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    Toyota Camry 1983-1996 Repair Guide

    Power Steering Pump

    Print

    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    1983-86 Models
    1. Remove the cap from the power steering reservoir tank and remove as much fluid as possible using a syringe such as a turkey baster. Have a coffee can or small plastic container ready to collect the fluid.
    2.  
    3. On the 1983 and on all gasoline models, disconnect the pressure line hose from the pipe extension. Remove the union seat from the pressure hose. On diesel models, remove the union bolt with the two gaskets and disconnect the hose from the pump. Drain the hose into a container.
    4.  
    5. Loosen the hose clamp and pull the return line hose from its connection. Drain the hose.
    6.  

    Tie the hose ends up high, so that the fluid cannot flow out of them. Drain or plug the pump to prevent fluid leakage.

    1. On the 1983 and all diesel models, raise the front of the vehicle and support it safely; disconnect the vacuum hoses from the bottom of the pump.
    2.  
    3. On gasoline models, remove the power steering pump drive belt.
    4.  
    5. On diesel models, unfasten the nut from the center of the pump pulley (use the drive belt as a brake to keep the pulley from rotating), withdraw the drive belt, remove the pulley and the woodruff key from the pump shaft.
    6.  
    7. Remove the bolt from the rear mounting brace. Remove the front bracket bolts and withdraw the pump.
    8.  
    9. On gasoline models, disconnect the pressure line hose from the pump.
    10.  

    To install:
    1. If any gasket or seals were removed, discard them and purchase new ones.
    2.  
    3. On gasoline models, install the pressure line hose with new gaskets by aligning the tip of the plate with the pump housing. Tighten the union bolt to 34 ft. lbs. (46 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Position the pump onto the mounting bracket and temporarily install the mounting bolt(s). On diesel models, tighten the three mounting bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm) at this time.
    6.  
    7. On diesel vehicles, place the key in the pump shaft keyway, install the drive pulley and belt, push down on the drive belt to hold the pulley still and tighten the pulley nut to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Adjust the drive belt tension.
    10.  
    11. On diesel models, connect the vacuum hoses and tighten the clamps.
    12.  
    13. Push the return hose onto it's fitting and secure it with the clamp. On diesel models, connect the pressure line union nuts and tighten them to 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm). On diesel vehicles, connect the pressure line with the union bolt and two new gaskets.
    14.  
    15. Fill the reservoir tank to the proper level with Dexron®III ATF.
    16.  
    17. Bleed the system as described in this Section.
    18.  
    19. Check for all connections and hoses for leaks.
    20.  

    1987-88 Models
    1. Loosen the right wheel lug nuts, raise the vehicle and support it safely.
    2.  
    3. Remove the right front wheel.
    4.  
    5. Unbolt and remove the lower crossmember.
    6.  
    7. Disconnect the vacuum hose from the air control valve.
    8.  
    9. Loosen the clamp on the return hose and pull the hose from it's connection.
    10.  
    11. Remove the union bolt with the two gaskets and disconnect the return hose from the pump.
    12.  
    13. Loosen the two mounting bolts and push the pump downward until you can remove the drive belt from the pulley. Remove the bolts completely and remove the pump.
    14.  

    To install:
    1. Connect the pump to the mounting bracket temporarily with the two bolts and slip the drive belt over the pulley. Adjust the drive belt tension and tighten the bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Connect the pressure tube to the pump with two new gaskets. Tighten the union bolt to 38 ft. lbs. (52 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Connect the return hose to the pump and tighten the clamp.
    6.  
    7. Connect the vacuum hose to the air control valve.
    8.  
    9. Install the cross member. Tighten the center bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm) and the outer bolts to 153 ft. lbs. (207 Nm).
    10.  
    11. Install the right front wheel and lower the vehicle.
    12.  
    13. Fill the reservoir tank to the proper level with Dexron®II ATF.
    14.  
    15. Bleed the system as described in this Section.
    16.  
    17. Check for all connections and hoses for leaks.
    18.  

