Toyota Cressida/Corona/Crown/MarkII 1970-1982 Repair Guide

Throttle Positioner



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Fig. Fig. 1 Common Throttle Positioner (TP) system components

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Fig. Fig. 2 Throttle Positioner (TP) system schematic-22R engine

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Fig. Fig. 3 Throttle Positioner (TP) system operating conditions-22R engine; others similar

The throttle positioner reduces emissions during deceleration. It prevents the throttle from closing completely. Vacuum is reduced under the throttle which, in turn, acts on the retard chamber of the distributor vacuum unit. This compensates for the loss of engine braking caused by the partially opened throttle.

Once the vehicle speed drops below a predetermined value, the vacuum switching valve provides vacuum to the throttle positioner diaphragm. The throttle positioner retracts, allowing the throttle valve to close completely.


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Fig. Fig. 4 Throttle Positioner (TP) system adjusting component locations

  1. Start the engine and run it to normal operating temperature.
  3. Adjust the idle speed as described in .

Leave the tachometer connected after completing the idle adjustments.

  1. Detach the vacuum line from the positioner diaphragm unit and plug the line up.
  3. Accelerate the engine slightly to set the throttle positioner in place.
  5. Check the engine speed with a tachometer when the throttle positioner is set.
  7. If necessary, adjust the engine speed, with the throttle positioner adjusting screw, to the specifications given in the Throttle Positioner Settings chart.
  9. Connect the vacuum hose to the positioner diaphragm.
  11. The throttle lever should be freed from the positioner as soon as the vacuum hose is connected. Engine idle should return to normal.
  13. If the throttle positioner fails to function properly, check its linkage, and vacuum diaphragm. If there are no defects in either of these, the fault probably lies in the vacuum switching valve or the speed marker unit.

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Fig. Fig. 5 no caption

Due to the complexity of these two components, and also because they require special test equipment, their service is best left to an authorized facility.