Toyota Celica, Corolla, ECHO & MR2 1999-05

Starter

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Removal & Installation



  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Radiator upper support seal
     
    Air cleaner
     
    Engine under covers
     
    Starter wiring
     
    Starter
     

  4.  
  5. Installation is the reverse of removal. Torque the bolts to 28 ft. lbs. (37 Nm). Note that the bolts are 2 different lengths.
  6.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Battery and tray. On models equipped with an air bag, work must NOT be started until at least 90 seconds have passed from the time that both the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative cable is disconnected from the battery.
     
    Coolant reservoir
     
    Reservoir hose from the radiator
     
    Right side under cover
     
    Wiring clamp
     
    Wiring from the starter
     
    Starter
     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter
     
    Starter wiring and nut
     
    Starter connector and wire clamp
     
    Right side engine cover
     
    Radiator reservoir and hose
     
    Battery and tray
     

  2.  
  3. Check the cooling system and top off if necessary.
  4.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable. On models equipped with an air bag, work must NOT be started until at least 90 seconds have passed from the time that both the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative cable is disconnected from the battery
     
    Engine under covers
     
    Wiring from the starter terminals
     
    Starter mounting bolts
     
    Starter
     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter
     
    Starter wiring
     
    Engine under covers
     

  2.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Front engine undercover
     
    Starter wiring harness connectors
     
    Starter mounting bolts
     
    Starter motor
     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter motor. Tighten the bolts to 28 ft. lbs. (37 Nm).
     
    Starter wiring harness connectors
     
    Front engine undercover
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  

Testing & Troubleshooting




WARNING
This tests must be performed within 3-5 seconds to avoid burning out the coil.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Troubleshooting Basic Starting System Problems

Clutch Pinion Gear Return

Disconnect the negative lead from the solenoid body. Check the clutch pinion gear returns inward. If not perform the no-load test.



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Fig. Clutch pinion gear return terminal connections

Hold-In

Attach the battery to the starter as shown and with the clutch pinion gear out, disconnect the negative lead from terminal C . Check to make sure the pinion gear stays in the outward position. If the clutch gear returns inwards, perform the clutch pinion gear return test.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Hold-in test terminal connections

Pull-In

Disconnect the field coil lead from the terminal C . Connect the battery to the solenoid switch as shown. See if the clutch pinion gear movement is outward. If the gear does not move perform the hold-in test.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Pull-in test terminal connections

Voltage Drop Test

NOTE
The battery must be in good condition and fully charged prior to performing this test.

  1. Disable the ignition system by unplugging the coil pack. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  2.  
  3. Connect a voltmeter between the positive terminal of the battery and the starter B+ circuit.
  4.  
  5. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage on the meter.
  6.  
  7. If voltage reads 0.5 volts or more, there is high resistance in the starter cables or the cable ground, repair as necessary. If the voltage reading is ok proceed to the next step.
  8.  
  9. Connect a voltmeter between the positive terminal of the battery and the starter M circuit.
  10.  
  11. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage on the meter.
  12.  
  13. If voltage reads 0.5 volts or more, there is high resistance in the starter. Repair or replace the starter as necessary.
    NOTE
    Many automotive parts stores have starter bench testers available for use by customers. A starter bench test is the most definitive way to determine the condition of your starter.

  14.  

 
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