Subaru Coupes/Sedans/Wagons 1985-1996 Repair Guide

Instrument Panel

Print


CAUTION
Properly disarm the air bag on vehicles equipped with the SRS system. Failure to do so can cause serious injury. The procedure can be found in ( Chassis Electrical ) under the heading "Supplemental Restraint System".

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



While the instrument panel removal procedures here are specific for each vehicle, they should be used only as an outline. Manufacturers production changes and year-to-year trim level changes are not covered in these procedures.

Justy

See Figures 1 and 2

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Instrument panel mounting bolt location-Justy



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Exploded view of the instrument panel-Justy

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Matchmark and remove the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the glove box assembly and disconnect the defroster ducts.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the heater control cables from the heater unit.
  8.  
  9. Remove the plastic bolt covers from the around the instrument panel.
  10.  
  11. Remove the instrument cluster, disconnecting the speedometer cable.
  12.  
  13. Remove the bolts that retain the instrument panel to the firewall and with the help of an assistant, lift the instrument panel away from the firewall. Disconnect any electrical leads at this point.
  14.  
  15. Remove the instrument panel from the vehicle through the passenger's side door.
  16.  

Use care not to damage the instrument panel trim or the vehicle interior trim when removing the instrument panel.

  1. Remove any components from the instrument panel that are going to be replaced.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Install the instrument panel in position with the help of an assistant. Connect all electrical leads.
  2.  
  3. Install the instrument panel retaining bolts.
  4.  
  5. Install the removed components on the instrument panel.
  6.  
  7. Install the heater duct and the glove box assembly.
  8.  
  9. Install the instrument cluster, connecting the speedometer cable and electrical leads.
  10.  
  11. Install any remaining components. Install the steering wheel on the column in the same position as removed. Tighten the center nut to 36-43 ft. lbs. (49-59 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Connect the negative battery cable. Check the operation of all accessories.
  14.  

Loyale and 1985-89 Sedans, Wagons and Hatchbacks

See Figure 3

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Exploded view of the instrument panel-Loyale

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lower trim panel on the driver's side (underneath steering column). The panel is held in place by 3 screws and trim clips.
  4.  
  5. Remove the bolts retaining the main fuse box assembly, allow the assembly to hang by the wires.
  6.  
  7. Remove the lower steering column cover and disconnect the ventilation duct from under the instrument panel.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the cable from the air vent in the driver's side kick panel where it attaches to the control lever in the instrument panel.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the temperature control cables at the heater unit.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the vacuum lines at the heater case.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the wiring harnesses on the driver's side.
  16.  
  17. Remove the instrument cluster an disconnect the speedometer cable.
  18.  
  19. Remove the steering wheel assembly.
  20.  
  21. Remove the center tray and console from between the seats.
  22.  
  23. Remove the lower trim panel from the passenger's side. Remove the glove box assembly.
  24.  
  25. Disconnect the wiring harness connectors on the passenger's side.
  26.  
  27. Remove the instrument panel retaining bolt covers from the panel. They can be pried gently upward.
  28.  
  29. Remove the instrument panel bolts in the following places; 2 bolts at the lower ends of the instrument panel, 2 bolts at the lower center of the panel, 2 bolts at the upper ends of the panel and 2 bolts at the upper center of the panel.
  30.  

When removing the instrument panel, check that all wiring and cables are disconnected before pulling it completely away from the firewall.

  1. With the help of an assistant, lift the panel and remove it from the vehicle. Use care not to damage the panel or the interior trim when removing it.
  2.  

To install:
  1. With the help of an assistant, install the instrument panel into position at the firewall.
  2.  

Be sure that no wires are caught between the panel and its mounting. Make sure that the panel is on top of the weatherstrip along the windshield and the strip is not folded along the windshield.

