Subaru ff-1/1300/1400/1600/1800/Brat 1970-1984 Repair Guide

Power Steering Pump

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Except Turbo Models
  1. Remove the negative (-) battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the spare tire from the engine compartment.
  4.  
  5. Raise the front of the vehicle and safely support it with jackstands.
  6.  
  7. Drain the fluid from the system by removing the line flare nuts from the center of the power steering gearbox and turning the steering wheel from left to right.
  8.  
  9. Loosen and remove the drive belt. See the belt adjustment procedure that follows.
  10.  
  11. Disengage the hoses connected to the air cleaner and remove the air cleaner assembly.
  12.  
  13. Remove the engine oil dipstick.
  14.  
  15. Remove any other interference that will prevent pump removal.
  16.  
  17. Disconnect the fluid hoses from the back of the pump.
  18.  
  19. Unfasten the pump mounting bolts/nuts and remove the pump.
  20.  
  21. Installation is the reverse of removal.
  22.  
  23. Fill the pump with fluid before starting the engine.
  24.  

Turbo Models
  1. Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the spare tire.
  4.  
  5. Drain the power steering fluid from the oil reservoir located on the pump by siphoning the oil out.
  6.  
  7. Loosen but do not remove the power steering pump pulley nut.
  8.  
  9. Loosen the alternator mounting bolts, move the alternator toward the power steering pump, and remove the belts.
  10.  
  11. Remove the nut and pull off the pump pulley.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the oil pump line at the pipe using two wrenches. Use one wrench to hold the pipe nut in place and use the other wrench to turn the other nut, this prevents twisting or kinking the pipe.
  14.  
  15. Loosen the clamp and disengage the line where it connects to the tank. Be sure to keep oil off the belts.
  16.  
  17. Unfasten the three bolts attaching the front of the pump to the mount and remove it.
  18.  
  19. To install reverse the removal process, but keep these points in mind:
  20.  
    1. Do not twist hoses.
    2.  
    3. Install and adjust the belts before tightening the power steering pulley bolt.
    4.  
    5. Fill the fluid reservoir with the specified fluid and have someone keep it filled (use new fluid only). Idle the engine and turn the steering wheel from lock-to-lock to force air out of the system.
    6.  


DRIVE BELT ADJUSTMENT



  1. Using a pair of adjustable jawed pliers (with a piece of rag between the jaws), turn and pull to remove the idler cover cap.
  2.  
  3. Turn the adjusting bolt until the correct belt tension is obtained.
  4.  
  5. If disengaging the belt, loosen the adjusting bolt until the drive belt can be removed.
  6.  
  7. After a new belt is installed and the correct tension obtained, replace the idler cap cover by pushing in and turning.
  8.  

SYSTEM BLEEDING



  1. Raise and support the front of the vehicle with jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Refill the reservoir with power steering fluid.
  4.  
  5. With the engine running, turn the steering wheel (back and forth), from lock-to-lock, until the air is removed from the fluid.
  6.  
  7. Lower the vehicle, recheck the reservoir fluid level and replace the reservoir cap.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 1 Noise Diagnosis



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Fig. Fig. 2 Troubleshooting Basic Steering and Suspension Problems



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Fig. Fig. 3 Troubleshooting the Steering Column



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Fig. Fig. 4 Troubleshooting the Steering Column (cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 5 Troubleshooting the Manual Steering Gear



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Fig. Fig. 6 Troubleshooting the Manual Steering Gear (cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 7 Troubleshooting the Power Steering Gear



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Fig. Fig. 8 Troubleshooting the Power Steering Gear (cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 9 Troubleshooting the Power Steering Gear (cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 10 Troubleshooting the Power Steering Pump



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Fig. Fig. 11 Troubleshooting the Power Steering Pump (cont.)



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Fig. Fig. 12 Special Tools, Manual Steering System



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Fig. Fig. 13 Special Tools, Manual Steering System



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Fig. Fig. 14 Special tools, Power Steering System



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Fig. Fig. 15 Special tools, Power Steering System

 
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