Toyota Camry 1983-1996 Repair Guide

Power Steering Gear

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Except 4WD
1983-93 MODELS

See Figure 1

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the front wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cotter pin and nut holding the knuckle arm to the tie rod end. Using a tie rod puller, disconnect the tie rod end from the knuckle arm.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Remove the nut and pull the end from the knuckle

  1. On some engines it is necessary to remove the lower crossmember, remove the engine under cover, center engine mount member and the rear engine mount.
  2.  
  3. On 1983-86 vehicles equipped with manual transaxle, remove the four retaining clips and disconnect the two control cables from the transaxle.
  4.  
  5. Using SST No. 09631-22020 or equivalent, disconnect the return line and the pressure line from the control valve housing. Use a small plastic container to catch the fluid.
  6.  
  7. Remove the rear engine mounting and bracket as required.
  8.  
  9. Remove the steering gear housing brackets. Slide the gear housing to the right side and then to the left side to remove the housing.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Install the grommets to the gear housing.
  2.  
  3. Install the steering gear onto the body and support by hand.
  4.  
  5. On 1983-86 vehicles, install the left mounting bracket so that the flat surface is facing upward (paint mark on left side of the bracket down). On 1987-93 vehicles, install the brackets in the same way they were removed. Install the nuts and bolts and tighten them to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the rear engine mounting bracket and tighten the retaining bolts to 38 ft. lbs. (52 Nm).
  8.  
  9. On 1983-86 vehicles, connect the mounting to the bracket and tighten the bolts to 58 ft. lbs. (78 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the center member with the mounting bolts. Tighten the body mount bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm) and the engine mount bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
  12.  
  13. On 1987-88 vehicles, install the lower crossmember and tighten the outer bolts to 129 ft. lbs. (174 Nm), inner bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm) and install the engine under covers. On 1992-93 vehicles, install the lower cross member and tighten the outer bolts to 153 ft. lbs. (207 Nm).
  14.  
  15. Connect the pressure and return lines and tighten the connector nuts to 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Install the universal joint and tighten the retaining bolts to 26-33 ft. lbs. (35-44 Nm).
  18.  
  19. Connect the tie rods to the steering knuckle with the castellated nut. Tighten the nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm) and install a new cotter pin. The prongs of the cotter pin should be firmly wrapped around the flats of the nut.
  20.  
  21. On 1983-86 vehicles, connect the transaxle control cables.
  22.  
  23. Install the front wheels and lower the vehicle.
  24.  
  25. Fill the power steering reservoir tank to the proper level with Dexron®II or III ATF.
  26.  
  27. Bleed the system as described in this Section.
  28.  
  29. Check for leaks, adjust the toe-in and check the steering wheel center point.
  30.  

1994-96 MODELS

See Figures 2 and 3

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Wait at least 90 seconds before working on the vehicle to allow the SRS system to disarm.
  2.  


CAUTION
Some models covered by this guidemay be equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), which uses an air bag. Whenever working near any of the SRS components, such as the impact sensors, the air bag module, steering column and instrument panel, disable the SRS, as described in Chassis Electrical .



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Exploded view of the power steering gear and related components-1994-96 models

  1. Remove the right and left side fender apron seals.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the right and left tie rod ends.
  4.  
  5. Place matrchmarks on the intermediate shaft and control valve set. Loosen the two bolts A and B. Remove bolt A and side the shaft out from under the vehicle.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Location of bolts A and B on the intermediate shaft-1994-96 models

  1. Disconnect the power steering line clamp.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the pressure and feed lines.
  4.  
  5. Unbolt the stabilizer bar, but do not remove it.
  6.  
  7. On the 1MZ-FE engine, remove the heated oxygen sensor.
  8.  
  9. Lift up the stabilizer bar and remove the 2 gear assembly set bolts and nuts. Remove the gear assembly from the left side of the vehicle.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Install the gear assembly from the left side of the vehicle. Be careful not to damage the power steering lines. Lift the stabilizer bar and install the set bolts. Tighten the 2 set bolts and nuts to 134 ft. lbs. (181 Nm).
  2.  
  3. On the 1MZ-FE engine, install the heated oxygen sensor.
  4.  
  5. Position the stabilizer bar and tighten the bolt to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm) and the nut to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Attach the pressure and feed return lines. Tighten them to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
  8.  

Use a torque wrench with a fulcrum length of 11.81 inch (300mm).

  1. Connect the clamp to the lines and tighten the nut to 7 ft. lbs. 910 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the intermediate shaft. Make sure to align the matchmarks on the joint and main shaft. Tighten to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod ends.
  6.  
  7. Install the fender apron seals and securely tighten the bolts.
  8.  
  9. Remove the steering wheel pad. Be cautious of the SRS system, refer to Chassis Electrical .
  10.  
  11. Remove the steering wheel. Refer to Steering Wheel Removal and Installation procedure.
  12.  

When removing the steering wheel for this procedure, there is no reason to apply matchmarks.

  1. Positon the front wheels facing straight ahead. Do this with the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Center the spiral cable.
  4.  
  5. Install the steering wheel at the straight ahead position. Temporarily tighten the wheel set nut. Attach the wiring.
  6.  
  7. Bleed the power steering system.
  8.  
  9. Check the steering wheel center point. Tighten the steering nut to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Check the front wheel alignment.
  12.  

4WD

See Figure 4

  1. Loosen the front wheel lug nuts. Raise the front of the vehicle and support the body with safety stands. Remove the front wheels.
  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Exploded view of the common 4WD power steering gear assembly and related components

  1. Matchmark the universal joint with the control valve shaft. Loosen the upper U-joint set bolt and remove the lower bolt. Pull the U-joint upward from the control valve shaft.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cotter pin and nut holding the knuckle arm to the tie rod end. Using a tie rod puller, disconnect the tie rod end from the knuckle arm.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the speedometer cable. Removal of the front exhaust pipe is required on some models.
  6.  
  7. Using SST No. 09631-22020 or equivalent flare nut wrench, disconnect the return line and the pressure line from the control valve housing. Use a small plastic container to catch the fluid.
  8.  
  9. Matchmark the driveshaft to the intermediate shaft flange. Remove the flange bolts, separate the flanges and pull the prop shaft out. Install SST No. 09325-20010 into the intermediate shaft.
  10.  
  11. If more clearance is required to remove the gear, jack up the front of the engine carefully. DO NOT over-tilt the engine.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the steering gear support brackets. Slide the gear housing to the right to position the left tie rod end in the body panel. Then, pull the steering gear assembly through the opening in the left lower side of the vehicle body.
  14.  


CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the pressure tubes and transaxle control cables.

  1. Remove the gear housing grommets.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Install the grommets to the gear housing.
  2.  
  3. Install the steering gear onto the body and tighten the mounting bracket bolts and nuts to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the drive shaft making sure to align the matchmarks. Tighten the bolts to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Connect the return line and the pressure line to the control valve housing and tighten the line union nuts to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect the tie rod end to the knuckle arm and tighten to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm) Install new cotter pin.
  10.  

Align the matchmark on the universal joint and the control valve shaft. Push the U-joint downward onto the control valve shaft. Tighten the bolt to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).

  1. Install the front wheels onto the vehicle.
  2.  

 
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