Toyota Camry 1983-1996 Repair Guide

MacPherson Struts

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



1983-86 Models

See Figure 1

  1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands placed under the frame pads.
  2.  
  3. Remove the front wheels.
  4.  
  5. Using a line nut wrench, disconnect the brake tube and flexible hose from the clamp. Drain the brake fluid into a plastic container.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: View of the front shock absorber assembly and related components-1983 models

  1. Using needle nose pliers, remove the two clips and E-rings from the brake tube support bracket.
  2.  
  3. Remove the two retaining bolts and separate the brake pad from the brake caliper.
  4.  

Do not disconnect the brake hose from the caliper.

  1. Matchmark the shock absorber lower mounting bracket with the camber adjusting cam.
  2.  
  3. Remove the nuts and bolts and disconnect the steering knuckle and the shock absorber.
  4.  
  5. Remove the three bolts from the top of the suspension support.
  6.  
  7. Remove the shock absorber from the body.
  8.  

Cover the driveshaft boot with a cloth to prevent damage.

To install:
  1. Position the shock absorber onto the body and install the three nuts. Tighten the nuts to 27 ft. lbs. (36 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Coat the threads of the steering knuckle retaining nuts with clean engine oil.
  4.  
  5. Connect the steering knuckle to the shock absorber lower bracket. Insert the mounting bolts from the rear side and align the matchmarks made on the camber adjusting cam. Tighten the nuts to 157 ft. lbs. (213 Nm).
  6.  
  7. There is a bearing located under the suspension support dust cover. Remove the dust cover and pack the bearing with multi-purpose grease. Once packed, reinstall the dust cover.
  8.  
  9. Install the brake caliper and tighten the retaining bolts to 65 ft. lbs. (88 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the two clips and E-rings.
  12.  
  13. Connect the brake tube to the flexible hose.
  14.  
  15. Bleed the brake lines as described in Brakes .
  16.  
  17. Have the front wheel alignment checked.
  18.  

1987-88 Models

See Figure 2

  1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands placed under the frame pads.
  2.  
  3. Remove the front wheels.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: View of the front shock absorber assembly and related components-1988 models

  1. Disconnect the brake from the caliper by removing the union bolt from the banjo fitting. Drain the brake fluid into a plastic container.
  2.  

The union bolt uses gaskets to seal the bolt to the caliper. Discard the bolt gaskets and purchase new ones.

  1. Using needle nose pliers, remove the clip from the brake tube support bracket.
  2.  
  3. Pull the brake hose from the support bracket.
  4.  
  5. Matchmark the shock absorber lower mounting bracket with the camber adjusting cam.
  6.  
  7. Remove the nuts and bolts and disconnect the steering knuckle and the shock absorber.
  8.  
  9. Remove the three bolts from the top of the suspension support.
  10.  
  11. Remove the shock absorber from the body.
  12.  

Cover the driveshaft boot with a cloth to prevent damage.

To install:
  1. Position the shock absorber onto the body and install the three nuts. Tighten the nuts to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Coat the threads of the steering knuckle retaining nuts with clean engine oil.
  4.  
  5. Attach the steering knuckle to the shock absorber lower bracket. Insert the mounting bolts from the rear side and align the matchmarks made on the camber adjusting cam. Tighten the nuts to 166 ft. lbs. (224 Nm).
  6.  
  7. There is a bearing located under the suspension support dust cover. Remove the dust cover and pack the bearing with multi-purpose grease. Once packed, reinstall the dust cover.
  8.  
  9. Route the brake hose through the bracket and secure with the clip.
  10.  
  11. Connect the brake hose with the union bolt and new gaskets to the brake caliper. Tighten the union bolt to 22 ft. lbs. (29 Nm).
  12.  

When connecting the brake hose banjo fitting to the caliper, make sure that the peg on the brake hose fitting aligns with the locating hole on the caliper.

  1. Install the hose clip.
  2.  
  3. Bleed the brake lines as described in Brakes .
  4.  
  5. Align the front suspension.
  6.  

1989-96 Models

See Figures 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11



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Fig. Fig. 3: View of the front shock absorber assembly and related components-1992-94 models



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Fig. Fig. 4: View of the front shock absorber assembly and related components-1995-96 models



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Fig. Fig. 5: View of the front shock absorber assembly lower mounting bolt locations

  1. Remove the hubcap and loosen the lug nuts.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  

Do not support the weight of the vehicle on the suspension arm; the arm will deform under its weight.

  1. Unfasten the lug nuts and remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the brake hose and the ABS speed sensor wire from the shock absorber.
  4.  
  5. Matchmark on the shock absorber lower bracket and camber adjust cam, if equipped. Remove the 2 bolts and nuts which attach the shock absorber lower end to the steering knuckle lower arm.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 6: Unbolt and set aside the brake hose attached to the strut



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Fig. Fig. 7: Remove the two strut mounting bolts



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Fig. Fig. 8: A long bolt and nut retain the lower portion of the strut assembly



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Fig. Fig. 9: Lower the vehicle and remove the three upper bearing support nuts on the strut tower



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Fig. Fig. 10: With the aide of a helper, remove the strut from the under side of the vehicle



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Fig. Fig. 11: Never open the strut assembly, a warning label is posted on the component

  1. Remove the 3 nuts which secure the upper shock absorber mounting plate to the top of the wheel arch and remove the shock absorber with coil spring.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Align the hole in the upper suspension support with the shock absorber piston or end, so they fit properly.
  2.  
  3. Always use a new nut and nylon washer on the shock absorber piston rod end when securing it to the upper suspension support. Tighten the nut to 29-40 ft. lbs. (39-54 Nm).
  4.  

Do not use an impact wrench to tighten the nut.

  1. Coat the suspension support bearing with multipurpose grease prior to installation. Pack the space in the upper support with multipurpose grease, also, after installation.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the 3 suspension support-to-wheel arch nuts to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm). On 1992-96 models tighten to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Tighten the shock absorber-to-steering knuckle arm bolts to 224 ft. lbs. (304 Nm) on 1989-91 models and 156 ft. lbs. (211 Nm) on 1992-96 models.
  6.  
  7. Install the ABS speed sensor and the brake hose to the shock absorber, if equipped.
  8.  
  9. Install the front tire and wheel assembly. Have the front wheel alignment checked.
  10.  

OVERHAUL



Refer to the Coil Spring Removal and Installation procedure earlier in this section.

 
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