The Throttle Position (TP) sensor is a potentiometer that provides a signal to the PCM that is directly proportional to the throttle plates position. The TP sensor is mounted on the side of the throttle body and is connected to the throttle plate shaft. The TP sensor monitors the throttle plate's movement and position, and transmits an appropriate electrical signal to the PCM. The PCM uses these signals to adjust the air/fuel mixture, spark timing, and EGR operation according to engine load at idle, part throttle, or full throttle. The TP sensor is not adjustable.
The TP sensor receives a 5-volt reference signal and a ground circuit from the PCM. A return signal circuit connects to a wiper that runs on a resistor internally in the sensor. The more the throttle opens the further the wiper moves along the resistor. At wide open throttle, the wiper essentially creates a loop between the reference signal and the signal return, returning the full, or nearly full 5 volt signal back to the PCM. At idle the signal return should be approximately 0.9 volts.
Removal & Installation
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Disconnect the wiring harness from the TP sensor.
- Remove the two sensor mounting screws, then pull the TP sensor off of the throttle shaft.
- Carefully slide the rotary tangs on the sensor into position over the throttle shaft, then rotate the sensor clockwise to the installed position..
- Install and tighten the sensor mounting screws to 27 inch lbs. (3 Nm).
- Connect the wiring harness to the sensor.
- If removed, install the throttle cover.
- Connect the negative battery cable.
- With the engine OFF and the ignition ON , check the voltage at the signal return circuit of the TP sensor by carefully backprobing the connector using a DVOM.
- Voltage should be between 0.2 and 1.4 volts at idle.
- Slowly move the throttle pulley to the wide-open throttle (WOT) position and watch the voltage on the DVOM. The voltage should slowly rise to slightly less than 4.8v at Wide Open Throttle (WOT).
- If no voltage is present, check the wiring harness for supply voltage (5.0v) and ground (0.3v or less), by referring to your corresponding wiring guide. If supply voltage and ground are present, but no output voltage from TP, replace the TP sensor. If supply voltage and ground do not meet specifications, make necessary repairs to the harness or PCM.