Toyota Celica, Corolla, ECHO & MR2 1999-05

Automatic Transaxle

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Drain, Refill & Filter Service



The automatic transaxle fluid should be changed at least every 25,000-30,000 miles (40,000-48,000 km). If the car is normally used in severe service, such as stop-and-go driving, trailer towing or the like, the interval should be halved. The fluid should be hot before it is drained; a 20 minute drive will accomplish this.

The removal of the transaxle oil pan drain plug requires the use a 10mm hex head socket.

  1. Remove the dipstick from the filler tube and install a funnel in the opening.
  2.  
  3. Position a suitable drain pan under the drain plug. Loosen the drain plug with a 10mm hex head socket and allow the fluid to drain.
  4.  



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Fig. Remove the drain plug from the bottom of the automatic transaxle pan



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Fig. Place slight pressure on the automatic drain plug as you loosen it

  1. Install and tighten the drain plug to:

    A140E-36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm)
     
    A246E-13 ft. lbs. (17 Nm)
     

  2.  



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Fig. Inspect the crush washer and plug and replace if needed

  1. Through the filler tube opening, add the proper amount of transaxle fluid as specified in the Capacities Chart.
  2.  
  3. Start the engine and shift the selector into all positions from P through L , and then shift into P . With the engine idling, check the fluid level. Add fluid up to the COOL level on the dipstick.
  4.  



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Fig. Add fluid to the transaxle ...



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Fig. ...through the dipstick tube

Do not overfill.

  1. Recheck the level at the normal operating temperature and add as necessary.
  2.  

The removal of the transaxle oil pan drain plug requires the use of Toyota special tool SST 09043-38100 or its equivalent (a 10mm hex head socket).

  1. To avoid contamination of the transaxle, thoroughly clean the exterior of the oil pan and surrounding area to remove any deposits of dirt and grease.
  2.  
  3. Position a suitable drain pan under the oil pan and remove the 10mm drain plug. Allow the oil to drain from the pan. Set the drain plug aside.
  4.  
  5. Loosen and remove all but two or four of the oil pan retaining bolts. The bolts are usually 10mm in size.
  6.  



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Fig. Leave a few bolts in the pan and allow the fluid to drain



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Fig. Slowly lower the pan

  1. Support the pan by hand and slowly remove the remaining two bolts. It may be heavy, so get in a stable position.
  2.  
  3. Carefully lower the pan to the ground. There will be some fluid still inside the pan, so be careful.
  4.  
  5. Remove the three oil strainer attaching bolts and carefully remove the strainer. The strainer will also contain some fluid.
  6.  

One of the three oil strainer bolts is slightly longer than the other two. Mark down where the longer bolt goes so that it will be reinstalled in the original position.



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Fig. To lower the filter, remove these three screws

  1. Discard the strainer. Remove the gasket from the pan and discard it.
  2.  



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Fig. The filter should be thrown away and replaced with a new one

  1. Drain the remainder of the fluid from the oil pan and wipe the pan clean with a rag. With a gasket scraper, remove any old gasket material from the flanges of the pan and the transaxle. Remove the gasket from the drain plug and replace it with a new one.
  2.  

Depending on the year and maintenance schedule of the vehicle, there may be from one to three small magnets on the bottom of the pan. These magnets were installed by the manufacturer at the time the transaxle was assembled. The magnets function to collect metal chips and filings from clutch plates, bushings and bearings that accumulate during the normal break-in process that a new transaxle experiences. So, don't be alarmed if such accumulations are present. Clean the magnets and reinstall them. They are useful tools for determining transaxle component wear.



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Fig. Scrape the old gasket and discard from the pan



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Fig. Inspect and clean the magnets in the pan

To install:

  1. Install the new oil strainer. Install and tighten the retaining bolts in their proper locations to 7 ft. lbs. (10 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the new gasket onto the oil pan making sure that the holes in the gasket are aligned evenly with those of the pan. Position the magnets so that they will not interfere with the oil tubes.
  4.  
  5. Raise the pan and gasket into position on the transaxle and install the retaining bolts. Tighten the retaining bolts in a crisscross pattern to 45 inch lbs. (5 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install and tighten the drain plug to:

    A140E-36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm)
     
    A246E-13 ft. lbs. (17 Nm)
     

  8.  
  9. Fluid is added only through the dipstick tube. Use only the proper automatic transaxle fluid; do not overfill.
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  11. Replace the dipstick after filling. Start the engine and allow it to idle. DO NOT race the engine!
  12.  
  13. After the engine has idled for a few minutes, shift the transaxle slowly through the gears and then return it to P . With the engine still idling, check the fluid level on the dipstick. If necessary, add more fluid to raise the level to where it is supposed to be.
  14.  

Fluid Recommendations



The automatic transaxle on the Celica requires DEXRON®II ATF (or its superceding fluid type).

Check the automatic transaxle fluid level at least every 15,000 miles (24,000 km). The dipstick is in engine compartment. The fluid level should be checked only when the transaxle is hot (normal operating temperature). The transaxle is considered hot after about 20 miles of highway driving.

  1. Park the car on a level surface with the engine idling. Shift the transaxle into P and set the parking brake.
  2.  



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Fig. Release the clip and pull the transaxle gauge out of the tube

  1. Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean and reinsert if firmly. Be sure that it has been pushed all the way in. Remove the dipstick and check the fluid level while holding it horizontally. All models have a HOT and a COLD side to the dipstick.

    COLD : the fluid level should fall in this range when the engine has been running for only a short time.
     
    HOT : the fluid level should fall in this range when the engine has reached normal running temperatures.
     

  2.  



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Fig. View of the automatic transaxle dipstick

  1. If the fluid level is not within the proper area on either side of the dipstick, pour ATF into the dipstick tube. This is easily done with the aid of a funnel. Check the level often as you are filling the transaxle. Be extremely careful not to overfill it. Overfilling will cause slippage, seal damage and overheating. Approximately one pint of ATF will raise the level from one notch to the other.
  2.  

Always use DEXRON®II transaxle fluid (or its superceding type) when filling your car's transaxle. The fluid on the dipstick should always be a bright red color. It if is discolored (brown or black), or smells burnt, serious transaxle troubles, probably due to internal slippage resulting in overheating, should be suspected. The transaxle should be inspected by a qualified service technician to locate the cause of the burnt fluid.

 
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