Toyota Pick-ups/Land Cruiser/4Runner 1989-1996

Knuckle and Spindle

Print

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Pick-Up
  1. Raise the front of the truck and support with safety stands. Remove the wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the brake caliper from the mount but do not disconnect the brake line. Use stiff wire to support the caliper out of the way. Remove the brake rotor and hub.
  4.  


CAUTION
Brake pads and shoes may contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air. Avoid inhaling any dust from brake surfaces. When cleaning brakes, use commercially available brake cleaning fluids.

  1. Remove the 2 cotter pins and bolts and remove the dust cover.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the knuckle arm from the steering knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Position a floor jack under the lower control arm and disconnect the ball joints.
  6.  
  7. Remove the steering knuckle.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Install the steering knuckle into the 2 ball joints and tighten the upper nut to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm). Tighten the lower nut to 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm). Install new cotter pins.
  2.  
  3. Install the knuckle arm and dust cover. Tighten the bolts to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm) and secure them with new cotter pins.
  4.  
  5. Install the brake disc and hub and install the brake caliper.
  6.  
  7. Install the wheels, lower the truck and check the alignment.
  8.  
  9. Bleed the brake system.
  10.  

4Runner
1989-95 MODELS
  1. Raise the front of the truck and support with safety stands. Remove the wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the brake caliper from the mount but do not disconnect the brake line. Use stiff wire to support the caliper out of the way. Remove the brake rotor and hub.
  4.  
  5. Remove the 2 cotter pins and bolts and remove the dust cover.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the knuckle arm from the steering knuckle.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the shock absorber from the lower control arm.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the stabilizer bar from the lower control arm by removing the nut and cushion. Disconnect the stabilizer bar link from the suspension arm.
  12.  
  13. Remove the cotter pin and nut from the upper ball joint.
  14.  
  15. With a ball joint separator, disconnect the steering knuckle from the upper ball joint.
  16.  
  17. Remove the bolts from the lower ball joint. Disconnect the steering knuckle from the joint. Push the lower control arm down and remove the knuckle.
  18.  

To install:
  1. Push the lower control arm down and install the steering knuckle. Connect the lower ball joint to the steering knuckle, then tighten the bolts to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Attach the upper ball joint to the knuckle, then tighten the nut to 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install all new cotter pins.
  6.  
  7. Connect the knuckle arm to the steering knuckle as follows:
    1. Clean the threads of the bolts and steering knuckle with trichloroethylene.
    2.  
    3. Apply sealant to the bolt threads such as Three Bond 1324 or equivalent. Tighten the bolts to 135 ft. lbs. (183 Nm).
    4.  

  8.  
  9. Install the dust cover, tighten the bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Pack the bearings with multi-purpose grease and coat the inside of the hub and cap.
  12.  
  13. Install the inner bearing and oil seal.
  14.  
  15. Install the hub and rotor assembly.
  16.  
  17. Bleed the brake system.
  18.  
  19. Have the alignment checked at a reputable repair facility.
  20.  

T100

See Figure 1

  1. Remove the front wheel.
  2.  
  3. On models with ABS, remove the speed sensor from the steering knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the caliper.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the front hub and steering knuckle and other suspension components-T100

  1. Check the axle hub bearing backlash as follows:
    1. Remove the cap, cotter pin and lock cap.
    2.  
    3. Place a dial indicator near the center of the axle hub and check that the backlash in the bearing shaft direction.
    4.  
    5. The maximum is 0.0020 in. (0.05mm). If the backlash is not within specifications, replace the bearing.
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Remove the hub with the rotor.
  4.  
  5. Remove the oil seal and inner bearing.
  6.  
  7. Remove the dust cover.
  8.  
  9. Unbolt the knuckle arm from the steering knuckle.
  10.  
  11. Support the lower control arm with a suitable jack.
  12.  
  13. Remove the upper and lower cotter pins.
  14.  
  15. Remove the upper and lower nuts.
  16.  
  17. With a ball joint remover, separate the steering knuckle from the upper and lower ball joints.
  18.  
  19. Remove the knuckle.
  20.  

