Toyota Pick-ups/Land Cruiser/4Runner 1989-1996

Steering Column

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Pick-Up and 4Runner
1989-95 MODELS

See Figures 1 and 2

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering wheel. Matchmark the wheel and mainshaft.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the steering column-1989-95 Pick-Up and 4Runner



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Before removing a steering wheel, always matchmark the wheel and mainshaft

  1. Remove the lower left side dash trim panel. Remove the heater duct (No. 1) from below the dash.
  2.  
  3. Remove the upper and lower steering column covers.
  4.  
  5. Unplug the wiring connectors for the combination switch and the ignition switch.
  6.  
  7. Remove the combination switch.
  8.  
  9. Below the vehicle, at the steering gearbox, make matchmarks on the steering mainshaft and the worm shaft entering the gearbox. Loosen or remove the pinchbolt holding the mainshaft to the worm shaft.
  10.  
  11. Inside the vehicle, remove the bolts holding the rubber steering hole cover to the floorboard.
  12.  
  13. Remove one of the two bolts holding the steering column to the instrument panel subframe. Remove the nut(s) holding the column.
  14.  
  15. Have an assistant support the steering column inside the vehicle before removing the other mounting bolt. The column is heavy and will come down heavily on you if not supported.
  16.  
  17. Pull the assembly into the vehicle, disconnecting the mainshaft from the steering gearbox. Remove the steering column from the vehicle.
  18.  

To install:
  1. Place the column assembly into the vehicle and fit the mainshaft through the floor hole.
  2.  
  3. Under the vehicle, align the matchmarks and fit the shaft onto the worm gear. Make certain the marks align exactly. For Pick-Ups and 4Runner, install the pinch bolt and tighten it to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  4.  
  5. In the cab, lift the column into position and install the retaining bolts, tightening them to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Reposition the floor hole cover and install the bolts.
  8.  
  9. Install the combination switch.
  10.  
  11. Attach the wiring harnesses for the ignition and combination switches.
  12.  
  13. Install the upper and lower steering column covers.
  14.  
  15. Install the heater duct; install the lower left dash trim panel.
  16.  
  17. Install the steering wheel and center pad.
  18.  
  19. Connect the negative battery cable.
  20.  

1996 MODELS

See Figure 3

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  


CAUTION
Work must be started after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative (-) battery cable is disconnected.

  1. Remove the steering wheel pad.
    1. Place the front wheels straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Remove the two steering wheel lower No. 2 covers.
    4.  
    5. Using a Torx® driver, loosen the Torx® screws. Loosen them until the groove along the screw circumference catches on the screw case.
    6.  
    7. Pull out the wheel pad from the steering wheel and disconnect the air bag connector.
    8.  

  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Exploded view of the steering column-1996 4Runner


CAUTION
The air bag system (SRS) must be disarmed before removing the steering wheel. Failure to do so may cause accidental deployment, property damage or personal injury. Always store the air bag with the pad facing upward.

  1. Matchmark the steering wheel to the mainshaft. Using a steering wheel puller, remove the steering wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the upper and lower column covers.
  4.  
  5. Remove the instrument lower finish panel. Disconnect the hood lock control cable and fuel lid control cable.
  6.  
  7. Remove the No. 2 heater register duct.
  8.  
  9. Remove the combination switch with the spiral cable.
    1. Unplug the two connectors and the air bag wiring.
    2.  

  10.  
  11. Remove the spiral cable.
  12.  
  13. Remove the brake pedal return spring.
  14.  
  15. Remove the intermediate shaft No. 2.
    1. Place matchmarks on the universal joint No. 2 and the intermediate shaft No. 2. Remove the A bolt.
    2.  
    3. Place matchmarks on the intermediate shaft No. 2 and the control valve shaft. Remove the B bolt.
    4.  
    5. Slide the intermediate shaft No. 2 and remove the shaft.
    6.  

  16.  
  17. Remove the column hole cover and the column hose cover No. 2 set bolt.
  18.  
  19. Remove the steering column assembly with the universal joint No. 2.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the universal joint No. 2.
    1. Place matchmarks on the steering column assembly and the universal joint No. 2.
    2.  
    3. Remove the bolt. Remove the column hole cover and the column hose cover No. 2.
    4.  

  22.  