  1. Install the instrument panel retaining bolts. Install the bolt covers after tightening the bolts.
  2.  
  3. Connect the wiring at the passenger's side of the instrument panel. Install the glove box assembly.
  4.  
  5. Install the lower cover on the passenger's side. Install the center console and tray between the seats.
  6.  
  7. Install the steering wheel assembly. Tighten the steering wheel nut to 22-29 ft. lbs. (29-39 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the instrument cluster and connect the electrical wiring at the driver's side.
  10.  
  11. Connect the temperature control cables and the vacuum lines at the heater unit.
  12.  
  13. Connect the air vent cable at the driver's side air vent. Install the main fuse box in position.
  14.  
  15. Install the steering column lower trim and the lower instrument panel trim.
  16.  
  17. Install any remaining trim pieces and check the operation of all components.
  18.  
  19. Connect the negative battery cable and check the operation of all electrical components.
  20.  

When checking electrical components, if any of the fuses should blow, check that there are no wires pinched by the instrument panel and correct it if there are.

XT

See Figure 4

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Exploded view of the instrument panel-XT

When removing the instrument panel on the XT models, the steering shaft and column assembly are removed with the control wings as an assembly.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the lower trim panel from the driver's side.
  6.  
  7. Remove the ventilation duct from the driver's side, it can be pulled out by hand.
  8.  
  9. Open the fuse box lid and remove the screws that retain the fuse box. Push the fuse box back and allow it to hang by the wires.
  10.  
  11. Remove the lower cover on the passenger's side. Remove the glove box door assembly.
  12.  
  13. Remove the trim panel from the top of the instrument panel by prying it gently at both ends and in the middle. You will have to pull it upward with your hands to release the clips, be careful not to bend or break it.
  14.  
  15. Remove the center console assembly. Be sure to remove the control knobs for the ventilation controls.
  16.  
  17. Remove the radio assembly.
  18.  
  19. Disconnect the steering shaft coupler at the floor. Remove the steering column covers. Remove the column-to-instrument panel support bolts and remove the column, control wings and shaft as an assembly.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the wiring harnesses on the drivers and passenger's side.
  22.  
  23. Remove the 8 bolts that retain the instrument panel. With the help of an assistant, lift and remove the instrument panel.
  24.  

When removing the instrument panel, check that all wiring and cables are disconnected before pulling it completely away from the firewall.

  1. With the help of an assistant, install the panel into position.
  2.  

Be sure that no wires are caught between the panel and its mounting. Make sure that the panel is on top of the weatherstrip along the windshield and the strip is not folded along the windshield.

  1. Reconnect all electrical harnesses on the drivers and passenger's side of the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Install the steering column assembly. See Suspension & Steering of this repair guide for torque specifications and installation instructions.
  4.  
  5. Install the center console assembly. Install the glove box assembly.
  6.  
  7. Install the upper instrument panel trim.
  8.  
  9. Install the ventilation tube on the driver's side. Install the fuse box in position and install the lower driver's side trim panel.
  10.  
  11. Install the passenger's side lower trim panel. Install the radio and any other components removed.
  12.  
  13. Check the operation of all control levers and cables.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable and check the operation of all electrical accessories.
  16.  

When checking electrical components, if any of the fuses should blow, check that there are no wires pinched by the instrument panel and correct it if there are.

Legacy

See Figures 5 and 6

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Exploded view of the instrument panel-1990-94 Legacy



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 6: Exploded view of the instrument panel-1995-96 Legacy


CAUTION
Properly disarm the air bag on vehicles equipped with the SRS system. Failure to do so can cause serious injury. The procedure can be found in ( Chassis Electrical ) under the heading "Supplemental Restraint System".

