Toyota Celica 1994-1998 Repair Guide

MacPherson Struts

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4

  1. On the coupe models, remove the rear seat and package trim tray.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the rear lug nuts. Raise and support the vehicle and remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the ABS speed sensor wiring harness and remove the brake hose from the shock absorber.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: View of the rear shock with coil spring assembly and related axle components



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Fig. Fig. 2: The strut is retained by bolts on each end of the assembly

  1. Disconnect the stabilizer link from the shock.
  2.  

If the ball joint stud turns together with the nut, use a hexagon wrench to hold the stud.

  1. Loosen the nuts on the lower side of the shock, and do not remove the bolts.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Loosen the two nuts on the lower portion of the rear shock

  1. Support the rear axle carrier with a jack.
  2.  
  3. On liftback models, remove the service hole cover and remove the 3 suspension support nuts.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Rear upper shock mounting nut locations

  1. Lower the rear axle carrier and remove the 2 bolts.
  2.  
  3. Remove the shock and coil spring.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Reinsert the shock and coil assembly into the vehicle. On the liftback, tighten the 3 support nuts to 29 ft. lbs.
  2.  

(39 Nm). Tighten the nuts on the lower side of the shock to 188 ft. lbs. (255 Nm).

  1. Install the stabilizer bar link, refer to the procedure earlier in this section.
  2.  
  3. Connect the brake hose and tighten the bolt to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm) On models with ABS, tighten the wire bolt to 44 inch lbs. (5 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the rear wheel, lower the vehicle and tighten the lug nuts to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
  6.  
  7. On coupe models, install the rear seat and package tray.
  8.  

OVERHAUL



See Figures 5 and 6

  1. Remove the shock and coil spring.
  2.  
  3. Install 2 nuts and a bolt to the bracket at the lower portion of the shock and secure it in a vise.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Install two nuts and a bolt to the bracket at the lower part of the shock and secure in a vise to disassemble

  1. Use a spring compressor and compress the coil, spring.
  2.  

Do not use an impact wrench, it will damage the compressor tool.

  1. Using a retaining tool to hold the suspension support, remove the nut.
  2.  
  3. Remove the following:

    Collar and suspension support
     
    Coil spring
     
    Dust cover
     
    Spring bumper
     
    Lower insulator
     

  4.  

To install:
  1. Install the lower coil spring insulator onto the shock.
  2.  

Fit the gap of the lower coil spring insulator.

  1. Install the spring bumper on the piston rod.
  2.  
  3. Compress the coil spring and install it on the shock. Fit the lower end of the spring into the gap of the lower spring insulator.
  4.  
  5. Install the dust cover and suspension support to the piston rod.
    1. Install the collar.
    2.  
    3. Use a retaining tool to hold the suspension support, then install a new nut. Tighten the nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Rotate the suspension support and set it in the direction with the paint mark facing outwards.
    6.  
    7. Remove the compressor tool from the spring and shock assembly. After removing the tool, recheck the direction of the support.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Fig. 6: Rotate the suspension support and set it in the direction with the paint mark facing outwards

    8.  

  6.  
  7. Reinsert the shock and coil assembly into the vehicle. On the liftback, tighten the 3 support nuts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm). Tighten the nuts on the lower side of the shock to 188 ft. lbs. (255 Nm).
  8.  

 
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