To install:
  1. Connect the universal joint No. 2.
    1. Insert the column hole cover and the column hole cover No. 2.
    2.  
    3. Align the matchmarks on the column assembly and the universal joint No. 2.
    4.  
    5. Tighten the bolt to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Install the column assembly with the universal joint No. 2. Tighten the nuts to 18 ft. lbs. (26 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the column hole cover and the column hole cover No. 2. Tighten the five bolts to 5.9 ft. lbs. (8 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Install the intermediate shaft No. 2.
    1. Align the matchmarks on the universal joint No. 2 and the intermediate shaft No. 2.
    2.  
    3. Align the matchmarks on the control valve shaft and the intermediate shaft No. 2.
    4.  
    5. Tighten the A and B bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    6.  

  8.  
  9. Install the brake pedal return spring.
  10.  
  11. Install the combination switch the with the spiral cable. Attach the air bag connector.
  12.  
  13. Install the upper and lower column covers.
  14.  
  15. Install the instrument lower finish panel. Connect the hood lock and the fuel lid control cables.
  16.  
  17. Center the spiral cable.
    1. Check that the front wheels are facing straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Turn the cable counterclockwise by hand until it becomes harder to turn the cable.
    4.  
    5. Rotate the cable clockwise about three turns to align the red mark. The cable will rotate about three turns to either left or right of the center.
    6.  

  18.  
  19. Install the steering wheel.
    1. Align the matchmarks on the wheel and mainshaft assembly.
    2.  
    3. Attach the connector and tighten the wheel set nut to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
    4.  

  20.  
  21. Attach the air bag connector.
  22.  
  23. Install the wheel pad after confirming that the circumference groove of the Torx® screws is caught on the screw case.
  24.  
  25. Using a Torx® driver, tighten the screws to 6.6 ft. lbs. (9 Nm).
  26.  

If the wheel pad has been dropped or there are other defects, replace the wheel pad with a new one. Make sure that the wires do not interfere or are pinched between other parts when installing.

  1. Connect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Enable the air bag system.
  4.  
  5. Road test the vehicle to check that the steering wheel is straight.
  6.  

T100

See Figures 4 and 5

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  


CAUTION
Work must be started after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative (-) battery cable is disconnected.

  1. Remove the steering wheel pad.
    1. Place the front wheels straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Remove the steering wheel lower No. 2 and No. 3 cover.
    4.  
    5. Using a Torx® driver, loosen the Torx® screws. Loosen them until the groove along the screw circumference catches on the screw case.
    6.  
    7. Pull out the wheel pad from the steering wheel and disconnect the air bag connector.
    8.  

  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Exploded view of the steering column-T100 with automatic transmission



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Exploded view of the steering column-T100 with manual transmission


CAUTION
The air bag system (SRS) must be disarmed before removing the steering wheel. Failure to do so may cause accidental deployment, property damage or personal injury. Always store the air bag with the pad facing upward.

  1. Matchmark the steering wheel to the mainshaft. Using a steering wheel puller, remove the steering wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the upper and lower column covers.
  4.  
  5. Remove the instrument lower finish panel. Remove the hood release lever from the panel.
  6.  
  7. Remove the front door scuff plate and the cowl side trim. Remove the light control rheostat and locknut.
  8.  
  9. Remove the No. 2 heater register duct.
  10.  
  11. Remove the combination switch with the spiral cable. Unplug the two connectors and the air bag connector.
  12.  
  13. Remove the spiral cable.
  14.  
  15. If equipped with A/T, place matchmarks on the cap nut and the parking lock cable and remove the parking lock cable.
  16.  
  17. Disconnect the intermediate shaft assembly and the sliding with the shaft yoke sub-assembly.
    1. 4WD: Place matchmarks on the intermediate shaft and the worm gear valve shaft.
    2.  
    3. 2WD: Place matchmarks on the intermediate shaft and the control valve shaft.
    4.  
    5. Remove the bolts A, B and C.
    6.  

  18.  
  19. Remove the intermediate shaft assembly and the sliding with the shaft yoke sub-assembly.
  20.  
  21. Remove the steering column assembly.
    1. A/T: Remove the locking wire, the bolt and the control shaft lever.
    2.  
    3. Remove the two control shaft assembly mounting bolts from the steering column assembly.
    4.  
    5. Remove the steering column assembly with the control shaft assembly.
    6.  
    7. Remove the control shaft lever assembly from the steering column assembly.
    8.  
    9. M/T: Remove the two steering column assembly set bolts and nuts.
    10.  

