Toyota Pick-ups, Land Cruiser, and 4 Runner 1997-00

Power Steering Gear

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



4Runner, Tacoma and Tundra
2WD MODELS
  1. Place the front wheels facing straight ahead.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  


CAUTION
Work must NOT be started until after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative battery cable is disconnected from the battery. The SRS is equipped with a back-up power source so that if the work is started within the 90 seconds of disconnecting the negative terminal, the SRS may be deployed.

  1. Disarm the SRS system. For additional information, please refer to the following topic(s): "CHASSIS ELECTRICAL," "SRS System." See .
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the right and left tie rod ends from the knuckle.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the intermediate No. 2 shaft from the steering rack.
  8.  
  9. Using SST 0963122020 (or equivalent), remove the pressure feed and the return tubes.
  10.  
  11. Remove the power steering rack.
  12.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of the power steering gear2WD Tacoma shown

To install:

  1. Install the power steering rack, and then tighten the bolts to 148 ft. lbs. (201 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install a new Oring and install the pressure feed tube, then tighten to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm). Install the return tube, and then tighten to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the intermediate No. 2 shaft to the steering rack.
  6.  
  7. Connect the right and left tie rod ends to the steering knuckle. Tighten the castle nuts to specification and install new cotter pins.
  8.  
  9. Lower the vehicle.
  10.  
  11. Connect the negative battery cable.
  12.  
  13. Check the steering wheel center point.
  14.  
  15. Bleed the power steering system.
  16.  
  17. Check the front wheel alignment. Tighten the tie rod end locknuts to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm)
  18.  

4WD MODELS


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Power steering fluid line-to-rack and pinion steering gear connection locationsTacoma TRD



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. The rack and pinion steering coupler as it appears from beneath the vehicleTacoma TRD

  1. Place the front wheels facing straight ahead.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  


CAUTION
Work must NOT be started until after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative battery cable is disconnected from the battery. The SRS is equipped with a back-up power source so that if the work is started within the 90 seconds of disconnecting the negative terminal, the SRS may be deployed.

  1. Disarm the SRS system. For additional information, please refer to the following topic(s): "CHASSIS ELECTRICAL," "SRS System." See .
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine undercover.
  6.  
  7. Disconnect the right and left tie rod ends from the steering knuckle.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the intermediate No. 2 shaft from the steering rack.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the pressure feed tube and return tube.
  12.  
  13. Remove the power steering rack assembly.
  14.  
  15. Remove the bracket and grommet.
  16.  

To install:

  1. Install the bracket and grommet.
  2.  
  3. Install the power steering rack assembly then tighten the bolts to:

    Rack assembly bolt: 123 ft. lbs. (167 Nm)
     
    Rack assembly nut and bolt: 141 ft. lbs. (191 Nm)
     
    Nut and bolt to the bracket: 123 ft. lbs. (167 Nm)
     

  4.  
  5. Connect the pressure feed tube and the return tube. Tighten to 29 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Connect the intermediate No. 2 shaft to the steering rack.
  8.  
  9. Connect the right and left tie rod ends to the steering knuckle.
  10.  
  11. Install the engine undercovers.
  12.  
  13. Lower the vehicle.
  14.  
  15. Check the steering wheel center point.
  16.  
  17. Bleed the power steering system.
  18.  
  19. Connect the negative battery cable.
  20.  
  21. Check the front-end alignment.
  22.  

T100
2WD MODELS
  1. Position the front wheels facing straight ahead.
  2.  
  3. Secure the steering wheel so that it does not turn. The driver's seat belt can be used to secure the steering wheel.
  4.  
  5. Place matchmarks on the intermediate shaft and control valve shaft. Remove the lower and upper joint bolts from the intermediate shaft. Disconnect the shaft.
  6.  
  7. Remove the cotter pin and nut from the tie rod ends. Disconnect the tie rod ends using a separator tool.
  8.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of the power steering gear2WD T100 shown

  1. Disconnect the pressure and return pipes using flare nut wrenches.
  2.  
  3. Remove the bracket bolts and grommets.
  4.  
  5. Remove the steering rack assembly from the vehicle.
  6.  

