Toyota Celica 1994-1998 Repair Guide

Power Steering Pump

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



5S-FE Engine

See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

  1. Remove the right side engine undercover.
  2.  
  3. On models with ABS, disconnect the speed sensor wiring harness clamp.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: View of the components needed to be removed when working on the power steering pump-5S-FE engine

  1. Remove the right side driveshaft.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect and labile the two vacuum hoses on the pump. Do not allow fluid to spill on the drive belt.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the return hose.
  6.  
  7. Remove the drive belt.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Loosen these two bolts to remove the drive belt

  1. Remove the 2 tube clamp bracket set bolts on the feed tube.
    1. Remove the tube clamp bracket and grommets from the tube.
    2.  
    3. Loosen the union and separate the tube from the pump.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Fig. 3: Disconnecting the pressure feed line from the pump

    4.  

  2.  
  3. Unbolt the pump and extract the pump with bracket.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: Remove these bolts retain the pump and pressure feed tube

  1. Remove the pressure feed tube.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Attach the pressure feed tube to the pump, be sure to install the gasket. tighten the union bolt to 38 ft. lbs. (52 Nm). Make sure the stopper of the pressure feed tube is touching the tube, then tighten the bolt.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: Position the pressure feed line so that the stopper is touching the tube, then tighten

  1. Temporarily install the brackets to the pump and position the assembly on the vehicle. tighten the mounting bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the 3 pressure feed tube clamp brackets and grommets. Tighten the tube clamp bracket set bolts.
  4.  
  5. Using a line wrench, attach the tube and secure. Tighten the union to 26 ft. lbs. (36 Nm).
  6.  

Use a torque wrench with a fulcrum length of 11.81 inch (300mm). this value is effective in case the tool is parallel to a torque wrench.

  1. Install the drive belt and adjust the tension. Tighten the bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the return hose and two vacuum hoses.
  4.  
  5. Install the right side driveshaft.
  6.  
  7. If removed, connect the ABS speed sensor harness clamp.
  8.  
  9. Install the engine under cover. Bleed the power steering system.
  10.  
  11. Check the ABS speed sensor signal if equipped.
  12.  

7A-FE Engine

See Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9



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Fig. Fig. 6: View of the power steering pump removal components-7A-FE engine



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Fig. Fig. 7: Remove the four bolts on the outside of the power steering pump ...

  1. Remove the right side engine under cover.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the return and feed tubes. Do not allow the fluid to spill on the drive belt.
  4.  
  5. Label and disconnect the vacuum hoses.
  6.  
  7. Unbolt and remove the power steering pump with the bracket.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 8: ... and the four bolts for the bracket

  1. Remove the bracket from the pump.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 9: Extract the bracket and pulley attached

  1. Install the components in the reverse order of removal. Tighten the 12mm pump bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (19Nm) and the 14mm bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Attach the pressure feed tube to the pump, be sure to install the gasket. tighten the union bolt to 38 ft. lbs. (52 Nm). Make sure the stopper of the pressure feed tube is touching the tube, then tighten the bolt.
  4.  
  5. Install the drive belt and adjust the tension.
  6.  
  7. Bleed the power steering system.
  8.  

BLEEDING



See Figure 10

  1. Inspect the fluid level.
  2.  
  3. Jack the front of the vehicle up and support it on jackstands. Block the rear wheels.
  4.  
  5. Turn the steering wheel slowly from lock to lock several times.
  6.  
  7. Lower the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Start the engine and run at idle for a few minuets.
  10.  
  11. While the engine is idling, turn the wheel to the left and right full lock and keep it there for about 2-3 seconds, then turn the wheel to the opposite full lock and keep it there for 2-3 seconds. Repeat this several times.
  12.  
  13. Stop the engine.
  14.  
  15. Check for foaming or emulsification. If the system has been bled twice specifically because of foaming or emulsification, check for fluid leaks in the system.
  16.  
  17. Check the fluid level.
  18.  



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Fig. Fig. 10: Check the power steering for emulsification or foaming

 
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