Toyota Pick-ups/Land Cruiser/4Runner 1989-1996

Steering Linkage

Print

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



2WD Pick-Up

See Figure 1

Before working on any of the following steering linkage components, disconnect the battery cable, raise the front of the truck and support it with safety stands.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the 2WD Pick-Up and 4Runner steering linkage components

PITMAN ARM



  1. Remove the strut bar.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the Pitman arm nut.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod end puller or similar tool, disconnect the Pitman arm from the sector shaft.
  6.  
  7. Using a tie rod end puller or similar tool, disconnect the Pitman arm from the relay rod.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Align the marks on the Pitman arm and sector shaft and connect them. Tighten the nut to 90 ft. lbs. (123 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the arm to the relay rod and tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the strut bar.
  6.  

TIE ROD
  1. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the knuckle arm.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tie rod and remove the tie rod ends.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Screw the tie rod ends onto the tie rod. The tie rod length should be approximately (314.5mm). The remaining length of threads on both ends should always be equal.
  2.  
  3. Turn the tie rod ends so they cross at about 90°. Tighten the clamp nuts to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod to the knuckle arm and relay rod and tighten the mounting nuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  6.  

RELAY ROD
  1. Disconnect the tie rod ends from the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the Pitman arm from the relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the idler arm from the relay rod.
  6.  
  7. Remove the rod and inspect it for cracks or other damage.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Connect the relay rod to the idler arm to the relay rod and tighten the nut 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the relay rod to the Pitman arm, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod ends to the relay rod, then tighten the nuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  6.  

KNUCKLE ARM
  1. Remove the front axle hub.
  2.  
  3. Separate the tie rod at the knuckle arm, then remove the arm.
  4.  
  5. Inspect the arm for cracks or other damage.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Install the arm to the steering knuckle and tighten the nut to 80 ft. lbs. (108 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the tie rod to the knuckle arm, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the front axle hub.
  6.  

STEERING DAMPER
  1. Separate the steering damper at the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the damper at the frame, then remove the damper with all washers and cushions.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Install the damper to the frame bracket and tighten the nut to 9 ft. lbs. (13 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the other end of the steering damper to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm).
  4.  

IDLER ARM
  1. Separate the relay rod from the idler arm.
  2.  
  3. Remove the 3 mounting bolts and remove the idler arm bracket with the arm attached.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Position the bracket and arm on the frame and tighten the bolts to 48-58 ft. lbs. (65-78 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the idler arm to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm).
  4.  

4WD Pick-Up and 4Runner

See Figure 2

Before working on any of the following steering linkage components, raise the front of the truck and support it with safety stands.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Exploded view of the 4WD Pick-Up and 4Runner steering linkage components

PITMAN ARM

  1. Remove the Pitman arm set nut and washer.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller or similar tool, disconnect the Pitman arm from the sector shaft.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod end puller or similar tool, disconnect the Pitman arm from the relay rod.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Align the marks on the Pitman arm and sector shaft and connect them. Tighten the nut to 130 ft. lbs. (177 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Attach the arm to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  4.  

TIE ROD
  1. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the knuckle arm.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tie rod and remove the tie rod ends.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Screw the tie rod ends onto the tie rod. The tie rod length should be approximately 12.38 in. (314.5mm). The remaining length of threads on both ends should always be equal.
  2.  
  3. Turn the tie rod ends so they cross at about 90°. Tighten the clamp nuts to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Attach the tie rod to the knuckle arm and relay rod, then tighten the mounting nuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  6.  

RELAY ROD
  1. Separate the tie rod ends from the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the PITMAN arm from the relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the idler arm from the relay rod.
  6.  
  7. Remove the rod and inspect it for cracks or other damage.
  8.  
  9. Remove the cotter pin and set nut and then disconnect the steering damper from the relay rod.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Connect the relay rod to the idler arm to the relay rod, then tighten the nut 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  2.  
  3. Connect the relay rod to the Pitman arm, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod ends to the relay rod, then tighten the nuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install new cotter pins.
  6.  
  7. Connect the steering damper to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 43 ft. lbs. (50 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  8.  

KNUCKLE ARM
  1. Separate the tie rod at the knuckle arm and remove the arm.
  2.  
  3. Inspect the arm for cracks or other damage.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Install the arm to the steering knuckle and tighten the nut to 120 ft. lbs. (162 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the tie rod to the knuckle arm, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  4.  

STEERING DAMPER
  1. Separate the steering damper at the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the damper at the frame, then remove the damper with all washers and cushions.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Install the damper to the frame bracket and tighten the nut to 9 ft. lbs. (13 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the other end of the steering damper to the relay rod and tighten the nut to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  4.  

IDLER ARM BRACKET
  1. Separate the relay rod from the idler arm.
  2.  
  3. Remove the 3 mounting bolts and remove the idler arm bracket with the arm attached.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Position the bracket and arm on the frame and tighten the bolts to 70 ft. lbs. (95 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the idler arm to the relay rod and tighten the nut to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  4.  

T100

See Figures 3 and 4



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Exploded view of the 2WD T100 steering linkage components



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 4: Exploded view of the 4WD T100 steering linkage components

PITMAN ARM

  1. Remove the engine under cover.
  2.  
  3. Remove the Pitman arm set nut and spring washer.
  4.  
  5. Using a puller such as tool 09628-62011, disconnect the Pitman arm from he cross shaft.
  6.  
  7. Remove the cotter pin and nut.
  8.  
  9. With the aid of another SST 09611-22012 or equivalent, disconnect the Pitman arm from the relay rod.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Align the marks on the Pitman arm and the cross shaft.
  2.  
  3. Install the spring washer and Pitman arm set nut, tighten to 130 ft. lbs. (177 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the Pitman arm to the relay rod.
  6.  
  7. Install the nut and new cotter pin. Tighten the the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the engine under cover.
  10.  
  11. Check the front end alignment.
  12.  

TIE ROD
  1. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the knuckle arm.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tie rod and remove the tie rod ends.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Screw the tie rod ends onto the tie rod. The tie rod length should be approximately 12.96 in. (329.2mm). The remaining length of threads on both ends should always be equal.
  2.  
  3. Turn the tie rod ends so they cross at about 90°. Tighten the clamp nuts to 16 ft. lbs. (22 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Attach the tie rod to the knuckle arm and relay rod, then tighten the mounting nuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Connect the tie rod assembly to the relay rod. Install the nut, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  8.  
  9. Connect the tie rod end to the relay rod. Install the nut, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  10.  

STEERING DAMPER
  1. Remove the cotter pin and nut on the damper assembly.
  2.  
  3. Using a damper remover, and separate the damper from the relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Remove the bolt and nut.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Tighten the steering dampener bolt and nut to 19 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the nut and a new cotter pin, tighten to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm).
  4.  

IDLER ARM

See Figure 5

  1. Remove the cotter pin and nut for the idler arm.
  2.  
  3. Using the tool 09610-20012 or equivalent, disconnect the idler arm from the relay rod.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 5: Tool 09610-20012 or equivalent can be used to separate the idler arm from the knuckle and the tie rod from the knuckle

  1. Remove the three bolts, washers and nuts.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Attach the idler arm assembly with the bolts, washers and nuts, tighten to 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the idler arm to the relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Install the nut and tighten to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  6.  

1989-90 Land Cruiser

See Figure 6

  1. Raise the truck and support it with safety stands. Remove the wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cotter pin and nut, then disconnect the relay rod at the Pitman arm.
  4.  
  5. Remove the cotter pin and nut, then disconnect the tie rod at the knuckle arm.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 6: Exploded view of the steering linkage-1989-90 Land Cruiser

  1. Remove the mounting nut, then disconnect the steering damper at the frame bracket.
  2.  
  3. Remove the nut, then disconnect the steering damper at the relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Remove the cotter pin and nut, then disconnect the relay rod at the tie rod.
  6.  

To install:
  1. To replace the tie rod ends, loosen the clamp and remove the ends. Install the ends, then turn them in so they are approximately 47.5 in. (121cm) apart. Tighten the clamps.
  2.  
  3. To replace the relay rod ends, loosen the end clamps and remove the ends. Remove the cotter pin. Remove the plug, 2 ball stud seats, link joint knob, spring and spring seat. Coat the parts with grease, install them and tighten the plug completely. Loosen the plug 1-1 1 / 3 turns and install a new cotter pin. Turn the rod ends onto the rod so they are 37.8 in. (96cm) apart. Tighten the clamp bolts to 33 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the relay rod to the tie rod, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm) and install a new cotter pin.
  6.  
  7. Connect the steering damper to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Connect the damper to the frame bracket, then tighten the nut to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Attach the tie rod to the knuckle arm, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm) and install a new cotter pin.
  12.  
  13. Connect the relay rod to the Pitman arm, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm) and install a new cotter pin.
  14.  
  15. Install the wheels and lower the truck.
  16.  

1991-96 Land Cruiser

See Figure 7

Before working on any of the following steering linkage components, raise the front of the truck and support it with safety stands.



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 7: Exploded view of the steering linkage-1991-96 Land Cruiser

PITMAN ARM

  1. Remove the Pitman arm set nut and washer.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller or similar tool, disconnect the Pitman arm from the sector shaft.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod end puller or similar tool, disconnect the Pitman arm from the relay rod.
  6.  

To install:
  1. To install, align the marks on the Pitman arm and sector shaft and connect them. Tighten the nut to 130 ft. lbs. (177 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the arm to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  4.  

TIE ROD
  1. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the tie rod from the knuckle arms.
  2.  
  3. Remove the tie rod and remove the tie rod ends.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Screw the tie rod ends onto the tie rod. The tie rod length should be approximately 47.51 in. (121cm). The remaining length of threads on both ends should always be equal.
  2.  
  3. Turn the tie rod ends so they point in the same direction. Tighten the clamp nuts to 27 ft. lbs. (37 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod to the knuckle arms, then tighten the mounting nuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  6.  

RELAY ROD
  1. Separate the relay rod from the Pitman arm.
  2.  
  3. Using a tie rod end puller, disconnect the Pitman arm from the relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the steering damper from the relay rod.
  6.  
  7. Separate the relay rod from the knuckle arm. Always use a joint separator tool.
  8.  
  9. Remove the rod and inspect it for cracks or other damage.
  10.  

To install:
  1. The relay rod ends are to be replaced, install them and set the length to approximately 42.34 in. (108cm). The amount of threads projecting from each side of the rod must be equal.
  2.  
  3. Set the rod ends so that the end for Pitman arm (with the flange for the steering damper) faces up and the knuckle end points down. Tighten the clamp bolts to 27 ft. lbs. (37 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the rod loosely in position at the Pitman arm and knuckle arm.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the Pitman arm nut and the knuckle rod to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm). Install a new cotter pin in each fitting.
  8.  
  9. Connect the steering damper to the relay rod, then tighten the nut to 43 ft. lbs. (50 Nm). Install a new cotter pin.
  10.  

KNUCKLE ARM
  1. Disconnect the tie rod at the knuckle arm and remove the arm.
  2.  
  3. Inspect the arm for cracks or other damage.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Install the arm to the steering knuckle and tighten the nut to 71 ft. lbs. (96 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the tie rod to the knuckle arm and tighten the nut to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  4.  

STEERING DAMPER
  1. Separate the steering damper at the relay rod.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the damper at the bracket, then remove the damper with all washers and cushions.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Install the damper to the bracket and tighten the nut to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the other end of the steering damper to the relay rod. Tighten the nut to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
  4.  

 
label.common.footer.alt.autozoneLogo