise the engine slightly, about 1 in. (25mm). Keeping it level, move the engine forward, off the transaxle input shaft.
  10.  


CAUTION
DO NOT raise the engine more than 1 in. (25mm) prior to removing it from the input shaft or damage may occur to the driveshaft double offset joints. If equipped with a manual transaxle, be sure that the input shaft does not interfere with the clutch spring assembly; if equipped with an automatic transaxle, leave the torque converter on the transaxle input shaft.

  1. Hoist the engine carefully until it is completely out of the vehicle, then secure it onto a workstand.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Use new gaskets and observe the following torque specifications. Tighten the transaxle-to-engine bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (46-54 Nm), the torque converter-to-drive plate bolts to 17-20 ft. lbs. (23-27 Nm), the engine mount-to-crossmember bolts to 14-24 ft. lbs. (19-33 Nm), the crankshaft damper nut to 7-10 ft. lbs. (9-14 Nm), the exhaust pipe-to-engine bolt to 19-22 ft. lbs. (26-30 Nm), the exhaust pipe-to-pre-muffler nuts to 31-38 ft. lbs. (42-51 Nm) and the radiator-to-chassis bolts to 6-10 ft. lbs. (8-14 Nm). Adjust the clutch and accelerator linkage. Refill the crankcase and cooling system.
  2.  

Use care not to damage the input shaft splines or the clutch spring when lowering the engine in place.

  1. When installing the crankshaft damper, perform the following adjustments:
    1. Tighten the body bracket nut.
    2.  
    3. Turn the front nut until there is no clearance between the front washer and rubber cushion.
    4.  
    5. Insert the bushing and tighten the front nut.
    6.  

  2.  

1.8L Fuel Injected and Turbocharged Engines
  1. Open the hood and scribe alignment marks around the hood hinge. Remove the hinge retainer bolts and hood. Place the hood aside.
  2.  
  3. Remove the spare tire and tire bracket.
  4.  
  5. If equipped with Turbo or MPFI, perform the following procedures to reduce the fuel pressure:
    1. From under the vehicle, disconnect the fuel pump electrical harness connector.
    2.  
    3. Crank the engine for at least 5 seconds. If the engine starts, allow it to run until it stalls.
    4.  
    5. Reconnect the fuel pump connector.
    6.  

  6.  
  7. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  10.  
  11. Tag and disconnect the fuel system hoses and the evaporative emissions system hoses.
  12.  
  13. Tag and disconnect the vacuum hoses for the cruise control, Master-Vac®, air intake shutter and the heater air intake door.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the electrical wiring from the alternator, EGR, thermoswitch, cooling fan (if electric), A/C condenser and the ignition coil. Unfasten the main engine harness.
  16.  
  17. Tag and disconnect the spark plug wires, the engine ground strap and the fusible link assembly.
  18.  
  19. Disconnect the accelerator linkage. Remove the windshield washer reservoir and position it behind the right strut tower.
  20.  
  21. Remove the power steering pump as follows:
    1. Loosen the alternator pivot and mounting bolts, then remove the drive belt.
    2.  
    3. Remove the pulley retainer bolts and pulley from the power steering pump.
    4.  
    5. Remove the power steering pump-to-engine bolts and clamp.
    6.  
    7. Remove the engine oil filler tube and brace.
    8.  
    9. Remove the power steering pump and secure it to the bulkhead without disconnecting the pressure lines.
    10.  

  22.  
  23. Loosen the air intake duct hose clamps and remove the duct. Seal the openings to keep dirt out of the intake passages.
  24.  
  25. Remove the air intake-to-flow meter line and cover the openings.
  26.  
  27. Remove the horizontal damper and clip.
  28.  
  29. Remove the center exhaust section by performing the following procedures:
    1. Disconnect the temperature sensor harness.
    2.  
    3. Remove the rear cover.
    4.  
    5. Remove the center exhaust section-to-transaxle bolt.
    6.  
    7. Remove the hanger bolts, then carefully remove the exhaust pipe (clearance is tight) to avoid damage.
    8.  
    9. Loosen the attaching bolts, then remove the torque converter/flywheel cover.
    10.  

