Toyota Camry and Avalon 1997-2000

Starter

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TESTING

WARNING
This test must be performed within 3 to 5 seconds to avoid burning out the coil.

Pull-in

Disconnect the field coil lead from the terminal C. Connect the battery to the solenoid switch as shown. See if the clutch pinion gear movement is outward. If the gear does not move perform the hold-in test.



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Fig. Pull-in test terminal connections

Hold-in

Attach the battery to the starter as shown and with the clutch pinion gear out, disconnect the negative lead from terminal C. Check to make sure the pinion gear stays in the outward position. If the clutch gear returns inwards, perform the clutch pinion gear return test.



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Fig. Hold-in test terminal connections

Clutch Pinion Gear Return

Disconnect the negative lead from the solenoid body. Check the clutch pinion gear returns inward. If not perform the no-load test.



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Fig. Clutch pinion gear return terminal connections

No-load

Attach a battery and ammeter to the starter. Check that the starter rotates smoothly and steadily with the pinion gear moving out. Check the ammeter shows the correct current. 90 amps or less at 11.5 volts on gasoline engines. If not replace the starter.



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Fig. No-load terminal connections

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
  1. Disconnect the cable from the negative terminal of the battery.
  2.  



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Fig. Exploded view of the starter motor mounting-5S-FE engine shown, others similar

  1. On some early models with cruise control, you may have to remove the battery.
  2.  



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Fig. Disconnect the negative battery cable ALWAYS first



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Fig. One the cables are removed, take time to clean the terminals



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Fig. Remove the battery hold-down . . .



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Fig. . . . then lift the battery from the engine compartment

  1. Also on some models with cruise control, remove the actuator cover and disconnect the wiring harness. Remove the three bolts and then lift out the cruise control actuator. Remove the bracket from beneath the actuator and put aside.
  2.  



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Fig. Lift the cruise control, actuator cover off



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Fig. To remove the assembly, loosen these bolts . . .



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Fig. . . . and lift the actuator out of the engine compartment

  1. Peel the rubber boot away and remove the nut and disconnect the negative battery cable from the magnetic switch terminal on the starter. Disconnect the electrical connector also located on the magnetic switch.
  2.  



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Fig. Remove the rubber boot and the nut retaining the starter wiring

  1. Support the starter by hand and remove the two mounting bolts.
  2.