Disassembly & Assembly
- Remove the strut from the vehicle.
- Compress the coil spring using a suitable spring compressor until the spring comes away from the seat.
- Remove the large center nut and slowly release the spring compressor.
- Remove the upper bearing from the strut assembly.
- Remove the spring from the strut assembly.
Remove the lower spring insulator from the strut.
- If replacing the strut, transfer any necessary components from the old strut.
- Install the lower spring insulator onto the strut.
- Compress the spring and install it on the strut.
- Install the lower washer and upper bearing assembly.
- Install the upper washer and a new nut. Tighten the nut to 39-53 ft. lbs. (53-72 Nm) while holding the rod with a T-50 size Torx® socket.
Install the strut assembly in the vehicle.
Removal & Installation
Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
WARNINGAll vehicles are equipped with gas-pressurized front shock absorbers which will extend unassisted. Do not apply heat or flame to the front shock absorber during removal or disassembly. Failure to follow these instructions may result in personal injury.
CAUTIONSuspension fasteners are critical parts because they affect performance of vital components and systems and their failure can result in major service expense. A new part with the same part number must be installed if installation is necessary. Do not use a new part of lesser quality or substitute design. Torque values must be used as specified during reassembly to make sure of correct retention of these parts.
NOTETurn the ignition switch to position 1.
NOTEIt is not necessary to remove the wheel hub and bearing or the disc brake dust shield from the knuckle.
Remove the wheel knuckle as follows:
CAUTIONDiscard the wheel hub retainer. It is a torque prevailing design and cannot be reused. If loosened, the retainer must be removed and a new one installed.
NOTEMake sure the steering wheel is in the unlocked position.
- Remove the hub cap or wheel cover, the wheel hub retainer, and the washer. Discard the retainer.
- Remove the front brake rotor.
Remove and discard the tie rod cotter pin and nut.
CAUTIONDo not damage the tie-rod end boot when installing the removal tool 211-001.
NOTERemove the adapter from the ball end of the removal tool. Apply a small amount of grease to the tie-rod end stud and the ball of the special tool.
Using the removal tools illustrated, disconnect the tie-rod end.
- Remove the bolt and detach the ABS sensor, if equipped. Unclip the ABS sensor wire retainer and position the sensor out of the way.
- Remove and discard the strut to knuckle nut.
- Remove and discard the ball joint nut.
Using the tools illustrated, disconnect the ball joint from the lower arm.
Using a pry bar, push the lower arm down until the ball joint is free of the arm.
CAUTIONDo not allow the halfshaft to move outboard. Over-extension of the tripod CV joint can result in separation of internal parts, causing failure of the halfshaft.
NOTEHold the threaded rod while turning the nut.
Using the tools illustrated, press the halfshaft from the wheel bearing and hub. Wire the halfshaft in a level position.
Remove the flag bolt and the knuckle.
CAUTIONDo not use power tools to remove the nut. Damage to the boot or ball joint can result.
NOTETo remove the nut, first loosen the nut, then use the hex holding feature to keep the stabilizer bar link ball joint from turning while removing the nut.
- Remove the nut and disconnect the stabilizer bar link. Discard the nut.
- Remove the bolt and detach the brake hose bracket.
- Unclip the ABS sensor wire retainer and position the sensor out of the way.
- Lower the vehicle far enough to access the strut and spring assembly-to-body nuts.
- If necessary, detach the washer hose retainer.
- Remove the nuts and the strut and spring assembly. Discard the nuts.
To install: NOTE: Make sure the spring is correctly seated in both spring seats
- Install the spring assembly and tighten the nuts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
- If removed, attach the washer hose retainer.
- Install the ABS sensor.
Attach the brake hose bracket.
NOTEUse the hex holding feature to keep the stabilizer bar link ball joint from turning while installing the nut.
- Connect the stabilizer bar link. Install a new nut and tighten to 66 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
- Position the knuckle on the strut and install the flag bolt.
- Using the tools used during removal, press the halfshaft into the wheel bearing and hub.
- Using a pry bar, push the lower arm down until the ball joint can be installed.
- Install a new nut and tighten to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
- Install a new strut to knuckle nut and tighten to 85 ft. lbs. (115 Nm).
Install the ABS sensor wire retainer and sensor, if equipped.
NOTEMake sure the ABS sensor mounting hole does not have debris or corrosion build up, or false ABS activation can occur.
NOTEIf the hole in the tie-rod end does not line up with the slots in the nut, continue tightening the nut. Do not loosen the nut to align the slots in the nut with the hole in the outer tie-rod end.
- Connect the tie-rod end to the knuckle and install a new nut and cotter pin. Tighten the nut to 41 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).
Install the brake rotor.
CAUTIONThe front axle wheel hub retainer must be tightened to specification immediately during installation. If the retainer is not tightened immediately, the nylon lock will set incorrectly, leading to incorrect torque readings and bearing failure. Any front wheel hub retainer that is not immediately tightened to specification or is loosened must be removed and a new retainer installed.
- Install the washer, the wheel hub retainer, tighten to 184 ft. lbs. (250 Nm). Install the hub cap or wheel cover.