    1989-92 Models

    See Figure 1

    1. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the fan shroud.
    2.  
    3. Remove the right front wheel and the engine under cover. Remove the lower suspension crossmember.
    4.  
    5. Unfasten the nut from the center of the pump pulley. Disconnect the vacuum hose from the air control valve, if equipped.
    6.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the power steering pump assembly and related components-1989-92 models

    Use the drive belt as a brake to keep the pulley from rotating.

    1. Withdraw the drive belt. On vehicles with diesel pump, it will be necessary to disconnect the right tie rod from the steering knuckle.
    2.  
    3. If equipped with an idler pulley, push on the drive belt to hold the pulley in place and remove the pulley set nut. Loosen the idler pulley set nut and adjusting bolt. Remove the drive belt and loosen the drive pulley to remove the Woodruff key.
    4.  
    5. Remove the pulley and the Woodruff key from the pump shaft.
    6.  
    7. Detach and plug the intake and outlet hoses from the pump reservoir.
    8.  

    Tie the hose ends up high so the fluid cannot flow out of them. Drain or plug the pump to prevent fluid leakage.

    1. Remove the bolt from the rear mounting brace.
    2.  
    3. Remove the front bracket bolts and withdraw the pump from the lower side of the vehicle.
    4.  

    To install:
    1. Tighten the pump pulley mounting bolt to 25-39 ft. lbs. (34-53 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Tighten the 5 outer mounting bolts on the lower crossmember to 154 ft. lbs. (209 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Adjust the pump drive belt tension. The belt should deflect 0.130.93 inch (3.323.6mm) under thumb pressure applied midway between the air pump and the power steering pump.
    6.  
    7. Fill the reservoir with Dexron®II automatic transmission fluid. Bleed the air from the system.
    8.  

    1993-96 Models

    See Figure 2

    1. Remove the left and right front apron seals.
    2.  
    3. Dsiconnect the return line. Be careful not to spill fluid on the belt.
    4.  
    5. Disocnnect the pressure feed line. Remove the union bolt and gasket.
    6.  



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 2: Exploded view of the power steering pump and related components-1993-96 models

    1. On the 5S-FE engines, label and disconnect the vacuum hoses from the pump.
    2.  
    3. Loosen the adjustment bolts and remove the belt.
    4.  
    5. Loosne the upper bolt enough so that the lower bolt can be removed. The upper bolt can not be removed.
    6.  

    To install:

    Install the pump and temporarily tighten the 2 bolts.

    1. Install the drive belt and adjust the tension. Tighten the bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
    2.  
    3. On the 5S-FE engine, connect the vacuum lines removed to there proper locations.
    4.  
    5. Attach the pressure feed line. Make sure a new gasket is used. The stopper of the line must be touching the front bracket, then tighten the bolt to 38 ft. lbs. (51 Nm).
    6.  
    7. Connect the return line.
    8.  
    9. Install the fender apron seals securely.
    10.  
    11. Blled the power steering system.
    12.  

    BLEEDING



    1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
    2.  
    3. Fill the pump reservoir with the proper fluid.
    4.  
    5. Rotate the steering wheel from lock-to-lock several times. Add fluid if necessary.
    6.  
    7. With the steering wheel turned fully to one lock, crank the starter while watching the fluid level in the reservoir.
    8.  

    Do not start the engine. Operate the starter with a remote starter switch or have an assistant do it from inside the vehicle. Do not run the starter for prolonged periods.

    1. Repeat Step 4 with the steering wheel turned to the opposite lock.
    2.  
    3. Start the engine. With the engine idling, turn the steering wheel from lock-to-lock several times.
    4.  
    5. Lower the front of the vehicle and repeat the previous step.
    6.  
    7. Center the wheel at the midpoint of its travel. Stop the engine.
    8.  
    9. The fluid level should not have risen more than 0.2 inch (5mm). If it does, repeat Step 7.
    10.  
    11. Check for fluid leakage.
    12.  

     
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