Toyota Pick-ups/Land Cruiser/4Runner 1989-1996

Spark Plug Wires

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TESTING



See Figures 1 and 2

Every 36,000 miles (58,000 km) or so, the resistance of the wires should be checked with an ohmmeter. Wires with excessive resistance will cause misfiring, and may make the engine difficult to start in damp weather. Generally, the useful life of the cables is 36,000-50,000 miles (58,000-80,000 km).

To check resistance, remove the distributor cap, leaving the wires attached to the cap but removing them from the spark plugs. Look at each contact inside the cap for any sign of cracking or burning. A small amount of discoloration is normal but there should be no heavy burn marks or contact marks. Connect one lead of an ohmmeter to an electrode within the cap; connect the other lead to the corresponding spark plug terminal. Replace any wire which shows a resistance over 25,000 ohms.



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Fig. Fig. 1: Check the inside of the cap for burning, cracks or wear

Test the high tension lead from the coil by connecting the ohmmeter between the center contact in the distributor cap and either of the primary terminals of the coil. If resistance is more than 25,000 ohms, remove the cable from the coil and check the resistance of the cable alone. Anything over 15,000 ohms is cause for replacement. It should be remembered that resistance is also a function of length; the longer the cable, the greater the resistance. Thus, if the cables on your truck are longer than the factory originals, resistance will be higher, quite possibly outside these limits. Toyota recommends the 25,000 ohm limit be observed in all cases.



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Fig. Fig. 2: Use an ohmmeter to test the high tension wires

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figure 3

At every tune-up, visually inspect the spark plug cables for burns, cuts, or breaks in the insulation. Check the boots and the nipples on the distributor cap and coil. Replace any damaged wiring. Always replace spark plug wiring in sets, with a coil wire as well. Length is important; get the correct set for your vehicle.

When installing new cables, replace them one at a time to avoid mix-ups. Start by replacing the longest one first. Install the boot firmly over the spark plug. Route the wire over the same path as the original. Insert the nipple firmly into the tower on the cap or the coil.



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Fig. Fig. 3: Never pull on the wire; always grasp the boot of the spark plug wire

 
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