Toyota Cressida and Van 1983-1990

Axle Shaft, Bearing and Seal

Print

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



1983-87 Cressida
4 LINK TYPE AXLE SHAFT


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1 Exploded view of the 4 link rear axle shaft assembly-Cressida

  1. Raise the rear of the car and support it securely by using jackstands.
  2.  


CAUTION
Be sure that the vehicle is securely supported. Remember, you will be working underneath it.

  1. Drain the oil from the axle housing.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel cover, unfasten the lug nuts, and remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Punch matchmarks on the brake drum and the axle shaft to maintain rotational balance.
  6.  
  7. Remove the brake drum and related components, as outlined in this guide.
  8.  
  9. Remove the rear bearing retaining nut, if so equipped.
  10.  
  11. Remove the brake backing plate attachment nuts through the access holes in the rear axle shaft flange.
  12.  
  13. Use a slide hammer with a suitable adapter to withdraw the axle shaft from its housing.
  14.  


WARNING
Use care not to damage the oil seal when removing the axle shaft.

  1. Repeat the procedure for the axle shaft on the opposite side. Be careful not to mix the components of the two sides.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear axle bearing and inner retainer as follows:
  4.  
    1. Using a suitable grinder, grind down the inner retainer. Using a hammer and chisel, cut off the retainer and remove it from the shaft.
    2.  
    3. Using a suitable hydraulic press, press the rear axle bearing off of the shaft.
    4.  
    5. Using the same press, press on the bearing outer retainer and new bearing.
    6.  
    7. Heat the bearing inner retainer in a container of heated oil 302°F [150°C].
    8.  
    9. With the inner retainer still hot, press the retainer onto the rear axle shaft. Be sure that there is no oil or grease on the rear axle shaft or retainer. Face the non-beveled side of the inner retainer toward the bearing.
    10.  

  5. Using a suitable seal puller, remove the rear axle oil seal. Apply some suitable multipurpose grease to the new seal and using a suitable seal driver, install the new oil seal.
  6.  
  7. Installation is performed in the reverse order of removal.
  8.  
    1. Place the bearing retainer and gasket on the axle shaft. Install the retainer and gasket with the notches pointing downward.
    2.  
    3. Install the rear axle coat the lips of the rear housing oil seal with multipurpose grease prior to installation of the rear axle shaft.
    4.  
    5. Install the rear axle into the axle housing along with 4 new self locking nuts. Tighten the nuts to 48 ft. lbs. (66 Nm). Be careful not to damage the oil seal. Also when installing the rear axle shaft, be careful not to hit or deform the oil deflector inside the axle housing.
    6.  


1983-88 Cressida
IRS TYPE REAR AXLE SHAFT


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2 Exploded view of the Independent Rear Suspension (IRS) rear axle shaft assembly-1983-88 Cressida

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear wheel and tire assembly. Remove the disc brake caliper from the rear axle carrier and suspend it with wire. Remove the rotor disc.
  4.  
  5. Remove the rear driveshaft (disconnect the rear axle shaft side only).
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the axle driveshaft from the axle flange and lower the axle driveshaft out of the way.
  8.  
  9. Apply the parking brake completely (pulled up as far as possible).
  10.  
  11. Remove the axle flange nut.
  12.  

The axle flange nut is staked in place. It will be necessary to loosen the staked part of the nut with a hammer and chisel, prior to loosening the nut. Be sure to remove the washer from the axle shaft or it will not be possible to use the axle flange removal tool in the next Step.

  1. Using the axle flange removal tool (SST 09557-22022 or equivalent), disconnect the axle flange from the axle shaft. Be careful not to lose the plate washer from the bearing side of the flange.
  2.  
  3. Remove the parking brake shoes.
  4.  
  5. Using the axle puller tool (SST 09520-00031 or equivalent), pull out the rear axle shaft, along with the oil seal and outer bearing.
  6.  
  7. Clean and inspect the bearings, races, and seal. If these parts are in good condition, repack the bearings with MP grease No. 2 and proceed to Step 16 to install the axle shaft.
  8.  
  9. Using a hammer and chisel, increase the clearance between the axle shaft hub and the outer bearing.
  10.  
  11. Using a puller installed with the jaws in the gap made in Step 11, pull the outer bearing from the axle shaft and remove the oil seal.
  12.  
  13. Drive the outer bearing race out of the hub with a brass drift and a hammer.
  14.  

Bearing and races must be replaced in matched sets. Do not use a new bearing with an old race, or vice-versa.

  1. Drive the new outer bearing race into the axle shaft hub until it is completely seated.
  2.  

The inner bearing race is replaced in the same manner as Steps 13 and 14.

  1. Repack and install both bearings into the hub, being careful not to miss the bearings. The bearings should be packed with No. 2 multipurpose grease.
  2.  
  3. Drive the seals into place. The inner seal should be driven to a depth of 1.22 in. (31mm); the outer to 0.217 in. (5.5mm).
  4.  

To install:

  1. Apply a thin coat of grease to the axle shaft flange. Install the rear axle shaft into the housing and install the flange with the plate washer.
  2.  
  3. Using the proper tools, draw the axle shaft into the flange.
  4.  
  5. Install a new axle shaft flange nut. Tighten the nut to 22-36 ft. lbs. (30-49 Nm). There should be no horizontal play evident at the axle shaft.
  6.  
  7. Turn the axle shaft back and forth and retighten the nut to 58 ft. lbs. (78 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Using a torque wrench, check the amount of torque required to turn the axle shaft. The correct rotational torque is 0.9-3.5 inch lbs.
  10.  

