Toyota Tercel 1984-1994 Repair Guide

Lower Control Arm

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION




CAUTION
The suspension on any vehicle is assembled with high grade, hardened fasteners. NEVER substitute a fastener of inferior load rating when assembling a suspension component!


CAUTION
On models equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) or "air bag,'' work must NOT be started until at least 90 seconds have passed from the time that both the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative cable is disconnected from the battery.

Wagons and 1984-86 Sedans

See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: The ball joint is attached to the steering knuckle by two bolts

  1. Remove the nuts/bolts attaching the ball joint to the steering knuckle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the nut holding the sway bar end to the control arm.
  4.  
  5. Place a jack under the wheel and raise the car until the body lifts off the stand.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Use caution when lifting the vehicle off the stand

  1. Loosen the lower control arm pivot bolt. Pry the lower arm and pull out the bolt.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Pry the lower arm back and forth, while pulling out the attaching bolt

  1. Disconnect the arm from the sway bar, then remove it from the vehicle. Be careful not to lose the caster adjusting spacer.
  2.  
  3. Lower the vehicle onto the stand.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Check the rubber bushings and replace it if any sign of damage or deformation is found.
  2.  
  3. Insert the sway bar into the control arm. Install the sway bar and control arm bolt/nut. Do not torque the nut/bolt yet.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: Installing the arm

  1. Connect the ball joint to the steering knuckle, then torque the nuts to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Lower the vehicle and bounce it to stabilize the suspension.
  4.  
  5. Torque the sway bar nut to 78 ft. lbs. (105 Nm) and the control arm bolt to 83 ft. lbs. (113 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Have the wheel alignment checked by a reputable shop.
  8.  

1987-94 Sedans

See Figures 5 and 6

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the nuts/bolts attaching the ball joint to the lower control arm.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: Remove the nuts/bolts securing the ball joint to the lower control arm



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Fig. Fig. 6: Lower control arm attaching nut/bolt locations

  1. Remove the single bolt securing the front of the control arm and the two rear bolts securing the control arm bracket.
  2.  
  3. Remove the control arm from the vehicle.
  4.  

To install:
  1. If the bushings appear damaged or deformed, the entire lower control arm must be replaced.
  2.  
  3. Install the control arm and tighten the attaching bolts until just snug.
  4.  
  5. Connect the control arm to the ball joint. Torque the nuts to 59 ft. lbs. (80 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Lower the vehicle, then bounce it up and down to stabilize the suspension.
  8.  
  9. Torque the single front control arm bolt to 108 ft. lbs. (147 Nm) and the rear bracket bolts to 64 ft. lbs. (87 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Have the wheel alignment checked by a reputable shop.
  12.  

BUSHING REPLACEMENT



See Figures 7, 8, 9 and 10


CAUTION
The suspension on any vehicle is assembled with high grade, hardened fasteners. NEVER substitute a fastener of inferior load rating when assembling a suspension component!

Bushing replacement is possible on wagons and 1984-86 sedans only. On 1987-94 sedans, the entire lower control arm must be replaced as an assembly.

  1. Remove the control arm from the vehicle.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: Cut off the flange tip of the bushing as shown

  1. Cut the flange tip of the bushing as shown, then bend the remaining positions inward with a hammer and chisel.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 8: Bending the flange tips with a hammer and chisel

  1. Bend in the flange tips, then pull off the flange with a pair of pliers.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 9: Use a pair of pliers to pull off the flange

  1. Remove the bushing out of the control arm using SST 09726-32010 or its equivalent and a press.
  2.  
  3. Install the bushing using SST 09726-32010 or its equivalent and a press. Do not allow grease or oil to get on the bushing.
  4.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 10: A press is used to remove and replace the bushings in the control arm

  1. Install the control arm.
  2.  

 
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