ABS is controlled by ABS control module or by ESP® control module (if equipped).
ABS activation and control with ESP® are done by ESP® hydraulic unit/control module assembly.
The ABS (Antilock Brake System) controls the fluid pressure applied to the wheel cylinder of each brake from the master cylinder so that each wheel is not locked even when hard braking is applied.
This ABS has also the following function.
While braking is applied, but before ABS control becomes effective, braking force is distributed between the front and rear so as to prevent the rear wheels from being locked too early for better stability of the vehicle.
The main component parts of this ABS include the following parts in addition to those of the conventional brake system.
It is recommended that entire hydraulic system be thoroughly flushed with clean brake fluid whenever new parts are installed in hydraulic system.
Periodical change of brake fluid is also recommended.
Wheel speed sensor which senses revolution speed of each wheel and outputs its signal.
ABS warning lamp which lights to inform abnormality when system fails to operate properly.
ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit/control module assembly is incorporated ABS (ESP®) control module, ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit (actuator assembly), solenoid valve power supply driver (transistor), solenoid valve driver (transistor), pump motor driver (transistor).
ABS (ESP®) control module which sends operation signal to ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit to control fluid pressure applied to each wheel cylinder based on signal from each wheel speed sensor so as to prevent wheel from locking.
ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit which operates according to signal from ABS (ESP®) control module to control fluid pressure applied to wheel cylinder of each 4 wheels.
Solenoid valve power supply driver (transistor) which supplies power to solenoid valve in ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit.
Solenoid valve driver (transistor) which controls each solenoid valves in ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit.
Pump motor driver (transistor) which supplies power to pump motor in ABS (ESP®) hydraulic unit.
This ABS is equipped with Electronic Brake force Distribution (EBD) system that controls a fluid pressure of rear wheels to best condition, which is the same function as that of proportioning valve, by the signal from wheel sensor independently of change of load due to load capacity and so on. And if the EBD system fails to operate properly, the brake warning lamp lights to inform abnormality.