Toyota Pick-ups, Land Cruiser, and 4 Runner 1997-00

Starter

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TESTING




WARNING
These tests must be performed within a 35 seconds to avoid burning out the coil.

Pull-In
  1. Disconnect the field coil lead wire from terminal C .
  2.  
  3. Connect the battery to the magnetic switch shown in the diagram.
  4.  



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Fig. Connect the battery to the magnetic switch as shown here

  1. Check that the clutch pinion gear moves in the outward motion.
  2.  

Hold-In

With the battery connected as in the picture and with the clutch pinion gear out, disconnect the negative () lead from terminal C . Check that the pinion gear stays in the outward position.



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Fig. Connect the battery as shown here to test the hold-in windings

Inspect Clutch Pinion Gear Return

Disconnect the negative lead from the magnetic switch body. Check that the pinion gear returns to the inward position.



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Fig. Disconnect the negative lead from the starter as shown here

No-Load
  1. Connect the battery ammeter to the starter as shown in the illustration.
  2.  



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Fig. Make the connections to the battery, ammeter and starter as shown here

  1. Check the rotation of the starter, it must be smooth and steady with the pinion gear moving outwards. Compare the ammeter reading to the starter specifications chart.
  2.  

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



On all engines except the 2UZ-FE, the starter is external, mounted in a conventional manner, alongside the engine block. One the 2UZ-FE, however, the starter is mounted in the 'V' of the engine, between the cylinder head banks. The entire intake manifold assembly must be removed to access the starter motor and solenoid. (Toyota calls the solenoid a "magnetic switch.")

Except 2UZ-FE Engine


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Fig. Unfasten the starter mounting bolts . . .



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Fig. . . . then pull the starter toward the front of the vehicle to remove it (other components removed for clarity)

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the nut and disconnect the battery cable from the magnetic switch on the starter motor.
  4.  
  5. Detach the remaining electrical connections at the starter.
  6.  
  7. Remove the nuts and/or bolts securing the starter to the bell housing, and then pull the starter toward the front of the vehicle to remove.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Insert the starter into the bell housing being sure that the starter drive teeth are engaged with the flywheel teeth, NOT jammed against the flywheel.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the attaching hardware to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm) and replace all electrical connections.
  4.  



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Fig. Exploded view of a common starter mounting found on Toyota trucks

  1. Connect the positive battery cable (starter wire) to the starter.
  2.  
  3. Connect the negative battery cable.
  4.  

2UZ-FE Engine


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Fig. The starter motor on this 2UZ-FE engine is installed under the intake manifold between the cylinder heads, making it a lengthy procedure to perform

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cosmetic/acoustic engine cover.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the accelerator cable and intake air connector.
  6.  
  7. Remove the intake manifold assembly. For additional information, please refer to the following topic(s): Engine Mechanical, Intake Manifold.
  8.  
  9. Remove the two bolts holding the starter motor to the engine block and lift the starter away from the block.
  10.  
  11. Detach the electrical connectors from the starter and remove the starter from the vehicle.
  12.  

To install:

  1. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure. Make sure all electrical connections are tight and that the harness is secure.
  2.  
  3. Install the starter and torque the two bolts to 29 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the intake manifold.
  6.  
  7. Connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  

RELAY REPLACEMENT



The starter relays on most Toyota trucks are located either in the relay block in the engine compartment or on the driver's side junction block. The cover for the relay compartments should be marked, 'starter' (or something similar) or the relay will have a part number with a suffix of 28300-XXXXX. Simply locate the relay, pull it out, and install a new one if needed.



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Fig. The relay may be located in the driver's side junction block or in the engine compartment relay block



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Fig. This relay is marked ST and can be tested for continuity with an ohmmeter1998 2UZ-FE engine shown, others similar

 
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