Toyota Highlander Hybrid 6 2005-06

Strut (MacPherson Strut) Assembly

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Overhaul (Coil Spring Removal & Installation)



  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    If equipped, be careful not to damage the oil seal, driveshaft boot and/or speed sensor rotor when removing the steering knuckle.



    Wheel
     



    Shock absorber (strut assembly)
     

  4.  
  5. Install a nut/bolt to the bracket at the lower portion of the strut assembly and secure it in a vise.
  6.  
  7. Compress the coil spring with a spring compressor.
    CAUTION
    The proper tools must be used for this procedure. The spring on the strut is under high pressure and can cause serious injury if not properly removed and installed.

  8.  
  9. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Center retaining nut, by holding the spring seat
     
    Support, dust seal, spring seat, insulator and spring from the strut assembly

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2001-03 models



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2004-06 models

     

  10.  

To install:

  1. Install the spring bumper and lower insulator to the strut assembly.
  2.  
  3. Compress the coil spring and fit the lower end of the spring into the spring seat gap.
  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Upper insulator, spring seat, dust seal, support and spring seat. Tighten the new retaining nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Strut
     
    Wheel
     

  6.  
  7. If required, bleed the brake system and check for leaks.
  8.  
  9. Check and/or adjust the front wheel alignment.
  10.  

Hybrid
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE
    If equipped, be careful not to damage the oil seal, driveshaft boot and/or speed sensor rotor when removing the steering knuckle.



    Wheel
     



    Shock absorber (strut assembly)
     

  4.  
  5. Install a nut/bolt to the bracket at the lower portion of the strut assembly and secure it in a vise.
  6.  
  7. Compress the coil spring with a spring compressor.
    CAUTION
    The proper tools must be used for this procedure. The spring on the strut is under high pressure and can cause serious injury if not properly removed and installed.

  8.  
  9. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Center retaining nut, by holding the spring seat
     
    Support, dust seal, spring seat, insulator and spring from the strut assembly
     

  10.  

To install:

  1. Install the spring bumper and lower insulator to the strut assembly.
  2.  
  3. Compress the coil spring and fit the lower end of the spring into the spring seat gap.
  4.  
  5. Install or connect the following:

    Upper insulator, spring seat, dust seal, support and spring seat. Tighten the new retaining nut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
     
    Strut
     
    Wheel
     

  6.  
  7. If required, bleed the brake system and check for leaks.
  8.  
  9. Check and/or adjust the front wheel alignment.
  10.  

Removal & Installation



  1. Remove the wheel.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the stabilizer bar link.
  4.  
  5. Loosen, don-t remove, the strut locknut.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the brake hose from the strut.
  8.  
  9. Remove the lower mounting bolts.
  10.  
  11. Remove the upper retaining nuts.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Front strut and related parts-2004-06 models

  12.  

To install:

  1. Position the strut and install the upper nuts. Torque to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the lower bolts and torque to 170 ft. lbs. (230 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the brake line.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the strut locknut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect the stabilizer links and torque to 55 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the wheel. Torque to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
  12.  

Hybrid
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the stabilizer bar link.
  6.  
  7. Loosen, don-t remove, the strut locknut.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the brake hose from the strut.
  10.  
  11. Remove the lower mounting bolts.
  12.  
  13. Remove the upper retaining nuts.
  14.  

To install:

  1. Position the strut and install the upper nuts. Torque to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the lower bolts and torque to 214 ft. lbs. (290 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the brake line.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the strut locknut to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect the stabilizer links and torque to 55 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the wheel. Torque to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm).
  12.  

 
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