Toyota Tercel 1984-1994 Repair Guide

Rack and Pinion Power Steering Gear

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ADJUSTMENTS



Adjustments to the power steering gear/rack and pinion assembly are not necessary during normal service.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5


CAUTION
On models equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) or "air bag,'' work must NOT be started until at least 90 seconds have passed from the time that both the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position and the negative cable is disconnected from the battery.


CAUTION
The steering system on any vehicle is assembled with high grade, hardened fasteners. NEVER substitute a fastener of inferior load rating when assembling a suspension component!



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Fig. Fig. 1: Removing the bolt securing the yoke to the steering gear

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the hole cover screws to gain access to the steering column/steering gear yoke. Remove the bolt securing the yoke to the steering gear assembly.
  4.  

On vehicles equipped with air bags, secure the steering wheel so that it will not turn.

  1. Place a drain pan below the power steering rack assembly. Clean the area around the line fittings on the rack.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Disconnecting the fluid lines from the steering gear

  1. Elevate and safely support the vehicle, then remove both front wheels.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cotter pins from both tie rod ends, then remove the nuts.
  4.  
  5. Using a tie rod separator, disengage the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles.
  6.  
  7. Label and disconnect the fluid pressure and return lines at the rack.
  8.  
  9. Remove the nuts/bolts attaching the steering rack to the body.
  10.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: It may be necessary to remove the front exhaust pipe on some models to gain additional clearance

  1. On some models it may be necessary to remove the front exhaust pipe and the rear engine mounting bracket/crossmember. Support the transaxle with a jack before removing the engine mounting bracket/crossmember.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: Removing the rear engine mounting bracket



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Fig. Fig. 5: Removing the bolts securing the assembly to the vehicle

  1. Lower the rack assembly or, if possible, slide the assembly to the right and lower the left side. Remove any components necessary to gain additional working space.
  2.  

To install:
  1. Install the rack assembly. Secure it with the retaining bolts/nuts, then torque them to the following:
    1. Wagons and 1984-86 sedans - 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm)
    2.  
    3. 1987-90 sedans - 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm)
    4.  
    5. 1991-94 sedans - 43 ft. lbs. (59 Nm)
    6.  

  2.  
  3. Install the front exhaust pipe and rear engine mounting bracket, if applicable.
  4.  
  5. Connect the fluid lines. Always start the threads by hand before using a tool.
  6.  
  7. Torque the steering gear-to-yoke bolt to 26 ft. lbs. (35 Nm) on 1984-90 models and 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm) on 1991-94 models.
  8.  
  9. Connect the tie rod ends to each steering knuckle. Tighten the nuts to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm), then install new cotter pins.
  10.  
  11. Install the front wheels.
  12.  
  13. Lower the car to the ground.
  14.  
  15. Install the hole cover. Add fluid and bleed the system.
  16.  

On vehicles equipped with air bags, the spiral cable in the steering column must be centered if the steering wheel has been turned. Refer to the steering column procedure in this section.

  1. Have a reputable shop check the front end alignment.
  2.  

 
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