  30.  
  31. If equipped, disconnect the turbocharger oil supply and drain lines. Remove the turbo-to-exhaust bolts, the turbo assembly, the lower cover and the gasket.
  32.  
  33. Unfasten the electrical connector from the O 2 sensor. Remove the torque converter/flywheel-to-drive plate bolts.
  34.  
  35. Using a hoist and suitable engine lift, connect the hoist to the crankshaft damper bracket and lifting eye. Support the engine, but do not lift. Remove the upper engine-to-transaxle bolts; leave the starter in place.
  36.  
  37. Drain the engine coolant into a suitable container. Disconnect the upper/lower radiator hoses, oil cooler lines at the radiator, if equipped, ground wire and radiator.
  38.  
  39. Disconnect the oil cooler lines from the engine. Drain the crankcase oil into a suitable container. Disconnect the heater hoses from the side of the engine.
  40.  
  41. Remove the front engine mount, then the lower engine-to-transaxle nuts.
  42.  
  43. Position a floor jack under the transaxle, then raise the engine/transaxle slightly. Pull the engine forward until the transaxle shaft clears the torque converter/clutch, then carefully raise the engine out of the engine compartment.
  44.  

To install:
  1. Carefully install the engine into the engine compartment. Push the engine rearward and engage it with the transaxle. Mark sure the clutch clears the transaxle shaft.
  2.  
  3. Install the front engine mount.
  4.  
  5. Connect the heater hoses to the engine and connect the oil cooler lines.
  6.  
  7. Install the radiator and connect the transaxle oil cooler lines, ground wire and the upper and lower radiator hoses.
  8.  
  9. Install the upper engine-to-transaxle bolts and remove the engine lifting fixture. Tighten the bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (44-52 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the torque converter-to-driveplate bolts. Tighten the bolts one at a time to 17-20 ft. lbs. (22-26 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Connect the O 2 sensor electrical connector.
  14.  
  15. To install the center section of the exhaust pipe, perform the following procedures:
    1. Install the torque converter cover.
    2.  
    3. Carefully install the exhaust pipe and install the hangar bolts.
    4.  
    5. Install the center exhaust section-to-transaxle bolt.
    6.  
    7. Install the rear cover.
    8.  
    9. Connect the temperature sensor connector.
    10.  

  16.  
  17. Install the remaining exhaust components, adhering to the following torque specifications;

    Turbocharger-to-exhaust system bolts to 31-38 ft. lbs. (42-51 Nm)if equipped.
     
    Exhaust system-to-transaxle bolt to 18-25 ft. lbs. (24-34 Nm)
     
    Exhaust system hanger bolts to 7-13 ft. lbs. (9-18 Nm)
     
    Rear exhaust pipe joint nuts to 7-13 ft. lbs. (9-18 Nm)
     

  18.  
  19. Install the horizontal damper and clip.
  20.  
  21. Install the air intake-to-flow meter line.
  22.  
  23. Install air intake the duct and tighten the air intake duct hose clamps. Install the upper cover.
  24.  
  25. To install the power steering pump, perform the following procedures:
    1. Install the power steering pump on the mounting bracket.
    2.  
    3. Install the engine oil filler pipe brace.
    4.  
    5. Install the power steering pump-to-engine bolts and clamp. tighten the bolts to 22-36 ft. lbs. (29-47 Nm).
    6.  
    7. Install the pulley on the power steering pump. Tighten the retainer bolts to 31-46 ft. lbs. (40-60 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Install the alternator belt and tension the belt. Tighten the alternator pivot and mounting bolts.
    10.  

  26.  
  27. Install the windshield washer reservoir.
  28.  
  29. Install and the crankshaft damper by tightening the nuts on the body side of the damper until the clearance is 0.08 in. (2mm). Tighten the locknuts to 6-9 ft. lbs. (8-12 Nm).
  30.  
  31. Connect the spark plug wires, the engine ground strap and the fusible link assembly.
  32.  
  33. Connect the main engine harness. Connect the electrical wiring connectors to the alternator, EGI, thermoswitch, electric fan, A/C condenser and the ignition coil.
  34.  
  35. Connect the vacuum hoses to the cruise control, Master-Vac®, air intake shutter and the heater air intake door.
  36.  
  37. Connect the fuel system hoses and the evaporative emissions system hoses.
  38.  
  39. Adjust the accelerator pedal so there is 0.4-1.2 in. (10-30mm) between the pin and stop. Adjust the cable for an end-play of 0-0.08 in. (0-2mm) on the actuator side.
  40.  
  41. Install the air cleaner assembly.
  42.  
  43. Connect the negative battery cable.
  44.  
  45. Install the spare tire and the spare tire bracket.
  46.  
  47. Refill the crankcase with oil, the radiator with coolant and check the transmission fluid. Start the engine and check for leaks.
  48.  