The shaft should be turned at a rate of 6 seconds per turn to attain a true rotational torque reading.

  1. If the rotational torque is less than specified, tighten the nut 5-10° at a time until the proper rotational torque is reached. Do not tighten the nut to more than 145 ft. lbs. (196 Nm).
  2.  
  3. If the rotational torque is greater than specified, replace the bearing spacer and repeat those Steps over again (if necessary).
  4.  
  5. After the proper rotational torque is reached, restake the nut into position.
  6.  
  7. Install the parking brake shoes.
  8.  
  9. Connect the axle driveshaft to the flange and tighten the nuts to 51 ft. lbs. (69 Nm).
  10.  

If the maximum torque is exceeded while retightening the nut, replace the bearing spacer and repeat Steps 18-20. Do not back off the axle shaft nut to reduce the rotational torque.

  1. Install the rear wheel and lower the vehicle.
  2.  

1989-90 Cressida


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3 Exploded view of the Independent Rear Suspension (IRS) rear axle shaft assembly-1989-90 Cressida

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear wheel and tire assembly. Remove the disc brake caliper from the rear axle carrier and suspend it with wire. Remove the rotor disc.
  4.  
  5. Remove the rear driveshaft. Disconnect the parking brake cable assembly.
  6.  
  7. Remove the bolt and nut attaching the carrier to the No. 1 suspension arm. Using the proper tool, separate the No. 1 suspension arm from the axle carrier.
  8.  
  9. Remove the bolt and nut attaching the carrier to the No. 2 suspension arm.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the strut rod from the axle carrier. Disconnect the strut assembly from the axle carrier.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the upper arm from the body and remove the axle hub assembly. Remove the upper arm mounting nut and remove the upper arm from the axle carrier.
  14.  
  15. Separate the backing plate and axle carrier. Using a suitable puller, remove the upper arm from the axle carrier.
  16.  
  17. Remove the dust deflector from the axle hub. Using a suitable puller remove the inner oil seal. Remove the hole snapring.
  18.  
  19. Using a suitable press, press out the bearing outer race from the axle carrier. Be sure to always replace the bearing as an assembly.
  20.  
  21. Remove the bearing inner race (inside) and 2 bearings from the bearing outer race.
  22.  
  23. Installation is the reverse order of the removal procedure. Observe the following torques:

    Backing plate-to-axle carrier nuts-43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm)
     
    Backing plate-to-axle carrier bolts-19 ft. lbs. (26 Nm)
     
    No. 1 suspension arm nut 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm)
     
    Upper arm mounting nut-80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm)
     
    Strut assembly nut-101 ft. lbs. (137 Nm)
     
    Upper arm-to-body bolt-119 ft. lbs. (162 Nm)
     
    No. 2 suspension arm to axle carrier 119 ft. lbs. (162 Nm)
     
    Strut rod-to-axle carrier-105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm)
     
    Disc brake caliper bolts-34 ft. lbs. (47 Nm)
     

  24.  

Van


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4 Exploded view of the 4 link rear axle shaft assembly-Van

  1. Raise the rear of the car and support it securely by using jackstands.
  2.  


CAUTION
Be sure that the vehicle is securely supported. Remember, you will be working underneath it.

  1. Drain the oil from the axle housing.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel cover, unfasten the lug nuts, and remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Punch matchmarks on the brake drum and the axle shaft to maintain rotational balance.
  6.  
  7. Remove the brake drum and related components, as outlined in this guide.
  8.  
  9. Remove the rear bearing retaining nut, if so equipped.
  10.  
  11. Remove the brake backing plate attachment nuts through the access holes in the rear axle shaft flange.
  12.  
  13. Use a slide hammer with a suitable adapter to withdraw the axle shaft from its housing.
  14.  


WARNING
Use care not to damage the oil seal when removing the axle shaft.

  1. Repeat the procedure for the axle shaft on the opposite side. Be careful not to mix the components of the two sides.
  2.  
  3. Remove the rear axle bearing and inner retainer as follows:
  4.  
    1. Using a suitable grinder, grind down the inner retainer. Using a hammer and chisel, cut off the retainer and remove it from the shaft.
    2.  
    3. Using a suitable hydraulic press, press the rear axle bearing off of the shaft.
    4.  
    5. Using the same press, press on the bearing outer retainer and new bearing.
    6.  
    7. Heat the bearing inner retainer in a container of heated oil 302°F [150°C].
    8.  
    9. With the inner retainer still hot, press the retainer onto the rear axle shaft. Be sure that there is no oil or grease on the rear axle shaft or retainer. Face the non-beveled side of the inner retainer toward the bearing.
    10.  

  5. Using a suitable seal puller, remove the rear axle oil seal. Apply some suitable multipurpose grease to the new seal and using a suitable seal driver, install the new oil seal.
  6.  
  7. Installation is performed in the reverse order of removal.
  8.  
    1. Place the bearing retainer and gasket on the axle shaft. Install the retainer and gasket with the notches pointing downward.
    2.  
    3. Install the rear axle coat the lips of the rear housing oil seal with multipurpose grease prior to installation of the rear axle shaft.
    4.  
    5. Install the rear axle into the axle housing along with 4 new self locking nuts. Tighten the nuts to 48 ft. lbs. (66 Nm). Be careful not to damage the oil seal. Also when installing the rear axle shaft, be careful not to hit or deform the oil deflector inside the axle housing.
    6.  


 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo