Toyota Celica, Corolla, ECHO & MR2 1999-05

Removal & Installation

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NOTE
The hub bearing could be damaged if subjected to the full weight of the vehicle, such as if the vehicle is moved without the halfshafts. If it is absolutely necessary to place the full vehicle weight on the hub bearing, first support the bearing with SST No. 09608-16041.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    Be careful not to damage the inner oil seal or the ABS sensor rotor on the halfshaft.



    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding
     
    Both front wheels
     
    Cotter pin, locknut cap, and the bearing locknut
     
    Undercovers
     
    Tie rod ball joint from the steering knuckle
     
    Stabilizer bar link from the lower suspension arm
     
    Lower ball joint from the lower suspension arm
     
    Halfshaft from the knuckle
     

  6.  
  7. To remove the left side halfshaft, separate the halfshaft from the transaxle.
  8.  
  9. To remove the right side halfshaft perform the following steps:
    NOTE
    Do not damage the oil seal lip.



    Remove the 2 bolts of the center bearing bracket
     
    Pull the halfshaft out together with the center bearing case and the center halfshaft.
     
    Remove the center shaft with the right-hand halfshaft from the transaxle through the bearing bracket.
     

  10.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Snapring opening side facing downward, on the oiled inboard joint tulip
     
    Left side halfshaft into the transaxle
     
    Right side halfshaft, with the bearing case and center shaft, into the transaxle
     
    Center bearing case (right side). Bolts: 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm)
     

  2.  
  3. After installing either halfshaft, check that there is 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3mm) of axial play. Check that the halfshaft is making contact with the pinion shaft and that the halfshaft cannot be pulled out.
  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Halfshaft into the knuckle
     
    Lower suspension arm to the lower ball joint. Bolt and nuts: 94 ft. lbs. (127 Nm).
     
    Tie rod end to the steering knuckle. Nut: 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar link to the lower suspension arm. Nuts: 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
     
    Front wheels
     
    Locknut and washer. Locknut: 159 ft. lbs. (216 Nm).
     
    Negative battery cable
     
    Locknut cap and a new cotter pin.
     
    Undercover
     

  6.  
  7. Fill the transaxle fluid to the proper level
  8.  
  9. Start the vehicle, check for leaks and repair if necessary.
  10.  


NOTE
The hub bearing could be damaged if subjected to the full weight of the vehicle, such as if the vehicle is moved without the halfshafts. If it is absolutely necessary to place the full vehicle weight on the hub bearing, first support the bearing with SST No. 09608-16041.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding
     
    Cotter pin, locknut cap, and bearing locknut
     
    Front wheels
     
    Undercovers
     
    With ABS, speed sensor
     
    Tie rod ball joint from the steering knuckle
     
    Lower ball joint from the lower suspension arm
     

  6.  
  7. Drive the halfshaft from the knuckle.
    NOTE
    Most halfshafts can be separated from the knuckle using a brass or plastic hammer; some others may require the use of a puller.

  8.  
  9. Remove the halfshaft from the transaxle
  10.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Snapring, opening side facing downward, to the inboard, oiled, joint tulip
     
    Halfshaft into the transaxle. After installing the halfshaft to the transaxle, check that there is 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3mm) of axial play. Check that the halfshaft is making contact with the pinion shaft and that the halfshaft cannot be pulled out
     
    Halfshaft into the knuckle
     
    Lower suspension arm to the steering knuckle. Nuts and bolts: 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
     
    Tie rod end to the steering knuckle. Nut: 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    ABS speed sensor
     
    Hub locknut and washer
     
    Negative battery cable
     
    Wheels
     
    Locknut cap and NEW cotter pin.
     
    Undercovers
     

  2.  
  3. Fill the transaxle fluid to the proper level.
  4.  
  5. Start the vehicle, check for leaks and repair if necessary.
  6.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    The lockbolt is located in the center of the halfshaft, near the dampener.



    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding.
     
    Both front wheels
     
    Locknut holding the halfshaft to the steering knuckle
     
    Tie rod end from the steering knuckle by removing the cotter pin and nut. Separate the tie rod from the steering knuckle
     
    Stabilizer bar link from the lower control arm. Make note of the washers and cushions positions
     
    Lower ball joint from the steering knuckle. Push down on the lower control arm and separate the steering knuckle from the ball joint
     
    Halfshaft from the steering knuckle
     
    Left halfshaft from the transaxle
     
    Snapring from the halfshaft
     
    Right halfshaft from the transaxle
     

  6.  

