Toyota Celica 1994-1998 Repair Guide

Alternator

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TESTING



See Figure 1

A voltmeter and ammeter are necessary for testing.

  1. Make sure the battery terminals are not loose or corroded. Check the fusible link for continuity.
  2.  
  3. Inspect the drive belt for excessive wear. Check the drive belt tension. If necessary adjust the drive belt.
  4.  
  5. Check the fusible link, H-fuses, M-fuses, and fuses for continuity.
  6.  
  7. Visually check alternator wiring and listen for abnormal noises.
  8.  
  9. Check that the discharge warning light comes ON when the ignition switch is turned ON . Start the engine. Check that the warning light goes out.
  10.  
  11. Check the charging circuit WITHOUT A LOAD.
    1. Disconnect the wire from terminal B of the alternator and attach it to the negative lead of the ammeter.
    2.  
    3. Connect the positive lead of the ammeter to terminal B of the alternator.
    4.  
    5. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to terminal B of the alternator.
    6.  
    7. Ground the negative lead of the voltmeter.
    8.  
    9. To check the charging circuit, run the engine from idle to 2000 rpms and check the reading on the ammeter and voltmeter. Standard amperage is 10 amps or less. Standard voltage is as follows:

      77°F (25°C)-14.0-15.0 volts
       
      239°F (115°C)-13.5-14.3 volts
       

    10.  
    11. If the voltmeter reading is more than standard voltage, replace the voltage regulator. If the voltmeter reading is less than standard, check the alternator.
    12.  

  12.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Connections of components when checking the charging circuit without a load

  1. Check the charging circuit WITH A LOAD.
    1. With the engine running at 2000 rpm, turn on high beams and heater fan to HI.
    2.  
    3. Check the standard amperage, it should be 30 amps or more. If the ammeter is less than standard, replace the alternator.
    4.  

  2.  
  3. Replace the necessary parts. Recheck the charging system.
  4.  

If a battery is fully charged, sometimes the indication will be less than 30 amps.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 2 through 15

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. On some models it is necessary to remove the fuse/relay block located near the alternator.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Lift up the fuse/relay block and set aside



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Fig. Fig. 3: Unbolt and remove the retaining bracket for the fuse/relay bracket

  1. Loosen the adjusting lock bolt, adjusting bolt and pivot bolt.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: Loosen the adjusting lock bolt ...



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Fig. Fig. 5: ... the adjusting bolt ...



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Fig. Fig. 6: ... and pivot bolt

  1. Remove the drive belt.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: Next, pull the alternator aside far enough to ...



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Fig. Fig. 8: ... slip the drive belt off the pulley

  1. Label and disconnect the wire from the 2 clamps on the alternator.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the alternator wiring.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 9: Disconnect any wiring from the alternator and loosen any clamps



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Fig. Fig. 10: Disconnect the wiring at the back of the alternator

  1. Remove rubber cap and nut, then detach the alternator wire.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 11: Lift the rubber cap and ...



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Fig. Fig. 12: ... remove the nut and wire

  1. Remove the adjusting lock bolt, pivot bolt and nut, then extract the alternator.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 13: Take the lower and ...



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Fig. Fig. 14: ... upper bolts off of the alternator



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Fig. Fig. 15: Extract the alternator from the engine

To install:
  1. Attach the alternator with the pivot bolt, nut and adjusting lock bolt. Do not tighten the drive belt at this time.
  2.  
  3. Install the drive belt with the pivot bolt, adjusting lock bolt and adjusting bolt.
  4.  
  5. Adjust the drive belt.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the pivot bolt and adjusting bolts:

    5S-FE engine-Pivot bolt-40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm)
     
    Adjusting bolt-14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm)
     
    7A-FE engine-Pivot bolt-45 ft. lbs. (61 Nm)
     
    Adjusting bolt-14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm)
     

  8.  
  9. Connect the alternator wiring.
  10.  
  11. Attach the alternator wire with the nut and rubber cap.
  12.  
  13. Install the wire to the clamp on the rear end cover.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable.
  16.  
  17. Inspect all electrical connections.
  18.  

 
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