To install:

  1. Install the gear housing then tighten the mounting bolts to 65 ft. lbs. (88 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Install the pressure and return tubes using new O-rings. Tighten the fittings to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the intermediate shaft. Install the lower and upper joint bolts. Tighten the bolts to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Connect the tie rod ends, tighten to 67 ft. lbs. (90 Nm) and install a new cotter pin.
  8.  
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10.  
  11. Fill and bleed the steering system.
  12.  
  13. Check and adjust toe-in.
  14.  

4WD MODELS
  1. Place the front wheels facing straight ahead.
  2.  
  3. Drain the power steering fluid.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  6.  


CAUTION
Work must NOT be started until after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative battery cable is disconnected from the battery. The SRS is equipped with a back-up power source so that if the work is started within the 90 seconds of disconnecting the negative terminal, the SRS may be deployed.

  1. Disarm the SRS system. For additional information, please refer to the following topic(s): "CHASSIS ELECTRICAL," "SRS System." See .
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of the power steering gear4WD T100 shown

  1. Remove the pitman arm set nut and the spring washer. Using SST 0962862011 (or equivalent), disconnect the pitman arm from the gear assembly.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the pressure feed tube and return tube.
  4.  
  5. Make matchmarks and disconnect the intermediate shaft from the steering gear.
  6.  
  7. Remove the power steering gear mounting bolts and remove the gear assembly.
  8.  

To install:

  1. Install the power steering gear assembly, and then tighten the bolts to 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Align the matchmarks and connect the intermediate shaft to the steering gear.
  4.  

If installing a new gear assembly, be sure the gear box and the steering wheel are centered.

  1. Connect the pressure feed tube and the return tube. Tighten the line fittings to 26 ft. lbs. (36 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Align the alignment marks on the cross shaft and the pitman arm and connect the pitman arm. Install the spring washer and the pitman arm set nut, then tighten to 130 ft. lbs. (177 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Lower the vehicle.
  6.  
  7. Check the steering wheel center point.
  8.  
  9. Fill and bleed the power steering system.
  10.  
  11. Connect the negative battery cable.
  12.  

Land Cruiser


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Exploded view of the steering gear assemblyLand Cruiser

  1. Drain the power steering fluid.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  


CAUTION
Work must NOT be started until after 90 seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative battery cable is disconnected from the battery. The SRS is equipped with a back-up power source so that if the work is started within the 90 seconds of disconnecting the negative terminal, the SRS may be deployed.

  1. Disarm the SRS system. For additional information, please refer to the following topic(s): "CHASSIS ELECTRICAL," "SRS System." See .
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the frame seal.
  6.  
  7. Remove the link joint protector.
  8.  
  9. Remove the pitman arm set nut and spring washer. Using SST 09628-62011 (or equivalent), disconnect the pitman arm from the gear assembly.
  10.  
  11. Using SST 09631-22020 (or equivalent), disconnect the pressure feed and the return tubes.
  12.  
  13. Separate the sliding yoke sub-assembly from the steering gear.
  14.  
  15. Remove the mounting bolts and the power steering gear assembly.
  16.  

To install:

  1. Install the power steering gear assembly, and then tighten the bolts to 105 ft. lbs. (142 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect the sliding yoke subassembly to the steering gear.
  4.  
  5. Connect the pressure feed and the return tubes. Tighten the tube fittings to 26 ft. lbs. (36 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Connect the pitman arm and align the alignment marks on the cross shaft and the pitman arm. Install the spring washer and the pitman arm set nut. Tighten the nut to 130 ft. lbs. (177 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Refill and bleed the power steering system.
  10.  
  11. Install the link joint protector.
  12.  
  13. Install the frame seal.
  14.  
  15. Lower the vehicle.
  16.  
  17. Connect the negative battery cable.
  18.  
  19. Test drive the vehicle. Check the steering wheel center point.
  20.  

 
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