To install:

  1. Install the right halfshaft to the transaxle, as follows:
    1. Coat the side gear shaft and differential case sliding surface with gear oil.
    2.  
    3. Using snapring pliers, install the snapring to the halfshaft.
    4.  
    5. Install the halfshaft
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Install the left halfshaft to the transaxle, as follows:

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Measuring halfshaft length-Echo

    1. Install a new snapring to the inner spline of the halfshaft.
    2.  
    3. Coat the side gear shaft and differential case sliding surface with gear oil.
    4.  
    5. Install the halfshaft to the transaxle with the snapring opening facing down. The halfshaft should click into place when installing.
    6.  
    7. After installation of the halfshaft, check that the halfshaft cannot be removed by hand.
    8.  

  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Halfshaft to the steering knuckle, then install the locknut. Locknut: 159 ft. lbs. (216 Nm).
     
    Lock cap and new cotter pin to the halfshaft
     
    Steering knuckle to the lower ball joint. Nut: 72 ft. lbs. (98 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar link to the lower control arm. Nut: 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
     
    Tie rod to the steering knuckle. Nut: 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    New cotter pin to the tie rod end
     
    Both front wheels
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  6.  
  7. Fill the transaxle fluid to the proper level.
  8.  
  9. Start the vehicle, check for leaks and repair if necessary.
  10.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Axle halfshaft mounting exploded view-MR2



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Axle halfshaft mounting detail-MR2

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Rear wheel
     
    Engine undercovers
     
    Hub locknut
     
    Brake fluid hose bracket
     
    Strut rod
     
    Lower suspension arms
     
    Strut-to-spindle bolts
     

  4.  
  5. Drive the stub shaft from the axle hub with a plastic-faced hammer.
  6.  
  7. If removing the right halfshaft, remove the center bearing bracket bolts, then remove the axle halfshaft.
  8.  
  9. If removing the left halfshaft, drive the axle out of the transaxle with a hammer and brass punch.
  10.  

To install:


NOTE
Use new snap rings, circlips, and lock nuts for assembly.


NOTE
Final tightening of suspension fasteners must take place with the suspension at curb height.

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Axle halfshaft. Tighten the center bearing bracket bolts to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm).
     
    Strut-to-spindle-bolts and tighten them to 128 ft. lbs. (173 Nm).
     
    Lower suspension arms. Tighten the No. 1 arm bolt to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm) and the No. 2 bolt to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Strut rod. Tighten the bolt to 58 ft. lbs. (78 Nm).
     
    Brake fluid hose bracket
     
    Hub locknut: 159 ft. lbs. (216 Nm)
     
    Engine undercovers
     
    Rear wheel
     

  2.  

Manual Transaxle




NOTE
The hub bearing could be damaged if subjected to the full weight of the vehicle, such as if the vehicle is moved without the halfshafts. If it is absolutely necessary to place the full vehicle weight on the hub bearing, first support the bearing with SST No. 09608-16041.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    Be careful not to damage the inner oil seal or the ABS sensor rotor on the halfshaft.



    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding
     
    Both front wheels
     
    Cotter pin, locknut cap, and the bearing locknut
     
    Undercovers
     
    Tie rod ball joint from the steering knuckle
     
    Stabilizer bar link from the lower suspension arm
     
    Lower ball joint from the lower suspension arm
     
    Halfshaft from the knuckle
     

  6.  
  7. To remove the left side halfshaft, separate the halfshaft from the transaxle.
  8.  
  9. To remove the right side halfshaft perform the following steps:
    NOTE
    Do not damage the oil seal lip.



    Remove the 2 bolts of the center bearing bracket
     
    Pull the halfshaft out together with the center bearing case and the center halfshaft.
     
    Remove the center shaft with the right-hand halfshaft from the transaxle through the bearing bracket.
     

  10.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Snapring opening side facing downward, on the oiled inboard joint tulip
     
    Left side halfshaft into the transaxle
     
    Right side halfshaft, with the bearing case and center shaft, into the transaxle
     
    Center bearing case (right side). Bolts: 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm)
     

  2.  
  3. After installing either halfshaft, check that there is 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3mm) of axial play. Check that the halfshaft is making contact with the pinion shaft and that the halfshaft cannot be pulled out.
  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Halfshaft into the knuckle
     
    Lower suspension arm to the lower ball joint. Bolt and nuts: 94 ft. lbs. (127 Nm).
     
    Tie rod end to the steering knuckle. Nut: 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar link to the lower suspension arm. Nuts: 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
     
    Front wheels
     
    Locknut and washer. Locknut: 159 ft. lbs. (216 Nm).
     
    Negative battery cable
     
    Locknut cap and a new cotter pin.
     
    Undercover
     

  6.  
  7. Fill the transaxle fluid to the proper level
  8.  
  9. Start the vehicle, check for leaks and repair if necessary.
  10.  