  1. Properly disarm the air bag system. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the center console retaining screws and remove the center console assembly.
  4.  
  5. Remove the instrument panel retaining bolt covers by prying them from the panel.
  6.  
  7. Remove the lower part of the front A pillar trim. Remove the instrument panel under covers from the drivers and passenger's sides.
  8.  
  9. Remove the hood release cable from the hood release lever.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the wiring harness connectors under the instrument panel.
  12.  
  13. Remove the instrument cluster assembly. Remove the glove box assembly
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the ventilation control cables and electrical connectors at the heater unit. Disconnect the vacuum line at the blower housing.
  16.  
  17. Disconnect the radio antenna feeder wire. Disconnect the main harness connector at the fuse box.
  18.  
  19. Remove the lower steering column covers. Remove the steering column retaining bolts and allow the column to hang down.
  20.  
  21. Remove the instrument panel retaining bolts.
  22.  

When removing the instrument panel, check that all wiring and cables are disconnected before pulling it completely away from the firewall.

  1. With the help of an assistant, lift and remove the instrument panel from the vehicle.
  2.  

To install:
  1. With the help of an assistant, install the instrument panel in position in the vehicle.
  2.  

Be sure that no wires are caught between the panel and its mounting. Make sure that the panel is on top of the weatherstrip along the windshield and the strip is not folded along the windshield.

  1. Install the panel retaining bolts. Install the retaining bolt covers.
  2.  
  3. Raise the steering column into position. Install the steering column covers.
  4.  
  5. Connect all electrical connectors under the instrument panel. Connect the ventilation control cables and electrical leads.
  6.  
  7. Install the instrument cluster assembly. Install the glove box assembly.
  8.  
  9. Install the center console assembly.
  10.  
  11. Install and connect any remaining components. Install the undercovers.
  12.  
  13. Check the operation of all control cables and switches.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable and check the operation of all electrical accessories.
  16.  

When checking electrical components, if any of the fuses should blow, check that there are no wires pinched by the instrument panel and correct it if there are.

SVX

See Figure 7

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 7: Exploded view of the instrument panel-1992 SVX shown


CAUTION
Properly disarm the air bag on vehicles equipped with the SRS system. Failure to do so can cause serious injury. The procedure can be found in ( Chassis Electrical ) under the heading "Supplemental Restraint System".

  1. Properly disarm the air bag system. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the center console assembly retaining screws and remove the center console.
  4.  
  5. Remove the front A pillar upper trim pieces.
  6.  
  7. Remove the radio grounding wire, which is screwed to the floor just behind the shifter assembly.
  8.  
  9. Remove the power mirror switch and remove the bolt located behind it.
  10.  
  11. Remove the lower driver's side instrument panel cover by removing the 6 clips and disconnecting the 3 connectors.
  12.  
  13. Remove the instrument cluster lower cover by removing the retaining bolts.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the air bag assembly connector (YELLOW coated wires) at the bottom of the steering column.
  16.  
  17. Remove the lower steering column cover. Remove the steering column-to-bracket bolts and lower the column.
  18.  
  19. Remove the small bolt caps from both ends of the instrument panel and remove the bolts.
  20.  
  21. Remove the 2 sets of instrument panel switches by pulling them from their mountings. Disconnect the electrical leads from the switches.
  22.  
  23. Remove the instrument cluster visor assembly and remove the instrument cluster.
  24.  
  25. Remove the 4 bolts from behind where the instrument cluster was. Remove the 5 bolts from inside the glove box.
  26.  
  27. Disconnect the main harness connectors under the driver's side (6 connectors). Disconnect the 2 radio antenna leads.
  28.  

When removing the instrument panel, check that all wiring and cables are disconnected before pulling it completely away from the firewall.

  1. With the help of an assistant, remove the instrument panel by pulling it sharply forward, this will release the retaining pins from the top of the panel. Remove the panel from the vehicle.
  2.  

To install:
  1. With the help of an assistant, install the panel into position in the vehicle. Align the pins at the top of the panel, with the grommets in the firewall and push the panel into position. Install the 4 screws in the instrument cluster opening and the 5 screws in the glove box opening.
  2.  

Be sure that no wires are caught between the panel and its mounting. Make sure that the panel is on top of the weatherstrip along the windshield and the strip is not folded along the windshield.

