Toyota Tercel 1984-1994 Repair Guide

High Altitude Compensation

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OPERATION



Used on 3A-C and 3E engines.

As altitude increases, air density decreases. This causes the air/fuel mixture to become richer (the same amount of fuel is mixing with less air). The high altitude compensation (HAC) system insures a proper air/fuel mixture by supplying additional air to the primary low and high speed circuits of the carburetor and advancing the ignition timing to improve driveability at altitudes above 3,930 feet (1,200 m). At altitudes below 2,570 feet (783 m), normal operation is resumed.

TESTING



HAC Valve

See Figures 1 and 2

  1. Check the HAC valve as follows:
    1. Above 3,930 ft. (1,200 m), blow into any one of the two ports on top of the HAC valve with the engine idling and check that the HAC valve is open (air flows through the bottom of the valve).
    2.  
    3. Below 2,570 ft. (783 m), blow into any one of the two ports on top of the HAC valve with the engine idling and check that the HAC valve is closed (no air flow through the bottom of the valve).
    4.  

  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Air should flow through the bottom of the HAC valve at high altitiudes



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Fig. Fig. 2: Air should not flow through the bottom of the valve at low altitudes

Check Valve

See Figure 3

  1. Check the valve by blowing air into each pipe:
  2.  
  3. Check that air flows from the orange pipe to the black pipe.
  4.  
  5. Check that air does not flow from the black pipe to the orange pipe.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Check valve air flow

Distributor Vacuum Advance

See Figure 4

Used on 3A-C engines.

Remove the distributor cap and rotor. Plug one port of the sub-diaphragm. Using a hand-held vacuum pump, apply vacuum to the diaphragm, checking that the vacuum advance moves when the vacuum is applied. Reinstall the rotor and distributor cap.



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Fig. Fig. 4: Vacuum advance movement on 3A-C engines

Jet

Used on 3E engines.

Check the jet by blowing air through both sides. Air should pass freely both ways.

 
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