Toyota Highlander 6 2001-06

Strut (MacPherson Strut) Assembly

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Overhaul (Coil Spring Removal & Installation)



  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    If equipped, be careful not to damage the oil seal, driveshaft boot and/or speed sensor rotor when removing the steering knuckle.



    Wheel
     



    Shock absorber (strut assembly)
     

  4.  
  5. Install a nut/bolt to the bracket at the lower portion of the strut assembly and secure it in a vise.
  6.  
  7. Compress the coil spring with a spring compressor.
    CAUTION
    The proper tools must be used for this procedure. The spring on the strut is under high pressure and can cause serious injury if not properly removed and installed.

  8.  
  9. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Center retaining nut, by holding the spring seat
     
    Support, dust seal, spring seat, insulator and spring from the strut assembly

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2001-03 models



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2004-06 models

     

  10.  

To install:

  1. Install the spring bumper and lower insulator to the strut assembly.
  2.  
  3. Compress the coil spring and fit the lower end of the spring into the spring seat gap.
  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Upper insulator, spring seat, dust seal, support and spring seat. Tighten the new retaining nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Strut
     
    Wheel
     

  6.  
  7. If required, bleed the brake system and check for leaks.
  8.  
  9. Check and/or adjust the front wheel alignment.
  10.  

Hybrid
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    If equipped, be careful not to damage the oil seal, driveshaft boot and/or speed sensor rotor when removing the steering knuckle.



    Wheel
     



    Shock absorber (strut assembly)
     

  4.  
  5. Install a nut/bolt to the bracket at the lower portion of the strut assembly and secure it in a vise.
  6.  
  7. Compress the coil spring with a spring compressor.
    CAUTION
    The proper tools must be used for this procedure. The spring on the strut is under high pressure and can cause serious injury if not properly removed and installed.

  8.  
  9. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Center retaining nut, by holding the spring seat
     
    Support, dust seal, spring seat, insulator and spring from the strut assembly
     

  10.  

To install:

  1. Install the spring bumper and lower insulator to the strut assembly.
  2.  
  3. Compress the coil spring and fit the lower end of the spring into the spring seat gap.
  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Upper insulator, spring seat, dust seal, support and spring seat. Tighten the new retaining nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Strut
     
    Wheel
     

  6.  
  7. If required, bleed the brake system and check for leaks.
  8.  
  9. Check and/or adjust the front wheel alignment.
  10.  

Removal & Installation



  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
    NOTE
    Do not support the weight of the vehicle on the suspension arm; the arm will deform under its weight.

  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Wheel
     
    Stabilizer bar link
     
    Brake hose and the Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) speed sensor wire from the strut
     
    Strut lower end from the steering knuckle lower arm
     
    3 upper strut mounting plate-to-upper wheel arch nuts
     
    Strut

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2001-03 models

     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Tighten the 3 suspension support-to-wheel arch nuts to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
     
    Tighten the strut-to-steering knuckle arm bolts to 155 ft. lbs. (210 Nm).
     
    Sway bar link to the strut. Tighten the nut to 55 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
     
    ABS speed sensor and the brake hose to the strut, if equipped
     
    Wheel
     

  2.  
  3. Check and/or adjust the front wheel alignment.
  4.  

  1. Remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the stabilizer bar link.
  4.  
  5. Loosen, don-t remove, the strut locknut.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the brake hose from the strut.
  8.  
  9. Remove the lower mounting bolts.
  10.  
  11. Remove the upper retaining nuts.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2004-06 models

  12.  

To install:

  1. Position the strut and install the upper nuts. Torque to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the lower bolts and torque to 170 ft. lbs. (230 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the brake line.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the strut locknut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect the stabilizer links and torque to 55 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the wheel. Torque to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
  12.  

Hybrid
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the stabilizer bar link.
  6.  
  7. Loosen, don-t remove, the strut locknut.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the brake hose from the strut.
  10.  
  11. Remove the lower mounting bolts.
  12.  
  13. Remove the upper retaining nuts.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Position the strut and install the upper nuts. Torque to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the lower bolts and torque to 214 ft. lbs. (290 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the brake line.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the strut locknut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect the stabilizer links and torque to 55 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the wheel. Torque to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
  12.  

 
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