Subaru Forester 1998-05

Camshaft, Bearings & Lifters 3

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Removal & Installation



SOHC Engines
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Timing belt covers
     
    Timing belt
     
    Camshaft sprockets
     
    Spark plug wires
     
    Oil level gauge guide and Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor support
     
    Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) hose
     
    Valve cover
     
    Rocker arm assembly
     

  4.  
  5. Remove the camshaft cap as follows:
    1. Bolts -A- through -B- in alphabetical sequence
    2.  
    3. Loosen bolts -C- through -J- equally all the way in alphabetical sequence
    4.  
    5. Bolts -K- through -P- in alphabetical sequence using tool 499497000
    6.  

  6.  
  7. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Camshaft
     
    Oil seal, if necessary
     
    Plug from the rear side of the camshaft
     

  8.  


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Camshaft cap removal sequence-2001-03 models


To install:


NOTE
Lubricate the camshaft bearings prior to camshaft installation.

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Camshaft
     
    Camshaft cap. Apply liquid gasket on the edge of the cam cap mating surface 0.12 inch (3mm) thick
     

  2.  
  3. Temporarily tighten bolts -G- through -J- in alphabetical sequence
  4.  
  5. Install the valve rocker assembly. Torque the bolts -A- through -H- to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Torque bolts -I- through -N- to 13 ft. lbs. (25 Nm) in alphabetical sequence using tool 499497000
  8.  
  9. Torque bolts -O- through -X- to 7.2 ft. lbs. (10 Nm) in alphabetical sequence
  10.  
  11. Install or connect the following:

    Oil seal to the camshaft using tool 499597000 oil seal guide and 49958700 oil seal installer
     
    Plug to the rear side of the camshaft using tool 499587700 oil seal installer
     
    Valve cover
     
    Oil level gauge guide and CMP sensor support
     
    PCV house
     
    Spark plug wires
     
    Camshaft sprockets. Torque the bolts to 58 ft. lbs. (78 Nm).
     
    Timing belt
     
    Timing belt covers. Torque the bolts to 3.6 ft. lbs. (5 Nm).
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  12.  


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Camshaft cap tightening sequence-2001-03 models


  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Remove the drive belts.
  6.  
  7. Remove the crankshaft pulley.
  8.  
  9. Remove the timing belt covers.
  10.  
  11. Remove the timing belt.
  12.  
  13. Remove the camshaft sprocket.
  14.  
  15. Remove the crankshaft sprocket
  16.  
  17. Remove timing belt cover No.2 from the left and right hand sides.
  18.  
  19. Remove the tensioner bracket.
  20.  
  21. Remove the Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor support from the left hand side.
  22.  
  23. Remove the oil level gauge guide from the left hand side.
  24.  
  25. Remove the spark plug wires.
  26.  
  27. Remove the valve cover and gasket.
  28.  
  29. Remove the valve rocker assembly.
  30.  


NOTE
Before removing the camshaft cap bolts mark and note their location so they may be reinstalled in their original positions.

  1. Loosen the camshaft cap bolts using several passes in the sequences illustrated in the following order:
    1. Remove bolts A and B.
    2.  
    3. Loosen bolts C through J in sequence.
    4.  
    5. Using a suitable size torque bit, remove bolts K through P in sequence.
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Remove the camshaft caps, camshaft and oil seal.
  4.  
  5. Remove the plug from the rear right hand side of the camshaft.
  6.  


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Remove camshaft cap bolts A and B using several passes-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Remove camshaft cap bolts C through J using several passes-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Remove camshaft cap bolts K through P using several passes-2004 SOHC engines



CAUTION
Do not remove the oil seal unless needed. Be careful not to scratch or damage the journal mating surfaces.

To install:


NOTE
Lubricate the camshaft bearings prior to camshaft installation.

  1. Install the camshaft.
  2.  
  3. Apply a bead of liquid gasket around the camshaft cap as illustrated.
  4.  
  5. Install the camshaft cap. Apply liquid gasket on the edge (B) of the cam cap (C) mating surface 0.12 inch (3mm) thick (A).
  6.  
  7. Temporarily tighten bolts -G- through -J- in alphabetical sequence.
  8.  
  9. Install the valve rocker assembly. Torque the bolts -A- through -H- to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Torque bolts -I- through -N- to 13 ft. lbs. (25 Nm) in alphabetical sequence using Torx tool 499497000.
  12.  
  13. Torque bolts -O- through -V- to 7.2 ft. lbs. (10 Nm) in alphabetical sequence.
  14.  
  15. Torque bolts -W- through -X- to 7.2 ft. lbs. (10 Nm) in alphabetical sequence.
  16.  
  17. Install the oil seal to the camshaft using tool 499597000 oil seal guide and 499587500 oil seal installer.
  18.  
  19. Install the plug to the rear side of the camshaft using tool 499587700 oil seal installer.
  20.  
  21. Adjust the valve clearance.
  22.  
  23. Install the valve cover.
  24.  
  25. Connect the spark plug wires.
  26.  
  27. Connect the PVC house.
  28.  
  29. Install the oil level gauge guide and CMP sensor support
  30.  
  31. Install the tensioner bracket and tighten to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  32.  
  33. Install the right and left hand timing belt cover No.2 and tighten the bolts to 3 ft. lbs. (5 Nm).
  34.  
  35. Install the crankshaft and camshaft sprockets.
  36.  
  37. Install the timing belt and cover.
  38.  
  39. Install the crankshaft pulley and tighten the bolt to 130 ft. lbs. (177 Nm).
  40.  
  41. Install the drive belts.
  42.  
  43. Connect the negative battery cable.
  44.  


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Apply a bead of liquid gasket around the camshaft cap-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Apply liquid gasket on the edge (B) of the cam cap (C) mating surface 0.12 inch (3mm) thick (A)-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Temporarily tighten bolts -G- through -J- in sequence-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Tighten bolts -A- through -H- in sequence-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Tighten bolts -I- through -N- in sequence-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Tighten bolts -O- through -V- in sequence-2004 SOHC engines



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Tighten bolts -W- through -X- in sequence-2004 SOHC engines


 
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