Toyota Celica, Corolla, ECHO & MR2 1999-05

Power Steering


Fluid Level Check

Check the power steering fluid level every 6 months or 6000 miles (9600 km). The power steering pump is located on the right side of the vehicle near the firewall.

  1. Make sure that the vehicle is level. If the reservoir is dirty, wipe it off.
  3. Start the engine and allow it to idle.
  5. With the engine at idle, move the steering wheel from LOCK to LOCK several times to raise the temperature of the fluid.
  7. The power steering pump reservoir is translucent, so the fluid level may be checked without removing the cap. Look through the reservoir and check for foaming or emulsification.

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Fig. View of the power steering reservoir-5S-FE engine

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Fig. The power steering reservoir cap has a dipstick attached

Foaming or emulsification indicates the either there is air in the system or the fluid level is low.

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Fig. If there is foaming or emulsification, bleed the power steering system

  1. Check the fluid level in the reservoir. The fluid should be within the HOT LEVEL of the reservoir. If the fluid is checked when cold, the level should be within the COLD LEVEL of the reservoir.

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Fig. Each side of the power steering fluid cap has a marking for HOT and COLD testing

  1. Add fluid as required until the proper level is reached. To add fluid, remove the filler cap by turning it counterclockwise and lifting up. After the proper amount of fluid is added, replace the cap making sure that the arrows on the cap are properly aligned with the arrows on the tank.

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Fig. Use a funnel to add power steering fluid to the pump

  1. While your in the neighborhood, check the steering box case, vane pump and hose connections for leaks and damage. Simple preventative maintenance checks like these can identify minor problems before turn into major problems and also increase your familiarity with the locations of steering system components.

Fluid Recommendations

All vehicles use DEXRON®II or III type automatic transmission fluid in the power steering system.

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Fig. Note the type of power steering fluid is labeled on the cap