Subaru Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1985-1996 Repair Guide

Speakers

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Front

WARNING
When installing a replacement speaker, always use a speaker of the same impedance as the 1 removed. Failure to use the correct speaker will cause damage to the radio.

JUSTY

See Figure 1

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Front dash speaker grille-Justy

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the dash panel speaker grille retainer screws. Lift the grille off and place aside.
  4.  
  5. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws. Lift the speaker out enough to access the wire harness at the back of the speaker.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the speaker harness from the rear of the speaker.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Attach the speaker wire harness to the back of the speaker assembly.
  2.  
  3. Position the speaker in the opening in the dash, and secure in place with the retainer screws.
  4.  
  5. Position the grille in place, and secure with the retainer screws.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  10.  

SEDAN, COUPE, XT, LOYALE, WAGON AND BRAT
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the dash lower trim panel, if removing the driver side dash speaker. Remove the glove box if removing the passenger side dash speaker.
  4.  
  5. Remove the speaker retainer nuts from the underside of the dash panel. Remove the speaker from the dash studs.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the speaker harness.
  8.  
  9. Remove the speaker.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Attach the wire harness to the speaker.
  2.  
  3. Position the speakers on the retainer studs on the underside of the dash panel.
  4.  
  5. Secure the speaker in place with the retainer nuts.
  6.  
  7. Install the lower trim panel, and/or glove box.
  8.  
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10.  
  11. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  12.  

LEGACY AND IMPREZA

See Figures 2, 3 and 4

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Remove the front door speaker grille and panel assembly-Legacy and Impreza



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Fig. Fig. 3: Disconnect the speaker harness-Legacy and Impreza



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Remove the speaker retainer screws, and lift the speaker out-Legacy and Impreza

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the door panel assembly.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the speaker harness located between the door panel and inner door metal.
  6.  
  7. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws. Lift the speaker out.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Position the speaker in the opening in the dash, and secure in place with the retainer screws.
  2.  
  3. Attach the speaker harness.
  4.  
  5. Install the door panel and trim pieces.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Test the radio to make sure all speaker function correctly.
  10.  

SVX
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the door panel assembly.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the speaker harness located between the door panel and inner door metal.
  6.  
  7. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws. Lift the speaker out.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Position the speaker in the opening in the dash, and secure in place with the retainer screws.
  2.  
  3. Attach the speaker harness.
  4.  
  5. Install the door panel and trim pieces.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  10.  

Front Tweeters
LEGACY AND IMPREZA
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the door panel assembly.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tweeter assembly from the front corner of the window assembly by unfastening the retainer screw at the base of the tweeter. Lift the speaker out enough to access to wire harness.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the harness at the back side of the tweeter.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Attach the harness to the rear of the tweeter.
  2.  
  3. Position the tweeter in the corner of the from window, and secure in place with the retainer screw.
  4.  
  5. Install the door panel and trim pieces.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  10.  

SVX
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Use a small prytool to remove the tweeter from the dash panel. Be careful not to damage the dash panel surface.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the harness at the back side of the tweeter.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Attach the harness to the rear of the tweeter.
  2.  
  3. Insert the tweeter into the hole in the dash panel, and press into place.
  4.  
  5. Connect the negative battery cable.
  6.  
  7. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  8.  

Rear
JUSTY
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the speaker grille retainer screws. Lift the grille off and place aside.
  4.  
  5. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws. Lift the speaker out enough to access the wire harness at the back of the speaker.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the speaker harness from the rear of the speaker.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Attach the speaker wire harness to the back of the speaker assembly.
  2.  
  3. Position the speaker in the opening, and secure in place with the retainer screws.
  4.  
  5. Position the grille in place, and secure with the retainer screws.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  
  9. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  10.  

SEDAN, COUPE, XT, LOYALE AND WAGON
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear door panel on 4-door sedan and wagon models. Unfasten the rear speaker grille retainer screws on all other models, and remove the grille assembly.
  4.  
  5. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws securing the speaker to the door or rear deck, depending on model. Lift the speaker out enough to access the wire harness at the rear of the assembly.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the speaker harness.
  8.  
  9. Remove the speaker.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Attach the wire harness to the speaker.
  2.  
  3. Position the speakers on the door or rear deck assembly, depending on model.
  4.  
  5. Secure the speaker in place with the retainer screws.
  6.  
  7. Install the door panel on 4-door Sedan and Wagon models. Position the speaker grille in place on the rear deck on all other models, and secure in place with the retainer screws.
  8.  
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10.  
  11. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  12.  

