Toyota Highlander Hybrid 6 2005-06

Accessory Drive Belts

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Adjustment



2.4L Engine

Belt tension is maintained by an automatic tensioner. No adjustment is necessary of possible.

3.0L And 3.3L Engines
  1. To adjust the A/C compressor-crankshaft pulley belt:
    1. Loosen bolt A.
    2.  
    3. Loosen bolt B.
    4.  
    5. Apply drive belt tension by turning bolt C. The belt tension should be 160-180 lbs. for a new belt, or 115-135 lbs. for a used belt.
      NOTE
      New belt refers to a belt which has been used for less than 5 minutes on a running engine. Used belt refers to a belt which has been used for 5 minutes or more on a running engine.



      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. A/C compressor-crankshaft pulley belt

    6.  
    7. Tighten bolt A to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Tighten bolt B to 13 ft. lbs. (18 Nm).
    10.  

  2.  
  3. To adjust the power steering (vane) pump belt:
    1. Loosen bolt A.
    2.  
    3. Loosen bolt B.
    4.  
    5. Apply drive belt tension by turning bolt C. The belt tension should be 132-154 lbs. for a new belt, or 55-88 lbs. for a used belt.
      NOTE
      New belt refers to a belt which has been used for less than 5 minutes on a running engine. Used belt refers to a belt which has been used for 5 minutes or more on a running engine.

    6.  
    7. Tighten bolt A to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Tighten bolt B to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
    10.  

  4.  

Drive Belt Routings





Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Accessory drive belt routing -2.4L engine



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Accessory drive belt routing -3.0L engine

Inspection



Inspect the drive belt for signs of glazing or cracking. A glazed belt will be perfectly smooth from slippage, while a good belt will have a slight texture of fabric visible. Cracks will usually start at the inner edge of the belt and run outward. All worn or damaged drive belts should be replaced immediately.

3.0L And 3.3L Engines

NOTE
There are two ways to inspect the belt tension: the Belt Tension Gauge Method and the Deflection Method. Both are outlined below.

Belt Tension Gauge Method

  1. Attach a suitable belt tension gauge to the belt where shown in the accompanying illustration, and measure the tension of the belt. Follow the manufacture's instructions. If the belt is worn or damaged, replace it.
  2.  
  3. For the A/C compressor-alternator belt, the tension should be:
    1. Used Belt: 66-110 lbs. (294-490 N)
    2.  
    3. New Belt: 139-192 lbs. (617-853 N)
    4.  

  4.  
  5. For the power steering (vane) pump belt, the tension should be:
    1. Used Belt: 73-117 lbs. (323-513 N)
    2.  
    3. New Belt: 146-190 lbs. (647-843 N)
    4.  

  6.  
  7. If you installed a new belt, run the engine for 5 minutes, then readjust the belt to the used belt specifications.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Measuring points for belt tension/deflection

  8.  

Deflection Method

  1. Apply a force of 22 lbs. (98 N) and measure the deflection between the points shown in the accompanying figure.
  2.  
  3. For the A/C compressor-alternator belt, the deflection should be:
    1. Used Belt: 0.43-0.53 in. (11.0-13.5mm)
    2.  
    3. New Belt: 0.36-0.41 in. (9.1-10.5mm)
    4.  

  4.  
  5. For the power steering (vane) pump belt, the deflection should be:
    1. Used Belt: 0.39-0.47 in. (10.0-12.0mm)
    2.  
    3. New Belt: 0.28-0.35 in. (7.0-9.0mm)
    4.  

  6.  
  7. If you installed a new belt, run the engine for 5 minutes, then readjust the belt to the used belt specifications.
  8.  

Removal & Installation



2.4L Engine
  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the right front wheel and tire assembly.
  4.  
  5. Remove the right front fender splash shield.
  6.  
  7. Remove the right front fender apron seal.
  8.  
  9. Remove the right engine mounting stay no.2.
  10.  
  11. Remove the engine cover sub-assembly no.1.
  12.  
  13. Remove the engine moving control rod with the bracket.
  14.  
  15. Remove the right side engine mounting bracket no.2.
  16.  
  17. Remove the fan and alternator v belt, as follows:
    1. Slowly turn the belt tensioner clockwise for more than 3 seconds using Special Service Tool 09843-18030, and then remove the drive belt.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Belt removal and installation-2.4L engine

    2.  

  18.  

To install:

  1. Slowly turn the belt tensioner clockwise for more than 3 seconds using the special tool, and install the drive belt, then carefully release the tensioner. Make sure the belt is properly routed.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Accessory drive belt routing -2.4L engine

  2.  
  3. Install the right side engine mounting bracket no. 2 and tighten the retainers to 38 ft. lbs. (52 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the engine moving control rod with bracket
  6.  
  7. Install the right side engine mounting stay no.2 and tighten the retainers to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the right front wheel and tire assembly.
  10.  
  11. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  12.  

3.0L And 3.3L Engines
  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the right front wheel and tire assembly.
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine under cover.
  6.  
  7. Remove the right front fender apron seal
  8.  
  9. To remove the A/C compressor-crankshaft pulley belt :
    1. Loosen bolts A and B.
    2.  
    3. Loosen adjusting bolt C and remove the belt.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Loosen bolts A and B, loosen the adjustment bolt C, then remove the A/C compressor-crankshaft pulley belt-3.0L and 3.3L engines

    4.  

  10.  
  11. To remove the power steering (vane) pump V-belt:
    1. Loosen bolts A and B, and remove the belt.
    2.  

  12.  

To install:

  1. To install the power steering (vane) pump V-belt:
    1. Install the belt on each pulley.
    2.  
    3. Using a bar, adjust the belt tension and tighten bolt B to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Tighten bolt A to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Power steering (vane) pump removal and installation-3.0L and 3.3L engines

    6.  

  2.  
  3. To install the A/C compressor-crankshaft pulley belt:
    1. Install the belt on each pulley.
    2.  
    3. Tighten adjusting bolt C, and adjust the belt tension.
    4.  
    5. First tighten bolt A to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm), and then B to 13 ft. lbs. (18 Nm).
    6.  

  4.  
  5. Check belt tension, as outlined earlier in this section.
  6.  
  7. Install the right front wheel and tire assembly.
  8.  
  9. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  10.  

 
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