Toyota Pick-ups, Land Cruiser, and 4 Runner 1997-00

Engine

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OIL LEVEL CHECK





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Fig. Pull the engine oil dipstick from its tube



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Fig. Periodically check the dipstick's O-ring for cracks or tears


CAUTION
Prolonged and repeated skin contact with used engine oil, with no effort to remove the oil, may cause skin cancer. Always follow these simple precautions when handling used motor oil:



Avoid prolonged skin contact with used motor oil.
 
Remove oil from the skin by washing thoroughly with soap and water, or use a waterless hand cleaner. Do NOT use gasoline, thinners or other solvents.
 
Avoid prolonged skin contact with oil-soaked clothing.
 

Every time you stop for fuel, check the engine oil as follows:

  1. Park the truck on level ground.
  2.  
  3. When checking the oil level it is best for the engine to be at operating temperature, although checking the oil immediately after a stopping will lead to a false reading. Wait a few minutes after turning off the engine to allow the oil to drain back into the oil pan (crankcase).
  4.  



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Fig. Read the dipstick carefully, add oil when the level is below the L mark; do NOT overfill

  1. Open the hood and locate the dipstick. Pull the dipstick from its tube, wipe it clean and reinsert it.
  2.  
  3. Pull the dipstick out again and, holding it horizontally, read the oil level. The oil should be between the F and L marks on the dipstick. If the oil is below the L mark, add oil of the proper viscosity through the capped opening on the top of the cylinder head cover.
  4.  
  5. Reinsert the dipstick and check the oil level again after adding any oil. Be careful NOT to overfill the crankcase. Approximately one quart of oil will raise the level from the L to the F . Excess oil will generally be consumed at an accelerated rate as well as hampering engine operation.
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Fig. Location of the oil filler cap



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Fig. If engine oil level is low, remove the oil fill cap . . .



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Fig. . . then add oil, using a funnel to prevent spills

OIL AND FILTER CHANGE





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Fig. In order to change the oil and filter, you may have to remove the skid plate from the truck



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Fig. View of the inside of the skid plate and its mounting points

The oil and filter should be changed every 7,500 miles (12,000 km). The mileage figures given are the Toyota recommended intervals assuming normal driving and conditions. Normal driving requires that the vehicle be driven far enough to warm up the oil; usually this is about 10 miles (16 km) or so. If your everyday use is shorter than this (one way), your use qualifies as severe duty.

Severe duty includes dusty, polluted or off-road conditions, as well as stop-and-go short haul uses. Regularly towing a trailer also puts the truck in this category, as does constant operation with a near capacity load. Change the oil and filter at 1 / 2 the normal interval. Half of 7,500 equals 3,250 miles (5,229 km); round it down to the easily remembered 3,000 mile (5,000 km) interval. For some owners that may be once a month; for others, it may be six months.


CAUTION
Prolonged and repeated skin contact with used engine oil, with no effort to remove the oil, may cause skin cancer. Always follow these simple precautions when handling used motor oil:



Avoid prolonged skin contact with used motor oil.
 
Remove oil from the skin by washing thoroughly with soap and water, or use a waterless hand cleaner. Do NOT use gasoline, thinners or other solvents.
 
Avoid prolonged skin contact with oil-soaked clothing.
 

The oil drain plug is located on the bottom, rear of the oil pan (bottom of the engine, underneath the truck). The oil filter is located on the side of the engine. One some vehicles, the oil drain plug and the filter may be located behind access panels in the engine under covers.

Always drain the oil after the engine has been running long enough to bring it to normal operating temperature. Hot oil will flow easier and more contaminants will be removed along with the oil than if it were drained cold. To change the oil and filter:

  1. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature. Shut down the engine.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the front of the truck on safety stands.
  4.  
  5. Slide a drain pan of at least eight quarts capacity under the oil pan.
  6.  
  7. Loosen the drain plug with a wrench. Turn the plug out by hand. By keeping an inward pressure on the plug as you unscrew it, oil won't escape past the threads and you can remove it without being burned by hot oil.
  8.  



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Fig. Oil drain plug location1FZ-FE Engine



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Fig. Oil drain plug location3RZ-FE Engine



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Fig. The oil drain plug on this V8-powered Land Cruiser is behind Engine Under Cover No. 32UZ-FE Engine



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Fig. Location of the engine oil drain plug on the 5VZ-FE engine



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Fig. Use a closed end wrench to loosen the engine oil drain plug



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Fig. Keeping an upward pressure on the drain plug while unscrewing it will prevent oil leakage until you're ready for it



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Fig. Quickly withdraw the plug and allow all of the oil to drain out



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Fig. Engine oil drain plug and sealing O-ring

  1. Allow the oil to drain completely and then install the drain plug. Do NOT overtighten the plug, or you'll be buying a new pan or a replacement plug for stripped threads.
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  3. Using a filter wrench, remove the oil filter. Keep in mind that it's holding about one quart of dirty, hot oil. Make certain the old gasket comes off with the filter and is not stuck to the block.
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Fig. The oil filter on this V8-powered Land Cruiser is behind a removable Service Hole Cover and is serviced using a cap-type oil filter tool2UZ-FE Engine



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Fig. A strap-type wrench can be used if space permits. Other applications may require a cap-type wrench that grabs the end of the filter

  1. Empty the old filter into the drain pan and dispose of the filter.
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  3. Using a clean rag, wipe off the filter adapter on the engine block. Be sure that the rag doesn't leave any lint that could clog an oil passage.
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Fig. With a lint free rag, clean the surface of the filter contact



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Fig. Before installing a new oil filter, coat the rubber gasket with clean oil

  1. Coat the rubber gasket on the filter with fresh oil. The reason for this is that the rubber will react with the oil and swell a small amount, making a good, tight seal without having to tighten the filter excessively. Spin it onto the engine by hand; when the gasket touches the adapter surface give it another 1 / 23 / 4 turn. No more, or you'll crush the gasket and it will leak.
  2.  
  3. Refill the engine with the correct amount of fresh oil. See the "Capacities" chart.
  4.  
  5. Check the oil level on the dipstick. It is normal for the level to be a bit above the full mark. Start the engine and allow it to idle for a few minutes.
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WARNING
Do NOT run the engine above idle speed until it has built up oil pressure, indicated when the oil light goes out.

  1. Shut OFF the engine, allow the oil to drain for a minute, and check the oil level. Check around the filter and drain plug for any leaks, and correct as necessary.
  2.  

 
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