LEGACY AND IMPREZA

See Figures 5 and 6

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Remove the speaker grille-Legacy wagon



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 6: Remove the speaker retainer screws-Legacy and Impreza

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. On Wagon and Hatchback models, remove the luggage cover and holder assembly. Fold the backrest forward.
  4.  
  5. On Sedan models, remove the rear seat cushion and backrest assembly.
  6.  
  7. On Wagon and Hatchback models, remove the speaker cover retainer nuts and screws securing the cover in place over the speaker assembly.
  8.  
  9. On Sedan models, remove the rear right and left quarter trim panels, followed by the rear shelf assembly.
  10.  
  11. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws securing the speaker in place. Lift the speaker out enough to access the wire harness at the rear of the assembly.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the speaker harness.
  14.  
  15. Remove the speaker.
  16.  

To install:
  1. Attach the wire harness to the speaker.
  2.  
  3. Position the speakers in place, and secure with the retainer screws.
  4.  
  5. On Sedan models, install the rear shelf assembly followed by the right and left rear quarter trim panels.
  6.  
  7. On Wagon and Hatchback models, install the speaker cover, and secure in place with the retainer nuts and screws.
  8.  
  9. On Sedan models, install the rear seat backrest and cushion.
  10.  
  11. On Wagon and Hatchback models, fold the seat back, and install the luggage cover and holder.
  12.  
  13. Connect the negative battery cable.
  14.  
  15. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  16.  

SVX
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear seat cushion and backrest assembly.
  4.  
  5. Remove the rear right and left quarter trim panels, followed by the rear shelf assembly.
  6.  
  7. Loosen and remove the speaker retainer screws securing the speaker in place. Lift the speaker out enough to access the wire harness at the rear of the assembly.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the speaker harness.
  10.  
  11. Remove the speaker.
  12.  

To install:
  1. Attach the wire harness to the speaker.
  2.  
  3. Position the speakers in place, and secure with the retainer screws.
  4.  
  5. Install the rear shelf assembly followed by the right and left rear quarter trim panels.
  6.  
  7. Install the rear seat backrest and cushion.
  8.  
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10.  
  11. Test the radio to make sure all speakers function correctly.
  12.  

TESTING



If a speaker in the vehicle will not work, a small battery can be used to determine if the speaker has failed, or if the problem is in the radio itself or in the speaker wiring. Proceed with the following steps to test a speaker.

  1. Remove the speaker from the vehicle. Refer to the appropriate procedure in this section for speaker removal and installation. When removed, place the speaker face down on a clean flat surface.
  2.  
  3. Purchase a AA or AAA-size (1.5V) battery and solder a length wire to both the positive and negative side of the battery.
  4.  
  5. Strip 1 / 2 -1 inch (1-2cm) off the ends of each wire.
  6.  
  7. To test the speaker, touch 1 end of each wire attached to the battery to each terminal of the speaker. If the speaker is functioning correctly, you will hear a crackling sound from the speaker when the battery makes contact with the speaker terminals. A dead speaker will make no sound when touched with the battery. Replace a dead speaker. If after testing the speaker and learning that it does function correctly, there is a problem with either the speaker wiring or the radio.
  8.  

A battery can also be used to check the polarity of a speaker. Each speaker has a positive side as well as a negative side, which are needed to produce the sound you hear when playing the radio. Even though a speaker will function if the positive and negative wires are reversed, the sound will not be as loud or as clear compared to when they are installed correctly. To determine the polarity of the speaker terminals, touch the wires of the battery to the speaker and watch the cone of the speaker as contact is made. With the speaker face down, if the cone moves towards you when the wires touch the speaker terminals, the positive and negative side of the battery are contacting the reverse terminals on the speaker. Reverse the wires and try again. A properly polarized speaker will move the cone away from you when touched with the battery.

Although this procedure is not as important with speakers that have their respective terminals marked with a plus (+) or a minus (-), many factory speakers do not identify the individual terminals or wires attached to them. This procedure will be most helpful when installing aftermarket speakers into a vehicle using the factory wire harness.

 
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