Toyota Pick-ups/Land Cruiser/4Runner 1970-1988

Camshaft And Bearings

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See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



To service the camshaft on the F, 2F and 3F-E Engines, please refer to the previous Timing Gear Removal & Installation procedure.

All Except F, 2F and 3F-E Engines
  1. Perform the Cylinder Head Removal procedure (for your engine) far enough to gain access to the camshaft bearing cap bolts. If you are going to remove the head anyway, remove the cam after removing the cylinder head.
  2.  
  3. Prior to removing the camshaft, measure its end-play with a feeler gauge. The end-play limit is 0.25mm for gasoline engines and 0.3mm for diesels. If the end-play is beyond this, replace the head.
  4.  
  5. Use a 12mm wrench to remove the bearing cap bolts. Remove the caps. Keep them in order, or mark them.
  6.  
  7. Measure the bearing oil clearance by placing a piece of Plastigage® on each journal. Replace the caps and tighten their bolts to 13-16 ft. lbs. (18-22 Nm)
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  9. Remove the caps and measure each piece of Plastigage®. If the clearance is greater than 0.1mm, replace the head and cam.
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  11. Lift the camshaft out of the head.
  12.  

To install:
  1. Coat all of the camshaft bearing journals with engine oil.
  2.  
  3. Lay the camshaft in the head.
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  5. Install the bearing caps in numerical order with their arrows pointing forward (toward the front of the engine).
  6.  
  7. Install the cap bolts and tighten them to 13-16 ft. lbs.
  8.  
  9. Complete the cylinder head installation procedure as previously outlined.
  10.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Use a flat feeler gauge to measure the camshaft end-play



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Fig. Fig. 2: Use a piece of Plastigage® to measure the camshaft bearing oil clearance



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Fig. Fig. 3: Number or mark the camshaft bearing caps for latter installation



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Fig. Fig. 4: Measure lobe height (shown) and journal diameter with a micrometer



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Fig. Fig. 5: Camshaft run-out must be measured with dial indicator



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Fig. Fig. 6: Use an inside micrometer to measure camshaft housing bore diameter

CAMSHAFT INSPECTION



A dial indicator, micrometer and inside micrometer are all needed to properly measure the camshaft and camshaft housing. If these instruments are available to you, proceed; if they are not available, have the parts checked at a reputable machine shop. Camshaft specifications are included in a table in this section.

  1. Using the micrometer, measure the height of each cam lobe. If a lobe height is less than the minimum specified, the lobe is worn and the cam must be replaced. Minimum intake and exhaust lobe heights are as follows:

    8R-C: 43.7mm Intake; 43.8mm Exhaust
     
    18R-C: 43.7mm Intake; 43.8mm Exhaust
     
    20R: 42.6mm Intake; 42.7mm Exhaust
     
    22R, 22R-E, 22R-TE: 42.6mm Intake; 42.7mm Exhaust
     
    3VZ-E: 47.9mm Intake and Exhaust
     
    1L, 2L: 46.8mm Intake; 47.2mm Exhaust
     
    2L-T: 46.3mm Intake; 47.2mm Exhaust
     
    F, 2F, 3F-E: 38.4mm Intake; 38.3mm Exhaust
     

  2.  
  3. Place the cam in V-blocks and measure its run-out at the center journal with a dial indicator. Replace the cam if run-out exceeds:

    0.20mm - 8R-C, 18R-C, 20R, 22R, 22R-E, 22R-TE
     
    0.06mm - 3VZ-E
     
    0.30mm - F, 2F, 3F-E
     
    0.05mm - 1L, 2L, 2L-T
     

  4.  

  1. Using the micrometer, measure journal diameter, jot down the readings and compare the readings with those listed in the Camshaft Specifications chart. Measure the housing bore inside diameter with the inside micrometer, and jot the measurements down. Subtract the journal diameter measurement from the housing bore measurement. If the clearance is greater than the maximum listed under Bearing Clearance in the chart, replace the camshaft and/or the housing.
  2.  

 
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