  22.  

To install:
  1. Install the tilt steering column assembly.
    1. A/T: Install the control shaft assembly to the steering column assembly.
    2.  
    3. Tighten the two steering column assembly set bolts and nuts to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Install the control shaft lever and tighten the bolt to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    6.  
    7. M/T: Tighten the two sheering column assembly set bolts to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
    8.  

  2.  
  3. Connect the intermediate shaft assembly and the sliding with shaft yoke sub-assembly.
    1. Connect to the steering column assembly, tighten bolt C to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    2.  
    3. On 4WD vehicles: Align the matchmarks on the intermediate shaft and the worm gear valve body assembly. Tighten bolt A to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    4.  
    5. Tighten bolt B to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    6.  

  4.  
  5. If removed, connect and adjust the parking lock cable.
  6.  
  7. If removed, install the shift lever assembly and tighten the mounting bolts to 22 ft. lbs. (29 Nm).
  8.  
  9. If removed, install the parking lock cable.
  10.  
  11. Install the combination switch the with the spiral cable. Attach the air bag connector.
  12.  
  13. Install the duct heater to the register No. 2.
  14.  
  15. Install the front door scuff plate and the cowl side trim. Install the light control rheostat and the locknut.
  16.  
  17. Install the instrument lower finish panel. Install the hood release lever to the panel with the two screws.
  18.  
  19. Install the upper and lower column covers.
  20.  
  21. Center the spiral cable.
    1. Check that the front wheels are facing straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Turn the cable counterclockwise by hand until it becomes harder to turn the cable.
    4.  
    5. Rotate the cable clockwise about three turns to align the red mark. The cable will rotate about three turns to either left or right of the center.
    6.  

  22.  
  23. Install the steering wheel.
    1. Align the matchmarks on the wheel and mainshaft assembly.
    2.  
    3. Tighten the wheel set nut to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    4.  

  24.  
  25. Attach the air bag connector.
  26.  
  27. Install the wheel pad after confirming that the circumference groove of the Torx® screws is caught on the screw case.
  28.  
  29. Using a Torx® driver, tighten the screws to 7 ft. lbs. (9 Nm).
  30.  

If the wheel pad has been dropped or there are other defects, replace the wheel pad with a new one. Make sure that the wires do not interfere and are not pinched between other parts when installing.

  1. Connect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Road test the vehicle to check that the steering wheel is straight.
  4.  

Tacoma

See Figures 6 and 7

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  


CAUTION
Work must be started after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative (-) battery cable is disconnected.

  1. Disarm the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS).
  2.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 6: Exploded view of the steering column-Tacoma with floor shifter



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 7: Exploded view of the steering column-Tacoma with column shifter


CAUTION
The air bag system (SRS) must be disarmed before removing the steering wheel. Failure to do so may cause accidental deployment, property damage or personal injury. Always store the air bag with the pad facing upward.

  1. Remove the steering wheel pad.
    1. Place the front wheels straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Remove the steering wheel lower No. 2 and No. 3 cover.
    4.  
    5. Using a Torx® driver, loosen the Torx® screws. Loosen them until the groove along the screw circumference catches on the screw case.
    6.  
    7. Pull out the wheel pad from the steering wheel and disconnect the air bag connector.
    8.  

  2.  
  3. Matchmark the steering wheel to the mainshaft. Using a steering wheel puller, remove the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the upper and lower column covers.
  6.  
  7. Remove the instrument lower finish panel. Remove the hood release lever from the panel.
  8.  
  9. Remove the No. 2 heater register duct.
  10.  
  11. Remove the combination switch with the spiral cable.
    1. Unplug the two connectors and the air bag connector.
    2.  

  12.  
  13. Remove the spiral cable.
  14.  
  15. If equipped with column shift 2WD, disconnect the transmission control cable assembly.
    1. Remove the two bolts and disconnect junction block No. 1.
    2.  
    3. Remove the pin and clip and disconnect the cable assembly from the column shift lever assembly.
    4.  

  16.  
  17. 2WD: Remove the column hole cover.
  18.  
  19. 4WD: Remove the column hole cover No. 2.
  20.  
  21. Place matchmarks on the intermediate No. 2 shaft and the control valve shaft and remove the intermediate shaft.
  22.  
  23. Remove the steering column assembly.
  24.  