  1. Connect the main wiring harness connectors. Connect the antenna leads.
  2.  
  3. Install the instrument cluster assembly. Install the instrument panel switch assemblies.
  4.  
  5. Install the retaining bolts at the ends of the instrument panel and install the bolt caps.
  6.  
  7. Raise the steering column into position and install the retaining bolts.
  8.  
  9. Connect the air bag connectors. Install the instrument cluster lower cover.
  10.  
  11. Screw down the radio ground wire. Install the center console assembly. Install the lower instrument panel trim.
  12.  
  13. Install the bolt behind power mirror switch and install the switch.
  14.  
  15. Install any remaining components and trim pieces.
  16.  
  17. Check the operation of all cables and switches.
  18.  
  19. Connect the negative battery cable and check the operation of all electrical accessories.
  20.  

When checking electrical components, if any of the fuses should blow, check that there are no wires pinched by the instrument panel and correct it if there are.

Impreza

See Figure 8

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 8: Exploded view of the instrument panel and center console-Impreza


WARNING
When removing the instrument panel on air bag equipped models, use care to avoid damaging the air bag system wirings harness, which is routed near the combination meter. All air bag wiring and connectors are colored yellow.


CAUTION
Properly disarm the air bag on vehicles equipped with the SRS system. Failure to do so can cause serious injury. The procedure can be found in ( Chassis Electrical ) under the heading "Supplemental Restraint System".

  1. Properly disarm the air bag systems and disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear console box.
  4.  
  5. Pull the cup holder.
  6.  
  7. Turn over the shift lever boot (manual transaxle models) or remove select lever cover (automatic transaxle models).
  8.  
  9. Remove the console cover.
  10.  
  11. Remove the audio assembly and disconnect the antenna cable and connectors.
  12.  
  13. Remove the lower cover and then disconnect the seat belt timer connector.
  14.  
  15. Remove the glove box.
  16.  
  17. Remove the instrument panel console.
  18.  
  19. Remove the two bolts and lower the steering column.
  20.  
  21. Remove the column cover.
  22.  
  23. Remove the hood opening lever.
  24.  
  25. Set the temperature control switch to MAX. COLD, and mode selector switch to the defroster position.
  26.  
  27. Disconnect both the temperature control cable and the mode selector cable from the link.
  28.  

Do not move the switch and link when installing.

  1. Tag or match mark the wiring connectors, then disconnect by holding the connectors and not the wiring.
  2.  
  3. Remove the six instrument panel retaining bolts and nuts.
  4.  
  5. Remove the front defroster grille and two bolts.
  6.  
  7. Carefully remove the instrument panel from the body and then disconnect the speedometer cable from the back of the combination meter.
  8.  

To install:
  1. With the help of an assistant, install the panel into position in the vehicle. Align the three pins at the top of the panel, with the grommets in the firewall and push the panel into position.
  2.  

Be sure that no wires are caught between the panel and its mounting.

  1. Install the front defroster grille and two bolts.
  2.  
  3. Install the six instrument panel retaining bolts and nuts.
  4.  
  5. Connect the wiring harness connectors.
  6.  
  7. Connect both the temperature control cable and the mode selector cable to the link.
  8.  

Do not move the switch and link when installing.

  1. Install the hood opening lever.
  2.  
  3. Install the column cover.
  4.  
  5. Install the two steering column retaining bolts.
  6.  
  7. Install the instrument panel console.
  8.  
  9. Install the glove box.
  10.  
  11. Connect the seat belt timer connector and Install the lower cover.
  12.  
  13. Install the audio assembly and connect the antenna cable and connectors.
  14.  
  15. Install the console cover.
  16.  
  17. Reposition the shift lever boot (manual transaxle models) or install the select lever cover (automatic transaxle models).
  18.  
  19. Install the cup holder.
  20.  
  21. Install the rear console box.
  22.  
  23. Connect the negative battery cable.
  24.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo