Tercel 1995-1996

Struts (MacPherson Struts)

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Removal & Installation





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Fig. Common coil spring and strut component assembly

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the lug nuts.
  4.  
  5. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
    WARNING
    Do not support the weight of the vehicle on the suspension arm; the arm will deform under its weight.

  6.  
  7. Unfasten the lug nuts and remove the wheel.
  8.  
  9. Remove the bolt and disconnect the brake hose from the strut.
  10.  
  11. If equipped with ABS brakes, disconnect the wire harness from the strut.
  12.  
  13. Remove the bolts and disconnect the strut from the steering knuckle.
  14.  
  15. Remove the strut from the body.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Proper method of supporting the strut in a vise

  16.  
  17. Install a bolt and two nuts to the bracket at the lower portion of the strut shell and secure it in a vise.
  18.  
  19. Using a spring compressor tool SST 09727-30020 or equivalent, compress the coil spring.
    CAUTION
    This procedure requires the use of a spring compressor; it cannot be performed without one. If you do not have access to this special tool, do not attempt to disassemble the strut. The coil spring is retained under considerable pressure. It can exert enough force to cause serious injury! Exercise extreme caution when disassembling the strut.

  20.  
  21. Remove the dust cover and hold the spring seat so that it will not turn. Remove the nut on the top of the strut.
  22.  
  23. Remove the suspension support, bearing, dust seal, spring seat, spring, insulators and bumper.
  24.  

To install:

  1. To assemble the strut:
    1. Install the spring bumper to piston.
    2.  
    3. Using a spring compressor, compress the spring.
    4.  
    5. Install the coil spring to the strut. Fit the lower end of the coil spring into the gap of the lower seat.
    6.  
    7. Install the spring seat with the insulator.
    8.  
    9. Install the dust seal on the spring seat.
    10.  
    11. Install the suspension support and tighten the new suspension nut to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm). After the nut has been tighten, release the compressor tool tension.
    12.  
    13. Pack multipurpose grease into the suspension support. Install the dustcover.
      NOTE
      Do not use an impact wrench to tighten the nut. Also, check that the bearing fits into the recess in the suspension support.

    14.  

  2.  
  3. Install the nuts holding the strut to the strut tower. Tighten the nuts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the steering knuckle to the strut lower bracket.
  6.  
  7. Insert the two bolts from the rear side and tighten the strut-to-steering knuckle arm bolts. Tighten to 166 ft. lbs. (226 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Secure the brake line to the steering knuckle.
  10.  
  11. If equipped with ABS, secure the wire harness.
  12.  
  13. Install the wheel and lower the vehicle.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable.
  16.  
  17. Have the front wheel alignment checked.
  18.  

 
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