Toyota Tercel 1984-1994 Repair Guide

Engine

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OIL LEVEL CHECK



See Figures 1 and 2


CAUTION
Prolonged and repeated skin contact with used engine oil, with no effort to remove the oil, may be harmful. Always follow these simple precautions when handling used motor oil:



Avoid prolonged skin contact with used motor oil.
 
Remove oil from your skin by washing thoroughly with soap and water or waterless hand cleaner. Do not use gasoline, thinners or other solvents.
 
Avoid prolonged skin contact with oil-soaked clothing. Every time you stop for fuel, check the engine oil as follows:
 

  1. Park the car on level ground.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: The oil level dipstick is often found at the front of the engine

  1. When checking the oil level it is best for the engine to be at operating temperature, although checking the oil immediately after stopping will lead to a false reading. Wait a few minutes after turning off the engine to allow the oil to drain back into the crankcase.
  2.  
  3. Open the hood and locate the dipstick. Pull the dipstick from its tube, wipe it clean and reinsert it.
  4.  
  5. Pull the dipstick out again and, holding it horizontally, read the oil level. The oil should be between the F and L or high and low marks on the dipstick. If the oil is below the L or low mark, add oil of the proper viscosity through the capped opening on the top of the cylinder head cover. See the Oil and Fuel Recommendations chart in this section for the proper viscosity and rating of oil.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: When adding oil, pour through the oil filler hole in the valve cover

  1. Replace the dipstick and check the oil level again after adding any oil. Be careful not to overfill the crankcase. Approximately 1 quart (0.9L) of oil will raise the level from the L or low mark to the F or high mark. Excess oil will generally be consumed at an accelerated rate and could cause engine damage.
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OIL AND FILTER CHANGE



See Figures 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8

It is recommended that all vehicles should have the oil changed every 3,750 miles (6,000 km) or 6 months. Always replace the oil filter when changing the engine oil in the vehicle. These mileage figures are the Toyota recommended intervals assuming severe driving conditions (trips less than 5 miles, extensive idling/heavy traffic, dusty conditions, etc.). If your driving habits do not meet these conditions and consists chiefly of extended highway driving, the interval is every 7,500 miles (12,000 km) or 1 year.

The oil drain plug is located on the bottom, rear of the oil pan (bottom of the engine, underneath the car - some models are on the side of oil pan).

Always drain the oil after the engine has been running long enough to bring it to normal operating temperature. Hot oil will flow easier and more contaminants will be removed along with the oil than if it were drained cold. To change the oil and filter:

  1. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature, then shut the engine OFF .
  2.  
  3. Jack up the front of the car and support on safety stands.
  4.  
  5. Slide a drain pan of at least 6 quart (5.7L) capacity under the oil pan.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Most oil drain plugs are located on the bottom of the oil pan, however, some may also be on the side



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Fig. Fig. 4: Keep an inward pressure on the drain plug as you unscrew it to prevent the oil from spilling over your hands

  1. Loosen the drain plug. Turn the plug out by hand. By keeping an inward pressure on the plug as you unscrew it, oil won't escape past the threads and you can remove it without being burned by hot oil. The engine oil will be hot. Keep your arms, face and hands away from the oil as it drains out.
  2.  
  3. Allow the oil to drain completely and then install the drain plug. Don't overtighten the plug, or you'll be buying a new pan or a replacement plug for stripped threads.
  4.  
  5. Using a strap wrench, remove the oil filter. Keep in mind that it's holding about 1 quart (0.9L) of dirty, hot oil.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: Use a strap wrench to REMOVE the oil filter



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Fig. Fig. 6: Before installing a new oil filter, coat the gasket with clean oil

  1. Empty the old filter into the drain pan and dispose of the filter.
  2.  

Please dispose of used motor oil properly. Do not throw it in the trash or pour it on the ground. Take it to your dealer or local service station for recycling.

  1. Using a clean rag, wipe off the filter adaptor on the engine block. Be sure that the rag doesn't leave any lint which could clog an oil passage.
  2.  
  3. Coat the rubber gasket on the filter with fresh oil. Spin it onto the engine by hand; when the gasket touches the adaptor surface give it another 1 / 2 - 3 / 4 turn. No more, or you'll squash the gasket and it may leak (some oil filters have installation directions about how tight to make the oil filter - follow the directions as necessary).
  4.  
  5. Refill the engine with the correct amount of fresh oil. See the Capacities Chart.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: Add the proper amount of oil through the filler hole in the valve cover



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Fig. Fig. 8: Check the oil and be sure it is at the proper level

  1. Check the oil level on the dipstick. It is normal for the level to be a bit above the full mark. Start the engine and allow it to idle for a few minutes.
  2.  

Do not run the engine above idle speed until it has built up oil pressure, indicated when the oil light goes out.

  1. Shut off the engine, allow the oil to drain for a minute, and check the oil level. Check around the filter and drain plug for any leaks, and correct as necessary.
  2.  

 
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