Toyota Cressida and Van 1983-1990

MacPherson Struts

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Cressida
1983-88 MODELS


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Fig. Fig. 1 Exploded view of the front axle strut assembly components-1983-88 Cressida

  1. Remove the hubcap and loosen the lug nuts.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  


WARNING
Do not support the weight of the vehicle on the suspension arm; the arm will deform under its weight.

  1. Unfasten the lug nuts and remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the union bolt and 2 washers and disconnect the front brake line from the disc brake caliper. Remove the clip from the brake hose and pull off the brake hose from the brake hose bracket.
  4.  
  5. Remove the caliper and wire it out of the way. Matchmark the strut lower bracket and camber adjust cam if equipped.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect and remove the TEMS (if so equipped) actuator from the top of the strut on late Cressida.
  8.  
  9. Remove the three nuts and lock washers from the top of the strut inside the engine compartment.
  10.  
  11. Remove the bolts and nuts which attach the strut lower end to the steering knuckle lower arm and the lower control arm. Push the arm downward slightly, then remove the strut assembly.
  12.  
  13. Remove the front strut and axle hub assembly and place it in a suitable vise. The strut must be mounted in a vise for further disassembly. It must not be mounted by the shock absorber shell as this part is machined perfectly round and can easily be distorted. A special tool is available from Toyota for this purpose, or you can obtain this coil spring compression tool from your local parts dealer.
  14.  
  15. Using a spring compression tool designed for this purpose, the spring must be compressed so there is no tension on the upper seat.
  16.  


WARNING
Failure to fully compress the spring and hold it securely before performing the next step is extremely hazardous.

  1. Hold the shock absorber seat (at top) with a large spanner wrench, and remove the nut from the top of the shock absorber.
  2.  
  3. Remove upper support, upper seat, dust cover, and spring.
  4.  
  5. Install the compressed spring onto the new strut cartridge being sure to align the hole in the upper suspension support with the shock absorber piston or end, so that they fit properly.
  6.  
  7. Always use a new nut and nylon washer on the shock absorber piston rod end when securing it to the upper suspension support. Tighten the nut to 29-40 ft. lbs. (39-54 Nm).
  8.  

Do not use an impact wrench to tighten the nut.

  1. Coat the suspension support bearing with multipurpose grease prior to installation. Pack the space in the upper support with multipurpose grease, also, after installation.
  2.  

To install:

  1. Push the arm downward slightly, and then install the strut assembly. Install the bolts and nuts which attach the strut lower end to the steering knuckle lower arm. Torque them to 58 ft. lbs. (86 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the three nuts and lock washers to the top of the strut inside the engine compartment. Torque them to 22-32 ft. lbs.
  4.  
  5. Reconnect and install the TEMS (if so equipped) actuator to the top of the strut on late Cressida.
  6.  
  7. Install the brake caliper and brake pad assembly. Tighten the brake caliper slide pin bolts to 62-68 ft. lbs. Reconnect the brake lines and bleed the brake system.
  8.  
  9. Reinstall the wheel assembly. Lower the vehicle and road test the vehicle.
  10.  

1989-90 MODELS


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Fig. Fig. 2 Exploded view of the front axle strut assembly components-1989-90 Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 3 When removing the strut assembly from the vehicle, disconnect the brake line-1988-90 Cressida shown



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Fig. Fig. 4 Disconnect the stabilizer bar linkage from the strut assembly- 1988-90 Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 5 When removing the strut, the two caliper mounting bolts must be removed-1988-90 Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 6 On ABS models, disconnect the speed sensor from the strut assembly-Cressida



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Fig. Fig. 7 Prior to strut removal, unbolt the dust cover



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Fig. Fig. 8 The lower control arm bolts retaining the strut must be removed



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Fig. Fig. 9 Remove the three strut upper mount bolts



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Fig. Fig. 10 To separate the shock from the strut, mount the strut into a vise ...



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Fig. Fig. 11 ... then compress the coil spring



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Fig. Fig. 12 Hold the spring upper seat and remove the nut to separate the spring from the shock



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Fig. Fig. 13 When removing the shock from the strut, keep the components in order for installation

  1. Remove the hubcap and loosen the lug nuts.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  


WARNING
Do not support the weight of the vehicle on the suspension arm; the arm will deform under its weight.

  1. Unfasten the lug nuts and remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the union bolt and 2 washers and disconnect the front brake line from the disc brake caliper. Remove the clip from the brake hose and pull off the brake hose from the brake hose bracket.
  4.  
  5. Remove the caliper and wire it out of the way. Matchmark the strut lower bracket and camber adjust cam if equipped.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the stabilizer bar link from the strut assembly.
  8.  
  9. Remove the antilock brake system speed sensor from the strut assembly, if so equipped.
  10.  
  11. Remove the front axle hub assembly.
  12.  
  13. Remove the dust cover retaining bolts and remove the dust cover.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the lower control arm from the strut assembly.
  16.  
  17. Remove the three nuts and lock washers from the top of the strut inside the engine compartment.
  18.  
  19. Remove the bolts and nuts which attach the strut lower end to the steering knuckle lower arm and the lower control arm. Push the arm downward slightly, and then remove the strut assembly.
  20.  
  21. Remove the front strut and axle hub assembly and place it in a suitable vise. The strut must be mounted in a vise for further disassembly. It must not be mounted by the shock absorber shell as this part is machined perfectly round and can easily be distorted. A special tool is available from Toyota for this purpose, or you can obtain this coil spring compression tool from your local parts dealer.
  22.  
  23. Using a spring compression tool designed for this purpose, the spring must be compressed so there is no tension on the upper seat.
  24.  


WARNING
Failure to fully compress the spring and hold it securely before performing the next step is extremely hazardous.

  1. Hold the shock absorber seat (at top) with a large spanner wrench, and remove the nut from the top of the shock absorber.
  2.  
  3. Remove upper support, upper seat, dust cover, and spring.
  4.  
  5. Install the compressed spring onto the new strut cartridge being sure top align the hole in the upper suspension support with the shock absorber piston or end, so that they fit properly.
  6.  
  7. Always use a new nut and nylon washer on the shock absorber piston rod end when securing it to the upper suspension support. Tighten the nut to 34 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
  8.  

Do not use an impact wrench to tighten the nut.

  1. Coat the suspension support bearing with multipurpose grease prior to installation. Pack the space in the upper support with multipurpose grease, also, after installation.
  2.  

To install:

  1. Push the arm downward slightly, and then install the strut assembly. Install the bolts and nuts which attach the strut lower end to the steering knuckle lower arm. Tighten them to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the three nuts and lock washers to the top of the strut inside the engine compartment. Tighten them to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the dust cover.
  6.  
  7. Install the front axle hub assembly.
  8.  
  9. Install the ABS speed sensor assembly.
  10.  
  11. Install the brake caliper and brake pad assembly. Tighten the brake caliper slide pin bolts to 67 ft. lbs. (91 Nm). Reconnect the brake lines and bleed the brake system.
  12.  
  13. Connect the stabilizer bar link to the shock absorber. Tighten the bolts and nuts to 70 ft. lbs. (95 Nm).
  14.  
  15. Reinstall the wheel assembly. Lower the vehicle and road test the vehicle.
  16.  

 
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