Toyota Celica, Corolla, ECHO & MR2 1999-05

Lower Ball Joints

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Inspection



Flip the ball joint stud back and forth several times before installing the nut. Using a torque wrench turn the nut continuously one turn each 2-4 seconds and take the torque reading on the 5th turn. Tightening torque should be 9-26 inch lbs. (1-3 Nm).



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Flip the ball joint stud back and forth several times to inspect the rotation condition

Removal & Installation



  1. Remove the cotter pin from the lower ball joint. Discard the cotter pin.
  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Remove the cotter pin from the lower ball joint

  1. Remove the ball joint retaining bolts securing it to the lower control arm.
  2.  
  3. Position a puller over the lower control arm and separate the ball joint from the arm.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Place a puller on the ball joint ...



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. ... to separate it from the lower control arm

To install:

  1. Install the lower ball joint and tighten the nut to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Insert a new cotter pin and bend the end to secure.
  4.  


NOTE
On the Supra, the lower ball joint is not replaceable. If the lower ball joint is defective, replace the lower arm and ball joint as an assembly.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding
     
    Front wheels
     
    Cotter pin from the bearing locknut cap, then remove the cap
     

  4.  
  5. Depress the brake pedal and loosen the axle nut
  6.  
  7. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Brake caliper attaching hardware, position the caliper aside with the hydraulic line still attached and suspend it with a wire
     
    ABS speed sensor, if equipped
     
    Rotor
     

  8.  
  9. Loosen the 2 nuts holding the strut to the steering knuckle assembly. Do not remove at this time.
  10.  
  11. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    Cover the halfshaft boot with a shop rag to protect it from any damage.



    Cotter pin and nut from the tie rod end. Using a tie rod end removal tool, separate the tie rod end from the steering knuckle
     
    Steering knuckle from the strut assembly
     
    Axle nut and grasp the hub and knuckle assembly. With a plastic hammer tap the axle shaft to remove knuckle and hub
     

  12.  
  13. Clamp the steering knuckle in a vise and remove the dust deflector. Remove the nut holding the steering knuckle to the ball joint. Press the ball joint out of the steering knuckle.
  14.  
  15. Remove the ball joint from the arm.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Removing the ball joint from the knuckle

  16.  

To install:

  1. Install the Lower ball joint to the lower arm. Tighten the fasteners to:
    1. Tercel: 59 ft. lbs. (79 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Corolla, Avalon, Camry and 1998-99 Celica,: 94 ft. lbs. (127 Nm).
    4.  
    5. GT-S and 2000 Celica: 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Install the ball joint to the steering knuckle. Tighten the ball joint-to-steering knuckle nut to:
    1. Tercel: 72 ft. lbs. (97 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Corolla and 1998-99 Celica: 87 ft. lbs. (118 Nm).
    4.  
    5. GT-S and 2000 Celica: 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
    6.  
    7. Avalon and Camry: 90 ft. lbs. (123 Nm).
    8.  

  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    New cotter pin. Drive the deflector shield onto the knuckle
     
    Knuckle and hub assembly to the axle and temporarily tighten the axle nut
     
    Knuckle assembly to the lower strut bracket. Temporarily insert the mounting bolts from the rear and install the nuts
     
    Tie rod end to the knuckle
     

  6.  
  7. Tighten the bolts on the lower side of the strut assembly.
  8.  
  9. Install or connect the following:

    ABS speed sensor
     
    Brake disc and the caliper
     

  10.  
  11. Tighten the axle nut.
  12.  
  13. Connect the negative battery cable.
  14.  
  15. Check and adjust the alignment, if needed.
  16.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding
     
    Front wheels
     
    Cotter pin from the bearing locknut cap, then remove the cap
     

  4.  
  5. Depress the brake pedal and loosen the axle nut
  6.  
  7. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Brake caliper attaching hardware, position the caliper aside with the hydraulic line still attached and suspend it with a wire
     
    ABS speed sensor, if equipped
     
    Rotor
     

  8.  
  9. Loosen the 2 nuts holding the strut to the steering knuckle assembly. Do not remove at this time.
  10.  
  11. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    Cover the halfshaft boot with a shop rag to protect it from any damage.



    Cotter pin and nut from the tie rod end. Using a tie rod end removal tool, separate the tie rod end from the steering knuckle
     
    Steering knuckle from the strut assembly
     
    Axle nut and grasp the hub and knuckle assembly. With a plastic hammer tap the axle shaft to remove knuckle and hub
     

  12.  
  13. Clamp the steering knuckle in a vise and remove the dust deflector. Remove the nut holding the steering knuckle to the ball joint. Press the ball joint out of the steering knuckle.
  14.  
  15. Remove the ball joint from the arm.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Removing the ball joint from the knuckle

  16.  

To install:

  1. Install the Lower ball joint to the lower arm. Tighten the fasteners to:
    1. Corolla: 66 ft. lbs. (89 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Celica: 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
    4.  

  2.  
  3. Install the ball joint to the steering knuckle. Tighten the ball joint-to-steering knuckle nut to:
    1. Celica and Corolla: 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
    2.  

  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    New cotter pin. Drive the deflector shield onto the knuckle
     
    Knuckle and hub assembly to the axle and temporarily tighten the axle nut
     
    Knuckle assembly to the lower strut bracket. Temporarily insert the mounting bolts from the rear and install the nuts
     
    Tie rod end to the knuckle
     

  6.  
  7. Tighten the bolts on the lower side of the strut assembly.
  8.  
  9. Install or connect the following:

    ABS speed sensor
     
    Brake disc and the caliper
     

  10.  
  11. Tighten the axle nut.
  12.  
  13. Connect the negative battery cable.
  14.  
  15. Check and adjust the alignment, if needed.
  16.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
    NOTE
    The ball joint is not replaceable.

  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Wheels
     
    Stabilizer bar end link
     
    Lower arm from the knuckle
     

  4.  
  5. For the right arm, jack up the engine slightly and disconnect the rear engine mount.
  6.  
  7. On either side, remove the 2 bolts and 1 nut and remove the arm.
  8.  
  9. Flip the ball stud back and forth a few times. Install the nut. Using a torque wrench, rotate the ball stud at the rate of 1 turn in 2-4 seconds. Take a torque reading on the 5th revolution. Turning torque should be at least 5 inch lbs. (0.59 Nm), and not more than 30 inch lbs. (3.4 Nm).
  10.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:
    NOTE
    DO NOT turn the nut.



    Lower control arm. Torque the bolts to A: 65 ft. lbs. (88 Nm); B: 97 ft. lbs. (132 Nm).
     



    On the right side, the engine rear mount. Bolt and nuts: 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
     
    Lower arm to knuckle. Torque the nut to 72 ft. lbs. (98 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar
     
    Wheel
     

  2.  

The lower ball joint is not serviceable. If the lower ball joint is defective, replace the lower arm and ball joint as an assembly.

 
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