Toyota Celica 1994-1998 Repair Guide

Diagnosis and Testing

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SYSTEM PRECAUTIONS





Certain components within the ABS system are not intended to be serviced or repaired. Only those components with service procedures should be repaired.
 
Do not use rubber hoses or other parts not specifically specified for the ABS system. When using repair kits, replace all parts included in the kit. Partial or incorrect repair may lead to functional problems and require the replacement of components.
 
Lubricate rubber parts with clean, fresh brake fluid to ease assembly. Do not use lubricated shop air to clean parts; damage to rubber components may result.
 
Use only DOT 3 brake fluid from an unopened container.
 
If any hydraulic component or line is removed or replaced, it may be necessary to bleed the entire system.
 
A clean repair area is essential. Always clean the reservoir and cap thoroughly before removing the cap. The slightest amount of dirt in the fluid may plug an orifice and impair the system function. Use denatured alcohol to clean components.
 
Do not allow ABS components to come into contact with any substance containing mineral oil; this includes used shop rags.
 
The ABS ECU is a microprocessor similar to other computer units in the vehicle. Ensure that the ignition switch is OFF before removing or installing controller harnesses. Avoid static electricity discharge at or near the controller.
 
If any arc welding is to be done on the vehicle, the ABS controller should be disconnected before welding operations begin.
 
If the vehicle is to be baked after paint repairs, disconnect and remove the ABS ECU from the vehicle.
 

DEPRESSURIZING THE SYSTEM



The system operates on low hydraulic pressure and requires no special system depressurization prior to the opening of hydraulic lines or other system repairs. Simply verify the ignition switch is OFF and pump/motor is not running.

DIAGNOSTIC CODES



If a malfunction occurs, the system will identify the problem and the computer will assign and store a fault code for the fault(s). The dashboard warning lamp will be illuminated to inform the driver that a fault has been found.

During diagnostics, the system will transmit the stored code(s) by flashing the dashboard warning lamp. If two or more codes are stored, they will be displayed from lowest number to highest, regardless of the order of occurrence. The system does not display the diagnostic codes while the vehicle is running.

INITIAL CHECKS



Visual Inspection

Before diagnosing an apparent ABS problem, make absolutely certain that the normal braking system is in correct working order. Many common brake problems (dragging parking brake, seepage, etc.) will affect the ABS system. A visual check of specific system components may reveal problems creating an apparent ABS malfunction. Performing this inspection may reveal a simple failure, thus eliminating extended diagnostic time.

Also check battery condition; approximately 12 volts is required to operate the system. Turn the ignition switch ON and check that the dashboard warning lamp (ABS) comes on for 3-4 seconds. If the lamp does not come on, repair the fuse, bulb or wiring.

  1. Inspect the tire pressures; they must be approximately equal for the system to operate correctly.
  2.  
  3. Inspect the brake fluid level in the reservoir.
  4.  
  5. Inspect brake lines, hoses, master cylinder assembly, brake calipers and cylinders for leakage.
  6.  
  7. Visually check brake lines and hoses for excessive wear, heat damage, punctures, contact with other parts, missing clips or holders, blockage or crimped.
  8.  
  9. Check the calipers or wheel cylinders for rust or corrosion. Check for proper sliding action if applicable.
  10.  
  11. Check the caliper and wheel cylinder pistons for freedom of motion during application and release.
  12.  
  13. Inspect the wheel speed sensors for proper mounting and connections.
  14.  
  15. Inspect the sensor wheels for broken teeth or poor mounting.
  16.  
  17. Inspect the wheels and tires on the vehicle. They must be of the same size and type to generate accurate speed signals.
  18.  
  19. Confirm the fault occurrence with the operator. Certain driver induced faults, such as not releasing the parking brake fully, will set a fault code and trigger the dash warning light(s). Excessive wheel spin on low-traction surfaces, high speed acceleration or riding the brake pedal may also set fault codes and trigger a warning lamp. These induced faults are not system failures but examples of vehicle performance outside the parameters of the control unit.
  20.  
  21. Many system shut-downs are due to loss of sensor signals to or from the controller. The most common cause is not a failed sensor but a loose, corroded or dirty connector. Incorrect adjustment of the wheel speed sensor will cause a loss of wheel speed signal. Check harness and component connectors carefully.
  22.  

DATA LINK CONNECTORS (DLC)



The DLC1 is located in the engine compartment. The DLC3 is located in the lower portion of the dash on the driver's side.

READING CODES



See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4

  1. Make sure the battery voltage is about 12 volts.
  2.  
  3. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
  4.  
  5. Check that the ABS warning light illuminates for about 3 seconds. If not, inspect and repair or replace the fuse, bulb or wiring harness.
  6.  
  7. Remove the short pin from the DLC1.
  8.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: A short pin is located in the DLC1 for testing the ABS system

  1. Using a jumper wire connect terminals Tc to E1 of the DLC1.
  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: DLC1 terminals identification for testing the ABS system

  1. Turn the ignition switch ON .
  2.  
  3. In the event that there is a malfunction, 4 seconds later the warning light will begin to blink. Read the number of blinks.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Example of the blinking patterns for normal codes and codes 11 and 21

The first number of blinks will equal the first digit of as two digit code. After a 1.5 second pause, the 2nd number of blinks will equal the 2nd number of the two digit code. If there are more than two or more codes, there will be a 2.5 second pause between codes. The indication will begin after a 4.0 second pause from the smaller value and continue in order to larger.

  1. If the system is operating normally with no malfunctions, the warning light will blink once every 0.5 seconds.
  2.  
  3. Repair the system.
  4.  
  5. After the malfunction occurs, and components have been repaired, clear the codes stored in the ECM.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: ABS diagnostic trouble code chart

CLEARING TROUBLE CODES



  1. Using a jumper wire, connect terminals Tc and E1 of the DLC1 and remove the short pin.
  2.  
  3. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
  4.  
  5. Depress the brake pedal 8 or more times within 3 seconds.
  6.  
  7. Cheek that the warning light shows a normal code.
  8.  
  9. Remove the jumper wire and connect the short pin.
  10.  

Cancellation can also be done by removing the ECU-B fuse, but in this case, other memory systems will be canceled out.

 
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