Toyota Tercel 1984-1994 Repair Guide

Rack and Pinion Manual Steering Gear

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ADJUSTMENTS



Adjustments to the manual steering gear/rack and pinion assembly are not necessary during normal service.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1, 2 and 3


CAUTION
On models equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) or "air bag,'' work must NOT be started until at least 90 seconds have passed from the time that both the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative cable is disconnected from the battery.


CAUTION
The steering system on any vehicle is assembled with high grade, hardened fasteners. NEVER substitute a fastener of inferior load rating when assembling a suspension component!



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Fig. Fig. 1: A manual rack and pinion steering gear



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Fig. Fig. 2: Removing the bolt securing the yoke to the steering gear

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the hole cover screws to gain access to the steering column/steering gear yoke. Remove the bolt securing the yoke to the steering gear assembly.
  4.  

On vehicles equipped with air bags, secure the steering wheel so that it will not turn.

  1. Elevate and safely support the vehicle, then remove both front wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cotter pins from both tie rod ends, then remove the nuts.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod separator, disengage the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles.
  6.  
  7. Remove the nuts/bolts attaching the steering rack to the body.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Removing the brackets securing the steering gear

  1. Lower the rack assembly or, if possible, slide the assembly out through the wheel well opening. Remove any components necessary to gain additional working space.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Install the rack assembly. Secure it with the retaining bolts/nuts, then tighten them to 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Torque the steering gear-to-yoke bolt to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) on 1984-90 models and 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm) on 1991-94 models.
  4.  
  5. Connect the tie rod ends to each steering knuckle. Tighten the nuts to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm), then install new cotter pins.
  6.  
  7. Install the front wheels.
  8.  
  9. Lower the car to the ground.
  10.  

On vehicles equipped with air bags, the spiral cable in the steering column must be centered if the steering wheel has been turned. Refer to the steering column procedure in this section.

  1. Install the hole cover. Have a reputable shop check the front end alignment.
  2.  

 
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