NOTE
The hub bearing could be damaged if subjected to the full weight of the vehicle, such as if the vehicle is moved without the halfshafts. If it is absolutely necessary to place the full vehicle weight on the hub bearing, first support the bearing with SST No. 09608-16041.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding
     
    Cotter pin, locknut cap, and bearing locknut
     
    Front wheels
     
    Undercovers
     
    With ABS, speed sensor
     
    Tie rod ball joint from the steering knuckle
     
    Lower ball joint from the lower suspension arm
     

  6.  
  7. Drive the halfshaft from the knuckle.
    NOTE
    Most halfshafts can be separated from the knuckle using a brass or plastic hammer; some others may require the use of a puller.

  8.  
  9. Remove the halfshaft from the transaxle
  10.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Snapring, opening side facing downward, to the inboard, oiled, joint tulip
     
    Halfshaft into the transaxle. After installing the halfshaft to the transaxle, check that there is 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3mm) of axial play. Check that the halfshaft is making contact with the pinion shaft and that the halfshaft cannot be pulled out
     
    Halfshaft into the knuckle
     
    Lower suspension arm to the steering knuckle. Nuts and bolts: 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
     
    Tie rod end to the steering knuckle. Nut: 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    ABS speed sensor
     
    Hub locknut and washer
     
    Negative battery cable
     
    Wheels
     
    Locknut cap and NEW cotter pin.
     
    Undercovers
     

  2.  
  3. Fill the transaxle fluid to the proper level.
  4.  
  5. Start the vehicle, check for leaks and repair if necessary.
  6.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle fluid.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    The lockbolt is located in the center of the halfshaft, near the dampener.



    Negative battery cable. On vehicles equipped with an air bag, wait at least 90 seconds before proceeding.
     
    Both front wheels
     
    Locknut holding the halfshaft to the steering knuckle
     
    Tie rod end from the steering knuckle by removing the cotter pin and nut. Separate the tie rod from the steering knuckle
     
    Stabilizer bar link from the lower control arm. Make note of the washers and cushions positions
     
    Lower ball joint from the steering knuckle. Push down on the lower control arm and separate the steering knuckle from the ball joint
     
    Halfshaft from the steering knuckle
     
    Left halfshaft from the transaxle
     
    Snapring from the halfshaft
     
    Right halfshaft from the transaxle
     

  6.  

To install:

  1. Install the right halfshaft to the transaxle, as follows:
    1. Coat the side gear shaft and differential case sliding surface with gear oil.
    2.  
    3. Using snapring pliers, install the snapring to the halfshaft.
    4.  
    5. Install the halfshaft
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Install the left halfshaft to the transaxle, as follows:

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Measuring halfshaft length-Echo

    1. Install a new snapring to the inner spline of the halfshaft.
    2.  
    3. Coat the side gear shaft and differential case sliding surface with gear oil.
    4.  
    5. Install the halfshaft to the transaxle with the snapring opening facing down. The halfshaft should click into place when installing.
    6.  
    7. After installation of the halfshaft, check that the halfshaft cannot be removed by hand.
    8.  

  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Halfshaft to the steering knuckle, then install the locknut. Locknut: 159 ft. lbs. (216 Nm).
     
    Lock cap and new cotter pin to the halfshaft
     
    Steering knuckle to the lower ball joint. Nut: 72 ft. lbs. (98 Nm).
     
    Stabilizer bar link to the lower control arm. Nut: 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
     
    Tie rod to the steering knuckle. Nut: 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    New cotter pin to the tie rod end
     
    Both front wheels
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  6.  
  7. Fill the transaxle fluid to the proper level.
  8.  
  9. Start the vehicle, check for leaks and repair if necessary.
  10.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Axle halfshaft mounting exploded view-MR2



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Axle halfshaft mounting detail-MR2

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Rear wheel
     
    Engine undercovers
     
    Hub locknut
     
    Brake fluid hose bracket
     
    Strut rod
     
    Lower suspension arms
     
    Strut-to-spindle bolts
     

  4.  
  5. Drive the stub shaft from the axle hub with a plastic-faced hammer.
  6.  
  7. If removing the right halfshaft, remove the center bearing bracket bolts, then remove the axle halfshaft.
  8.  
  9. If removing the left halfshaft, drive the axle out of the transaxle with a hammer and brass punch.
  10.  

To install:


NOTE
Use new snap rings, circlips, and lock nuts for assembly.


NOTE
Final tightening of suspension fasteners must take place with the suspension at curb height.

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Axle halfshaft. Tighten the center bearing bracket bolts to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm).
     
    Strut-to-spindle-bolts and tighten them to 128 ft. lbs. (173 Nm).
     
    Lower suspension arms. Tighten the No. 1 arm bolt to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm) and the No. 2 bolt to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Strut rod. Tighten the bolt to 58 ft. lbs. (78 Nm).
     
    Brake fluid hose bracket
     
    Hub locknut: 159 ft. lbs. (216 Nm)
     
    Engine undercovers
     
    Rear wheel
     

  2.  

 
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