To install:
  1. Support thew lower control arm with a jack.
  2.  
  3. Install the steering knuckle to the upper ball joint and nut. Push down the upper control arm and steering knuckle to the lower ball joint and nut. Tighten the upper ball joint nut to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Tighten the lower ball joint nut to 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install new cotter pins.
  8.  
  9. Attach the knuckle arm to the steering knuckle as follows:
    1. Clean the threads of the bolts and steering knuckle with trichloroethylene.
    2.  
    3. Apply sealant to the bolt threads such as Three Bond 1324 or equivalent. Tighten the bolts to 135 ft. lbs. (183 Nm).
    4.  

  10.  
  11. Install the dust cover, tighten the bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Pack the bearings with multi-purpose grease and coat the inside of the hub and cap.
  14.  
  15. Install the inner bearing and oil seal.
  16.  
  17. Install the hub and rotor assembly.
  18.  
  19. Adjust the preload.
  20.  
  21. Install the lock cap, cotter pin and grease cap.
  22.  
  23. Attach the brake caliper.
  24.  
  25. On models with ABS, connect the ABS speed sensor to steering knuckle, tighten to 71 inch lbs. (8 Nm).
  26.  
  27. Install the front wheel.
  28.  
  29. Lower the vehicle, tighten the lug nuts.
  30.  
  31. Check the front end alignment.
  32.  
  33. On ABS vehicles, check the ABS speed sensor signal.
  34.  
  35. Bleed the brake system.
  36.  

Tacoma
  1. Remove the front wheel.
  2.  
  3. On models with ABS, remove the speed sensor from the steering knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the caliper.
  6.  
  7. Check the axle hub bearing backlash as follows:
    1. Remove the cap, cotter pin and lock cap.
    2.  
    3. Place a dial indicator near the center of the axle hub and check that the backlash in the bearing shaft direction.
    4.  
    5. The maximum is 0.0020 in. (0.05mm). If the backlash is not within specifications, replace the bearing.
    6.  

  8.  
  9. Remove the hub with the rotor.
  10.  
  11. Remove the oil seal and inner bearing.
  12.  
  13. Remove the dust cover.
  14.  
  15. remove the stabilizer bar link.
  16.  
  17. Support the lower control arm with a jack.
  18.  
  19. Loosen the ball joint set bolts. Remove the cotter pin and discard it, then loosen the nut.
  20.  
  21. With a special tool 09628-62011 or its equivalent, remove the ball joint from the steering knuckle.
  22.  
  23. Remove the ball joint set bolts, then the nut and steering knuckle.
  24.  

To install:
  1. Support the lower control arm with a jack.
  2.  
  3. Install the steering knuckle to the upper ball joint and nut. Push down the upper control arm and steering knuckle to the lower ball joint and nut. Tighten the upper ball joint nut to 80 ft. lbs. (110 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Tighten the lower ball joint nut to 116 ft. lbs. (160 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install new cotter pins.
  8.  
  9. Install the dust cover, tighten the bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the stabilizer bar link.
  12.  
  13. Pack the bearings with multi-purpose grease and coat the inside of the hub and cap.
  14.  
  15. Install the inner bearing and oil seal.
  16.  
  17. Attach the knuckle arm to the steering knuckle as follows:
    1. Clean the threads of the bolts and steering knuckle with trichloroethylene.
    2.  
    3. Apply sealant to the bolt threads such as Three Bond 1324 or equivalent. Tighten the bolts to 135 ft. lbs. (183 Nm).
    4.  

  18.  
  19. Install the hub and rotor assembly.
  20.  
  21. Adjust the preload.
  22.  
  23. Install the lock cap, cotter pin and grease cap.
  24.  
  25. Attach the brake caliper.
  26.  
  27. On models with ABS, connect the ABS speed sensor to steering knuckle, tighten to 71 inch lbs. (8 Nm).
  28.  
  29. Install the front wheel.
  30.  
  31. Lower the vehicle, tighten the lug nuts.
  32.  
  33. Check the front end alignment.
  34.  
  35. On ABS vehicles, check the ABS speed sensor signal.
  36.  
  37. Bleed the brake system.
  38.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo