Toyota Celica, Corolla, ECHO & MR2 1999-05

Wheel Cylinders

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WARNING
Clean, high quality brake fluid is essential to the safe and proper operation of the brake system. You should always buy the highest quality brake fluid that is available. If the brake fluid becomes contaminated, drain and flush the system, then refill the master cylinder with new fluid. Never reuse any brake fluid. Any brake fluid that is removed from the system should be discarded.

Overhaul



Wheel cylinder overhaul kits may be available, but often at little or no savings over a reconditioned wheel cylinder. It often makes sense with these components to substitute a new or reconditioned part instead of attempting an overhaul.

If no replacement is available, or you would prefer to overhaul your wheel cylinders, the following procedure may be used. When rebuilding and installing wheel cylinders, avoid getting any contaminants into the system. Always use clean, new, high quality brake fluid. If dirty or improper fluid has been used, it will be necessary to drain the entire system, flush the system with proper brake fluid, replace all rubber components, then refill and bleed the system.

  1. Remove the wheel cylinder from the vehicle and place on a clean workbench.
  2.  
  3. First remove and discard the old rubber boots, then withdraw the pistons. Piston cylinders are equipped with seals and a spring assembly, all located behind the pistons in the cylinder bore.
  4.  



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Fig. Remove the outer boots from the wheel cylinder

  1. Remove the remaining inner components, seals and spring assembly. Compressed air may be useful in removing these components. If no compressed air is available, be VERY careful not to score the wheel cylinder bore when removing parts from it. Discard all components for which replacements were supplied in the rebuild kit.
  2.  



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Fig. Compressed air can be used to remove the pistons and seals



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Fig. Remove the pistons, cup seals and spring from the cylinder

  1. Wash the cylinder and metal parts in denatured alcohol or clean brake fluid.
  2.  



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Fig. Use brake fluid and a soft brush to clean the pistons ...



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Fig. ... and the bore of the wheel cylinder


WARNING
NEVER use a mineral-based solvent such as gasoline, kerosene or paint thinner for cleaning purposes. These solvents will swell rubber components and quickly deteriorate them.

  1. Allow the parts to air dry or use compressed air. Do not use rags for cleaning, since lint will remain in the cylinder bore.
  2.  
  3. Inspect the piston and replace it if it shows scratches.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Once cleaned and inspected, the wheel cylinder is ready for assembly

  1. Lubricate the cylinder bore and seals using clean brake fluid.
  2.  
  3. Position the spring assembly.
  4.  
  5. Install the inner seals, then the pistons.
  6.  



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Fig. Lubricate the cup seals with brake fluid



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Fig. Install the spring, then the cup seals in the bore



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Fig. Lightly lubricate the pistons, then install them

  1. Insert the new boots into the counterbores by hand. Do NOT lubricate the boots.
  2.  



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Fig. The boots can now be installed over the wheel cylinder ends

  1. Install the wheel cylinder.
  2.  

Removal & Installation



  1. Plug the master cylinder inlet to prevent hydraulic fluid from leaking. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  


CAUTION
Brake fluid contains polyglycol ethers and polyglycols. Avoid contact with the eyes and wash your hands thoroughly after handling brake fluid. If you do get brake fluid in your eyes, flush your eyes with clean, running water for 15 minutes. If eye irritation persists, or if you have taken brake fluid internally, IMMEDIATELY seek medical assistance.

  1. Remove the brake drums and shoes.
  2.  
  3. Working from behind the backing plate, disconnect the hydraulic line from the wheel cylinder.
  4.  



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Fig. Loosen the brake line attached to the wheel cylinder from behind



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Fig. Grab a towel, it will drip all over!

  1. Unfasten the screws retaining the wheel cylinder and withdraw the cylinder.
  2.  



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Fig. Remove the screws and pull out the wheel cylinder

To install:

  1. Attach the wheel cylinder to the backing plate. Tighten the bolts to 7 ft. lbs. (10 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the hydraulic line to the wheel cylinder and tighten it.
  4.  
  5. Install the brake shoes and drums. Make all the necessary adjustments.
  6.  
  7. Fill the master cylinder to the proper level with clean brake fluid bleed the brake system. Check the brake system for leaks.
  8.  

 
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