Toyota Cressida and Van 1983-1990

Lower Control Arm/Ball Joints

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INSPECTION



Cressida

Raise the front end and position a piece of wood under the wheel and lower the vehicle until there is an 1 / 2 load on the strut. Check the front wheel play. Replace the lower ball joint if the play at the wheel rim exceeds 2.5mm (0.1 in.) vertical motion or 6mm (0.25 in.) horizontal motion. Be sure the dust covers are not torn and that they are securely glued to the ball joints.


WARNING
Do not jack up the control arm on Cressida vehicles; damage to the arm will result.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Cressida


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Fig. Fig. 1 Exploded view of the lower front suspension components-1989-90 Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 2 When removing the lower ball joint, unbolt the shock absorber from the lower control arm-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 3 Remove the cotter pin and nut, then press the tie rod end from the steering knuckle-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 4 The strut bar must be separated from the lower control arm for lower ball joint removal-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 5 Next, unbolt the lower control arm and remove the arm along with the steering knuckle-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 6 Press the knuckle arm off the lower control arm-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 7 To replace the lower control arm bushing, press the old one out-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 8 Using the same press, install a new bushing into the lower control arm-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 9 During lower control arm installation, attach the steering knuckle and tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (91 Nm)

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely. Remove the wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the 2 knuckle arm-to-strut bolts, pull down on the control arm and disconnect it and the knuckle arm from the strut.
  4.  
  5. Remove the cotter pin and nut and press the tie rod off the knuckle arm.
  6.  
  7. Remove the nut attaching the stabilizer bar to the control arm and disconnect the bar.
  8.  
  9. Remove the 2 nuts and then disconnect the strut bar from the control arm.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the control arm from the crossmember and remove it and the rack boot protector as an assembly.
  12.  
  13. Remove the cotter pin and nut, then press the knuckle arm off the control arm.
  14.  
  15. To remove the lower control arm bushing, press out the bushing from the lower control arm. Press the new bushing into the lower arm.
  16.  

To install:

  1. Press the knuckle arm into the control arm and then install the assembly into the crossmember.
  2.  
  3. Connect the stabilizer bar to the control arm and tighten the nut to 13 ft. lbs. (18 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the strut bar to the control arm and tighten the nuts to 44-43 ft. lbs. (60 Nm) for 1983-1987; 54 ft. lbs. (73 Nm) for 1988; 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm) for 1989-91 models.
  6.  
  7. Connect the knuckle arm to the strut housing and tighten the bolts to 51-65 ft. lbs. for 1983-86; 72 ft. lbs. (98 Nm) for 1987; 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm) for 1988-91 models.
  8.  
  9. Install the wheel and lower the vehicle. Bounce the vehicle several times to set the suspension, then tighten the control arm-to-body bolt to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm) for 1983-86; 90 ft. lbs. for 1987-88; 121 ft. lbs. (164 Nm) for 1989-91 models.
  10.  
  11. Check the front wheel alignment.
  12.  

Van
2WD MODELS


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Fig. Fig. 10 Lower Control arm

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the stabilizer bar and the strut bar from the lower arm.
  4.  
  5. Remove the shock absorber from the lower arm. If necessary, disconnect the tie rod end from the steering knuckle.
  6.  
  7. From the lower ball joint, remove the cotter pin and the nut. Using a ball joint removal tool, press the ball joint from the lower control arm.
  8.  

If the lower ball joint is not to be replaced, simply unbolt it from the lower control arm. It is not necessary to separate the ball joint from the steering knuckle.

  1. Using a piece of chalk, matchmark the adjusting cam of the lower control arm.
  2.  
  3. Remove the adjusting cam, the nut and the lower control arm.
  4.  
  5. To install, reverse the removal procedures. Align the cam matchmarks and finger-tighten the nut. Tighten the ball joint-to-lower control arm nuts/bolts to 49 ft. lbs., the lower ball joint-to-steering knuckle nut to 76 ft. lbs., the strut bar-to-lower control arm bolts to 49 ft. lbs., the stabilizer bar-to-lower control arm bolts to 9 ft. lbs., the tie rod end-to-steering knuckle nut to 43 ft. lbs., the lower shock absorber bolt to 13 ft. lbs., upper shock absorber bolt to 19 ft. lbs. and the adjusting cam nut to 152 ft. lbs. Check and/or adjust the front end alignment.
  6.  

Do not tighten the control arm bolts fully until the vehicle is lowered and bounced several times.

4WD MODELS


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Fig. Fig. 11 Lower Control arm

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the stabilizer bar from the lower control arm.
  4.  
  5. Remove the shock absorber from the lower control arm.
  6.  
  7. From the lower ball joint, remove the cotter pin and the nut. Using a ball joint removal tool, press the ball joint from the lower control arm.
  8.  

If the lower ball joint is not to be replaced, simply unbolt it from the lower control arm. It is not necessary to separate the ball joint from the steering knuckle.

  1. Using a piece of chalk, matchmark the adjusting cam of the lower control arm.
  2.  
  3. Remove the adjusting cam, the nut and the lower control arm.
  4.  
  5. To install, reverse the removal procedures. Align the cam matchmarks and finger-tighten the nut. Tighten the ball joint-to-lower control arm nuts/bolts to 83 ft. lbs., the stabilizer bar-to-lower control arm bolts to 14 ft. lbs., the tie rod end-to-steering knuckle nut to 43 ft. lbs., the lower shock absorber bolt to 70 ft. lbs. and the adjusting cam nut to 152 ft. lbs. Check and/or adjust the front end alignment.
  6.  

Do not tighten the control arm bolts fully until the vehicle is lowered and bounced several times.

 
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