2.2L and 2.5L Engines

CAUTION
Fuel injection systems remain under pressure after the engine has been turned OFF. Properly relieve fuel pressure before disconnecting any fuel lines. Failure to do so may result in fire or personal injury.

  1. Relieve the fuel system pressure.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the battery cables, negative first then positive. Remove the battery from the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Drain the engine oil and coolant into suitable containers.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the radiator hoses and fan motor harness, then remove the radiator.
  8.  
  9. If equipped with A/C, discharge the system using an approved recovery/recycling machine. Disconnect and cap the lines from the compressor.
  10.  
  11. Remove the air intake duct.
  12.  
  13. Remove the air cleaner element and upper cover.
  14.  
  15. Remove the evaporator canister and bracket.
  16.  
  17. Unfasten the following electrical connectors:

    O 2 sensor
     
    Engine ground terminal
     
    Crank angle sensor connector
     
    Cam angle sensor connector
     
    Knock sensor connector
     
    Alternator connector and terminal
     
    A/C compressor connectors, if equipped.
     
    Accelerator cable
     
    Cruise control cable, if equipped.
     
    Clutch release spring, clutch cable and hill holder cable, if equipped with a manual transaxle
     

  18.  
  19. Disconnect the following hoses:

    Brake booster hose
     
    Heater inlet and outlet hoses
     

  20.  
  21. Remove the alternator drive belt.
  22.  
  23. Disconnect the wires from the spark plugs on the left side of the engine.
  24.  
  25. Remove the power steering pump line bracket.
  26.  
  27. Remove the power steering pump, leaving the lines connected and position it aside.
  28.  
  29. Raise and support the engine safely.
  30.  
  31. Remove the exhaust Y-pipe.
  32.  
  33. Remove the lower starter nuts.
  34.  
  35. Remove the lower engine-to-transaxle nuts.
  36.  
  37. Remove the front engine mount-to-crossmember nuts.
  38.  
  39. Lower the vehicle.
  40.  
  41. Remove the starter.
  42.  
  43. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, perform the following:
    1. Remove the torque converter service hole plug.
    2.  
    3. Rotate the engine engine remove the torque converter-to-drive plate bolts as they become accessible.
    4.  

  44.  
  45. Remove the pitching stopper.
  46.  
  47. Disconnect the fuel delivery, return and evaporation hoses.
  48.  
  49. Support the engine with a suitable lifting device attached to the engine lifting eyes.
  50.  
  51. Slightly raise the engine.
  52.  
  53. Raise the transaxle with a floor jack.
  54.  
  55. Slowly remove the engine from the vehicle.
  56.  

To install:
  1. Apply a small amount of grease to the splines of the mainshaft.
  2.  
  3. Position the engine in the engine compartment and align it with the transaxle.
  4.  
  5. Install the engine and tighten the upper bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (44-54 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Remove the lifting device and floor jack.
  8.  
  9. Install the pitching stopper and tighten the bolts to the following specifications:

    Body side-49 ft. lbs. (67 Nm)
     
    Bracket side-40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm)
     

  10.  
  11. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, perform the following:
    1. Install the torque converter-to-drive plate bolts while rotating the engine, and tighten to 20 ft. lbs. (26 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Install the service hole cover.
    4.  

  12.  
  13. Install the evaporator canister and bracket.
  14.  
  15. Install the power steering pump. Tighten the retainer bolts to 22-36 ft. lbs. (29-47 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Install and tension the drive belt.
  18.  
  19. Install the starter. Tighten the bolts to 34-40 ft. lbs. (44-52 Nm).
  20.  
  21. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  22.  
  23. Install the lower engine-to-transaxle nuts and tighten them to 34-40 ft. lbs. (44-52 Nm).
  24.  
  25. Install the lower engine mounting nuts. Tighten them to 61 ft. lbs. (83 Nm) in the inner most elliptical hole in the front crossmember so the clearance is 0.16-0.24 in. (4-6mm).
  26.  
  27. Install the exhaust Y-pipe with new gaskets and nuts.
  28.  
  29. Connect the following hoses:

    Brake booster hose
     
    Heater inlet and outlet hoses
     

  30.  
  31. Attach the following connectors:

    Accelerator cable
     
    Cruise control cable, if equipped
     
    Clutch release spring, clutch cable, hill holder cable, if equipped with a manual transaxle
     

  32.  
  33. Fasten the following electrical connectors:

    Engine harness connectors
     
    O 2 sensor
     
    Engine ground terminal
     
    Crank angle sensor connector
     
    Cam angle sensor connector
     
    Knock sensor connector
     
    Alternator connector and terminal
     
    A/C compressor connectors, if equipped
     

  34.  
  35. Install the air cleaner element and cover.
  36.  
  37. If equipped, connect the A/C lines with new O-rings and tighten the bolts to 23 ft. lbs. (31 Nm).
  38.  
  39. Install the radiator.
  40.  
  41. Install the engine cover.
  42.  
  43. Install the battery.
  44.  
  45. Fill the engine with the recommended oil.
  46.  
  47. Fill and bleed the cooling system.
  48.  
  49. Charge the A/C system using an approved recovery/recycling machine.
  50.  
  51. Adjust the clutch cable.
  52.  
  53. If equipped, check the automatic transaxle fluid level and add Dexron II® if necessary.
  54.  
  55. Start the engine and allow it to reach normal operating temperature. Check for leaks.
  56.  

2.7L Engine
  1. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Matchmark and remove the hood.
  6.  
  7. Raise and support the vehicle safely on jackstands.
  8.  
  9. Discharge the air conditioning system, if equipped using an approved recovery/recycling machine. Drain the engine oil and cooling system into suitable containers.
  10.  
  11. Tag and disconnect the canister hose and the hose bracket.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect and plug the fuel lines.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the power brake vacuum line booster. If equipped with manual transaxle and 4WD, disconnect the differential lock vacuum hose.
  16.  
  17. Disconnect the engine wiring harnesses, oxygen sensor plug, bypass air valve control harness, ignition coil and the distributor connector to the crank sensor.
  18.  
  19. Unfasten the alternator wires, A/C compressor, engine ground, radiator fan motor and thermo-switch electrical connector.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the accelerator cable. Disconnect the cruise control cable, if equipped. Disconnect and plug the heater hoses.
  22.  
  23. Disconnect the hill holder cable on the clutch release fork side of the assembly, if equipped with a manual transaxle.
  24.  
  25. Disconnect the front exhaust pipe from the manifold.
  26.  
  27. Lower the vehicle. Disconnect and plug the air conditioning compressor hoses, if equipped.
  28.  
  29. Remove the radiator fan and shroud assembly. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, disconnect and plug the cooler lines. Remove the radiator from the vehicle.
  30.  
  31. Remove the timing hole plug. Remove the bolts that retain the torque converter to the driveplate, if equipped with an automatic transaxle.
  32.  
  33. Disconnect and remove the starter.
  34.  
  35. Remove the buffer rod mounting bolts. Remove the bolts that support the engine mount to the front crossmember. Remove the bolts that hold the lower side of the engine to the transaxle assembly.
  36.  
  37. Install the proper engine lifting equipment using the engine lifting eyes. Properly support the transaxle assembly with a suitable transmission jack.
  38.  
  39. Remove the upper transaxle retainer bolts.
  40.  
  41. Carefully remove the engine from the vehicle. If equipped with manual transaxle, move the engine toward the rear of the vehicle until the mainshaft is withdrawn from the clutch cover.
  42.  

To install:
  1. Install the engine into the engine compartment. If equipped with a manual transaxle, be careful to align the mainshaft. Install the retainer bolts and tighten to 34-40 ft. lbs. (44-52 Nm).
  2.  
  3. On automatic transaxle equipped models, connect the torque converter to the engine flywheel. Tighten the bolts to 17-20 ft. lbs. 22-26 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Tighten the front rubber cushion mounts to 28-50 ft. lbs. (36-65 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the buffer rod and tighten the mounting bolt to 14-25 ft. lbs. (18-32 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the timing hole plug.
  10.  
  11. Install the radiator, radiator shroud and transaxle fluid cooler lines, if equipped.
  12.  
  13. Install the air conditioner compressor and lines. Install the exhaust system.
  14.  
  15. Install the hill holder, if equipped. Attach all vacuum lines and hoses disconnected earlier. Reconnect all electrical harnesses taking care to clean all connectors and ground locations.
  16.  
  17. Install the fuel lines. Fill the crankcase with oil, the transaxle with fluid and the cooling system with coolant.
  18.  
  19. Connect the negative battery cable.
  20.  
  21. Start the engine and allow it to reach operating temperature. Check for leaks and test drive the vehicle.
  22.  

3.3L Engine

CAUTION
Fuel injection systems remain under pressure after the engine has been turned OFF. Properly relieve fuel pressure before disconnecting any fuel lines. Failure to do so may result in fire or personal injury.

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Scribe alignment marks on the hood hinges, then remove the hinge retainer bolts and hood.
  4.  
  5. Release the fuel system pressure.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Remove the underbody cover and drain the engine coolant.
  10.  
  11. Remove the radiator and all coolant hoses.
  12.  
  13. If equipped with A/C, discharge the air conditioning system using an approved recovery/recycling machine.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect and plug the air conditioning lines.
  16.  
  17. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  18.  
  19. Disconnect the accelerator cable.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the cruise control cable.
  22.  
  23. Label and disconnect all wiring harnesses and cables.
  24.  
  25. Tag and remove the evaporation canister, vacuum hoses and bracket.
  26.  
  27. Disconnect the exhaust system from the exhaust manifold.
  28.  
  29. Place a drain pan beneath the power steering lines and disconnect.
  30.  
  31. Disconnect the automatic transaxle cooler lines from the radiator, if equipped.
  32.  
  33. Remove the nuts which secure the lower side of the engine to the transaxle.
  34.  
  35. Remove the starter.
  36.  
  37. Remove the nuts which attach the front cushion rubber to the subframe.
  38.  
  39. If equipped with an automatic transaxle, separate the torque converter from the drive plate by removing the converter retainer bolts.
  40.  
  41. Remove the pitching stopper and bracket.
  42.  
  43. Disconnect the fuel delivery hose, return hose and evaporation hoses.
  44.  
  45. Support the engine with a suitable lifting device and the transaxle with a suitable transmission jack.
  46.  
  47. Remove the bolts which secure the engine to the transaxle.
  48.  
  49. Slowly raise the engine and remove from the vehicle.
  50.  

To install:
  1. Install the engine to the transaxle and tighten the bolts which secure the right upper side of the engine to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Remove the lifting device and transmission jack.
  4.  
  5. Install the pitching stopper and tighten to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  6.  
  7. if equipped with an automatic transaxle, install the torque converter to drive plate bolts and tighten to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect all hoses disconnected earlier.
  10.  
  11. Install the evaporation canister and bracket.
  12.  
  13. Install the radiator and coolant lines.
  14.  
  15. Install the nuts which hold the lower side of the engine to the transaxle. Tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Install the starter and wiring. Tighten the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
  18.  
  19. Install the nuts which hold the front cushion rubber to the subframe. Tighten to 50 ft. lbs. (84 Nm).
  20.  
  21. Connect the power steering and automatic transaxle cooler lines.
  22.  
  23. Install the exhaust system to the manifold.
  24.  
  25. Install the engine under cover.
  26.  
  27. Connect all electrical harnesses.
  28.  
  29. Connect the accelerator cable.
  30.  
  31. Connect the cruise control cable.
  32.  
  33. Connect the high pressure hoses to the A/C compressor. Tighten to 18 ft. lbs. (24 Nm).
  34.  
  35. Install the air intake system
  36.  
  37. Connect the negative battery cable.
  38.  
  39. Fill the cooling system with coolant.
  40.  
  41. Check the automatic transaxle oil level and add as required.
  42.  
  43. Check the power steering fluid level. Add as necessary and bleed all air from the system.
  44.  
  45. Check the engine oil level.
  46.  
  47. Charge the A/C system using an approved recovery/recycling machine.
  48.  
  49. Start the engine and allow it to reach normal operating temperature. Check for leaks.
  50.  

 
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