To install:
  1. Install the steering column assembly. Tighten the bolts to 19 ft. lbs. (26 Nm).
  2.  
  3. For the 2WD: install the intermediate No. 2 shaft and tighten bolts A and B to 27 ft. lbs. (36 Nm).
  4.  
  5. For the 2WD: Install the column hole cover and tighten the bolts to 6 ft. lbs. (8 Nm).
  6.  
  7. For the 4WD: install the intermediate No. 2 shaft and tighten bolts A and B to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  8.  
  9. For the 4WD: Install the column hole cover No. 2 and tighten the bolts to 6 ft. lbs. (8 Nm).
  10.  
  11. For the 2WD column shift, connect the transmission control cable assembly.
    1. Connect the cable assembly to the column shift lever assembly.
    2.  
    3. Install the pin and clip and connect the junction block No. 1 with the two bolts.
    4.  

  12.  
  13. Install the combination switch the with the spiral cable. Attach the air bag connector.
  14.  
  15. Install the duct heater to the register No. 2.
  16.  
  17. Install the instrument lower finish panel. Install the hood release lever to the panel with the two screws.
  18.  
  19. Install the upper and lower column covers.
  20.  
  21. Center the spiral cable.
    1. Check that the front wheels are facing straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Turn the cable counterclockwise by hand until it becomes harder to turn the cable.
    4.  
    5. Rotate the cable clockwise about three turns to align the red mark. The cable will rotate about three turns to either left or right of the center.
    6.  

  22.  
  23. Install the steering wheel.
    1. Align the matchmarks on the wheel and mainshaft assembly.
    2.  
    3. Attach the connector and tighten the wheel set nut to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
    4.  

  24.  
  25. Attach the air bag connector.
  26.  
  27. Install the wheel pad after confirming that the circumference groove of the Torx® screws is caught on the screw case.
  28.  
  29. Using a Torx® driver, tighten the screws to 7 ft. lbs. (9 Nm).
  30.  

If the wheel pad has been dropped or there are other defects, replace the wheel pad with a new one. Make sure that the wires do not interfere or are pinched between other parts when installing.

  1. Connect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Enable the SRS system.
  4.  
  5. Road test the vehicle to check that the steering wheel is straight.
  6.  

Land Cruiser
1989-90 MODELS

See Figure 8

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the center pad and the steering wheel.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 8: Exploded view of the steering column-1989-90 Land Cruiser

  1. Remove the upper and lower steering column covers.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the wiring harnesses for the combination and ignition switches. Remove the combination switch.
  4.  
  5. Remove the lower left air duct under the dash.
  6.  
  7. Remove the bolts holding the steering hole cover to the floorboard. Slide the cover up the shaft.
  8.  
  9. Just behind the hole cover is a flexible joint holding the upper intermediate steering shaft to the lower intermediate shaft. The pinch bolt is at the engine side of the joint; matchmark the lower shaft and the joint. Loosen or remove the pinch bolt.
  10.  
  11. Have an assistant support the steering column in the vehicle. Remove the two nuts holding the column to the dashboard subframe.
  12.  
  13. Pull the column into the vehicle, releasing the flexible joint from the lower shaft. Remove the column from the cab.
  14.  

To install:
  1. Install the column assembly into the vehicle, fitting the flexible joint onto the lower shaft and aligning the matchmarks. Install the pinch bolt and tighten it to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Lift the column into position and install the nuts; tighten them to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Fit the hole cover into place and install the bolts.
  6.  
  7. Install the combination switch. Connect the harnesses for the ignition and combination switches.
  8.  
  9. Install the under dash air duct.
  10.  
  11. Install the upper and lower steering column covers.
  12.  
  13. Install the steering wheel and center pad.
  14.  
  15. Connect the negative battery cable.
  16.  

1991-94 MODELS
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Remove the lower left side dash trim panel. Remove the heater duct (No. 1) from below the dash.
  6.  
  7. Remove the upper and lower steering column covers.
  8.  
  9. Unplug the wiring connectors for the combination switch and the ignition switch.
  10.  
  11. Remove the combination switch.
  12.  
  13. Below the vehicle, at the steering gearbox, make matchmarks on the steering mainshaft and the worm shaft entering the gearbox. Disconnect the bolts holding the coupling to the worm gear and to the shaft.
  14.  
  15. Inside the vehicle, remove the bolts holding the rubber steering hole cover to the floorboard.
  16.  
  17. Remove one of the two bolts holding the steering column to the instrument panel subframe. Remove the nut(s) holding the column.
  18.  
  19. Have an assistant support the steering column inside the vehicle before removing the other mounting bolt. The column is heavy and will come down heavily on you if not supported.
  20.  
  21. Pull the assembly into the vehicle, disconnecting the mainshaft from the steering gearbox. Remove the steering column from the vehicle.
  22.  

To install:
  1. Place the column assembly into the vehicle and fit the mainshaft through the floor hole.
  2.  
  3. Under the vehicle, align the matchmarks and fit the shaft onto the worm gear. Make certain the marks align exactly. Install the 2 bolts and tighten them to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
  4.  
  5. In the cab, lift the column into position and install the retaining bolts, tightening them to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Reposition the floor hole cover and install the bolts.
  8.  
  9. Install the combination switch.
  10.  
  11. Connect the wiring harnesses for the ignition and combination switches.
  12.  
  13. Install the upper and lower steering column covers.
  14.  
  15. Install the heater duct; install the lower left dash trim panel.
  16.  
  17. Install the steering wheel and center pad.
  18.  
  19. Connect the negative battery cable.
  20.  

1995-96 MODELS

See Figure 9

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  


CAUTION
Work must be started after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative (-) battery cable is disconnected.

  1. Remove the steering wheel pad.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 9: Exploded view of the steering column-1995-96 Land Cruiser

    1. Place the front wheels straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Remove the steering wheel lower No. 2 and No. 3 cover.
    4.  
    5. Using a Torx® driver, loosen the Torx® screws. Loosen them until the groove along the screw circumference catches on the screw case.
    6.  
    7. Pull out the wheel pad from the steering wheel and disconnect the air bag connector.
    8.  

  2.  


CAUTION
The air bag system (SRS) must be disarmed before removing the steering wheel. Failure to do so may cause accidental deployment, property damage or personal injury. Always store the air bag with the pad facing upward.

  1. Matchmark the steering wheel to the mainshaft. Using a steering wheel puller, remove the steering wheel.
  2.  
  3. Remove the instrument lower finish panel. Disconnect the hood lock control cable and fuel lid control cable.
  4.  
  5. Remove the No. 2 heater register duct.
  6.  
  7. Remove the upper and lower column covers.
  8.  
  9. Remove the combination switch with the spiral cable. Unplug the two connectors and the air bag connector.
  10.  
  11. Remove the spiral cable.
  12.  
  13. Remove the four column hole cover set bolts.
  14.  
  15. Remove the link joint protector.
  16.  
  17. Place matchmarks on the sliding yoke sub-assembly and the worm gear valve body shaft. Loosen bolt A and remove bolt B. Remove the yoke sub-assembly.
  18.  
  19. Remove the tilt steering column assembly.
  20.  

To install:
  1. Install the tilt steering column assembly. Tighten the bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Align the matchmarks and connect the sliding yoke sub-assembly. Tighten bolts A and B to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the link joint protector. Tighten the bolts to 9 ft. lbs. (12 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Tighten the four column hole cover set bolts to 9 ft. lbs. (12 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the combination switch the with the spiral cable. Attach the air bag connector.
  10.  
  11. Install the upper and lower column covers.
  12.  
  13. Install the instrument lower finish panel. Connect the hood lock and the fuel lid control cables.
  14.  
  15. Center the spiral cable.
    1. Check that the front wheels are facing straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Turn the cable counterclockwise by hand until it becomes harder to turn the cable.
    4.  
    5. Rotate the cable clockwise about three turns to align the red mark. The cable will rotate about three turns to either left or right of the center.
    6.  

  16.  
  17. Install the steering wheel.
    1. Align the matchmarks on the wheel and mainshaft assembly.
    2.  
    3. Attach the connector and tighten the wheel set nut to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
    4.  

  18.  
  19. Attach the air bag connector.
  20.  
  21. Install the wheel pad after confirming that the circumference groove of the Torx® screws is caught on the screw case.
  22.  
  23. Using a Torx® driver, tighten the screws to 7 ft. lbs. (9 Nm).
  24.  

If the wheel pad has been dropped or there are other defects, replace the wheel pad with a new one. Make sure that the wires do not interfere or are pinched between other parts when installing.

  1. Connect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Enable the air bag system.
  4.  
  5. Road test the vehicle to check that the steering wheel is straight.
  6.  

 
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